Monday, May 11, 2020

Why deforestation In Amazon rainforest Surges during Pandemic ?

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest rose sharply in last month April 2020. significant increase in deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, which is a matter of great concern.



As the Coronavirus epidemic draws global attention, there is a significant increase in deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in 2020, which is a matter of great concern.

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest rose sharply in last month April 2020. Destruction in Amazon forest increased 64 percent in April 2020, compared with the same month in 2019, according to preliminary satellite data from space research agency INPE.



Deforestation reaches highest level in a decade in the Brazilian Amazon
Deforestation reaches highest level in a decade in the Brazilian Amazon (source)



According to the INPE data, in the first four months that means from January to April of this year, Amazon deforestation was up 55 percent from a year ago to 1,202 square kilometers (464 square miles). 




How is the coronavirus epidemic responsible for increasing deforestation?


The outbreak of the new coronavirus has led to sophisticated efforts to combat deforestation, with environmental enforcement agency Obama sending fewer agents to farms due to health risks.

The coronavirus epidemic is only complicating things in the Amazon region.
Brazil, which accounts for more than 60 percent of the Amazon, is the epicenter of the epidemic in Latin America, with about 10,000 deaths so far.


Environmentalists say the government is paying less attention to deforestation due to the coronavirus.


New question arises that how Brazil is protecting its world's biggest rain forest?



The Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rain forest, and scientists say its preservation is vital to stop global warming because it absorbs vast amount of greenhouse gases.

Destruction of the Amazon surged to an 11-year high last year due to massive fire and continues to surge in 2020, which environmentalists blame on the policies of  President Jair Bolsonaro who has emboldened illegal loggers, ranchers and miners.

Last year, in Bolsonaro's first year in office,  soared 85% in the Amazon rainforest deforestation, to 10,123 square kilometers of forest.

The destruction was increased by massive fire across the Amazon forest from May to October in last year, in addition to illegal logging, mining and farming on protected lands. This trend in 2020 is still matter of concern.



President of Brazil has called for more farming and mining in protected areas of the forest, saying it is the only way to lift the region out of poverty.


Causes of  deforestation in the amazon rainforest


Illegal logging, mining and farming on protected lands is the main cause of amazon forest deforestation.



Illegal logging in amazon rainforest
Illegal logging in amazon rainforest 


Cattle ranching is the another leading cause of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.


WWF estimates that 27% – more than a quarter – of the Amazon  will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of amazon rainforest deforestation continues.



Effects of deforestation in amazon rainforest 


Wildlife habitat destruction due to deforestation will cause more deadly pandemics like coronavirus. Because when you cut down trees and remove the forest, you eliminate the natural environment of many species.

Millions of plant and animal species currently face extinction because of habitat loss.

34 million indigenous people live in the jungles of the Amazon and depend on its resources. Deforestation in the Amazon can be a major problem for these people.





Ways to stop deforestation in the Amazon



Deforestation in the Amazon is no longer an issue for individual countries to deal with alone. It requires an integrated policies and concrete actions to deal with this problem. 

Brazil government has to design and implement “zero net deforestation” plans, create awareness of the issues about deforestation, and recognize indigenous peoples and local communities’ rights.

President of Brazil Bolsonaro already authorized the deployment of armed forces to deter illegal loggers and combat deforestation and forest fires in the region. This measure may help in the short term to stop deforestation but is not a lasting solution.


Conclusion



The Amazon Rain Forest in Brazil is the largest tropical run forest in the world. It is also called the planet's lung because its vast forest releases oxygen and stores carbon dioxide (CO2). 

More than 20% of the world's oxygen is produced in the Amazon rainforest. Therefore, it is a matter of great concern that Amazon Forest is being destroyed day by day. we should think about this problem deeply. 



Thank you!!! 

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elonjeevan

Author & Editor

ex science student

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