Monday, May 11, 2020

Why deforestation In Amazon rainforest Surges during Pandemic ?


As the Coronavirus epidemic draws global attention, there is a significant increase in deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in 2020, which is a matter of great concern.

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest rose sharply in last month April 2020. Destruction in Amazon forest increased 64 percent in April 2020, compared with the same month in 2019, according to preliminary satellite data from space research agency INPE.

Deforestation reaches highest level in a decade in the Brazilian Amazon
Deforestation reaches highest level in a decade in the Brazilian Amazon (source)

According to the INPE data, in the first four months that means from January to April of this year, Amazon deforestation was up 55 percent from a year ago to 1,202 square kilometers (464 square miles). 

How is the coronavirus epidemic responsible for increasing deforestation?

The outbreak of the new coronavirus has led to sophisticated efforts to combat deforestation, with environmental enforcement agency Obama sending fewer agents to farms due to health risks.

The coronavirus epidemic is only complicating things in the Amazon region.
Brazil, which accounts for more than 60 percent of the Amazon, is the epicenter of the epidemic in Latin America, with about 10,000 deaths so far.

Environmentalists say the government is paying less attention to deforestation due to the coronavirus.

New question arises that how Brazil is protecting its world's biggest rain forest?

The Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rain forest, and scientists say its preservation is vital to stop global warming because it absorbs vast amount of greenhouse gases.

Destruction of the Amazon surged to an 11-year high last year due to massive fire and continues to surge in 2020, which environmentalists blame on the policies of  President Jair Bolsonaro who has emboldened illegal loggers, ranchers and miners.

Last year, in Bolsonaro's first year in office,  soared 85% in the Amazon rainforest deforestation, to 10,123 square kilometers of forest.

The destruction was increased by massive fire across the Amazon forest from May to October in last year, in addition to illegal logging, mining and farming on protected lands. This trend in 2020 is still matter of concern.

President of Brazil has called for more farming and mining in protected areas of the forest, saying it is the only way to lift the region out of poverty.

Causes of  deforestation in the amazon rainforest

Illegal logging, mining and farming on protected lands is the main cause of amazon forest deforestation.

Illegal logging in amazon rainforest
Illegal logging in amazon rainforest 

Cattle ranching is the another leading cause of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.

WWF estimates that 27% – more than a quarter – of the Amazon  will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of amazon rainforest deforestation continues.

Effects of deforestation in amazon rainforest 

Wildlife habitat destruction due to deforestation will cause more deadly pandemics like coronavirus. Because when you cut down trees and remove the forest, you eliminate the natural environment of many species.

Millions of plant and animal species currently face extinction because of habitat loss.

34 million indigenous people live in the jungles of the Amazon and depend on its resources. Deforestation in the Amazon can be a major problem for these people.

Ways to stop deforestation in the Amazon

Deforestation in the Amazon is no longer an issue for individual countries to deal with alone. It requires an integrated policies and concrete actions to deal with this problem. 

Brazil government has to design and implement “zero net deforestation” plans, create awareness of the issues about deforestation, and recognize indigenous peoples and local communities’ rights.

President of Brazil Bolsonaro already authorized the deployment of armed forces to deter illegal loggers and combat deforestation and forest fires in the region. This measure may help in the short term to stop deforestation but is not a lasting solution.


The Amazon Rain Forest in Brazil is the largest tropical run forest in the world. It is also called the planet's lung because its vast forest releases oxygen and stores carbon dioxide (CO2). 

More than 20% of the world's oxygen is produced in the Amazon rainforest. Therefore, it is a matter of great concern that Amazon Forest is being destroyed day by day. we should think about this problem deeply. 

Thank you!!! 

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Water Pollution Essay Every Student Should Know About It

Water is a precious thing. without water We can not imagine our life. Water is very essential for human beings to live. We use water for drinking, bathing, irrigation and sanitation. We need clean water for these tasks.

Water Pollution Essay for students 3-6
Water Pollution Essay for students 3-6

But these days water has become polluted.  Many types of dirty elements have mixed in water.  Dirt, plastic, rotten-throat substances, disinfectants etc. have reduced the quality of water drastically.

Dirty water contains harmful germs that harm our health and also the entire Ecosystem. So, water pollution is becoming a major problem on the earth.

In this water pollution essay we will discuss the causes and effects of water pollution and how we can prevent it from happening.

We wrote this water pollution essay in easy wording. so that students between the ages of 6-15 can easily understand it.

Every child should know about water pollution because children are the future of our country. Our little efforts bring a huge change.

Introduction: what is water pollution?

 Water pollution results when pollutants are introduced into the water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. For instance, releasing treated wastewater into natural water bodies can cause degradation of aquatic ecosystems.

Water is an integral basis of human life. As we all know that all human beings and animals depend on water.

The contaminated waste coming out of the industries in the natural water sources is threatening human life. Due to increased industrialization  the problem of water pollution is being assumed day after day. Therefore, there is a need to look into this problem.

Causes of water pollution

Water pollution has many causes, The major cause of water pollution is human itself. We pollute water bodies through various activities such as, agricultural activities, industrial waste etc.In this water pollution essay we will cover major causes that are as-

Sources that cause water pollution can be divided into two categories:

1). Direct Sources
2). Indirect Sources

Direct Sources:-  Those sources are called direct Sources of Water Pollution which directly enter into the water and contaminate it. For instance,disposal of waste, plastic, the urban sewage, industrial waste, and Oil Spills in oceans, etc. 

Plastic, industrial waste and oil spill are direct sources of water pollution
Plastic, industrial waste and oil spill are direct sources of water pollution 

These are a major cause of water Pollution all across the world. Plastic is very dangerous for marine species. 

Indirect Sources:-  Indirect Sources can be chemical dump, fertilizers, pesticides, septic tanks, etc.contaminate the water indirectly. When these harmful chemicals are used on plants in the field,  the rain washes these chemicals and mixes them with soil. 

Pesticides, insecticides and other chemicals are indirect sources of water pollution
Pesticides, insecticides and other chemicals are indirect sources of water pollution 

Through soil, it reaches down to rivers, lakes and other water bodies, and that pollutes water.

Harmful Effects of Water Pollution?

Water pollution has adverse effects on human health and the environment. Drinking especially polluted water has led to many frightening diseases. Many infants end their lives with diseases like diarrhea, cholera. Its root cause is polluted drinking water. 

We should consider our responsibility for this and should be aware of various diseases like diarrhea, malaria, malaria and other diseases that result from impure water. 

There are much more harmful effects of water pollution which are as -

  • Effects of water pollution on human health 

Diseases:- when we drink polluted water. it has many harmful effects on our health. It can cause typhoid, hepatitis, cholera, and various other diseases. 80 percent of the world's diseases are caused by impure water. Many Children had lost their lives in developing countries due to the lack of potable water. 

  • Water pollution affects the food chain

Water pollution is highly affected the food chain. Disruption in food chains happens when toxins, pollutants and plastic  in the water are consumed by marine animals such as fish, shellfish etc. These pollutants get transferred when big animals eat small aquatic animals. Finally, these pollutants enter the human body when we consume fish in our meal. 

  • A Problem Of Eutrophication

 Various chemicals when entered into water bodies like ponds, lakes, rivers etc pollute the water. When these chemicals dissolve with water, it encourages the growth of algae. Further this algae covers the upper surface of the water bodies. Due to increase in the growth of algae causes the level of oxygen decreases in the water that affects the ecosystem of underwater.

  • Water Pollution is a threat for biodiversity.

Our ecosystem requires a balance for a healthy environment to live peacefully. Water pollution is a big environmental problem. It affects the entire balance of our ecosystem.
When the level of pollutants increased in the water bodies due to water pollution. Unfortunately, then the Marine animals like fishes,turtles die.

Solutions : How Can We Control and Prevent Water Pollution?

We can reduce the effects of water pollution by following some preventive measures. which are as follows-

  • Save water, preserve water.

Your most important step should be to save water. Wastage of Water is one of the major environmental issues worldwide. you can start saving water by making small changes in our daily life.
For Instance- Use a bucket while bathing instead of shower.
                        Turn off the taps while brushing your teeth

  • Use less pesticides, fertilizers and chemicals. 

You should try to use less pesticides and fertilizers for agricultural purposes to control water pollution. In the end, the chemical emit from these pesticides and fertilizers goes into water bodies causing water pollution.

The waste released from huge factories, industries should be disposed of in a proper way. Improper sewage disposal is also one of them. you should not leave your trash in the open around the beach. 

  • Use Eco-friendly products

You can use Eco-friendly households to minimize water pollution. such as bamboo toothbrushes. Using Eco-friendly products is a very good initiative to control water pollution. 

Long Story in short (Conclusion)

 Our life majorly depends on water. We have a fundamental right to drink potable water. but we all are helpless to drink polluted water because of our own habits. We can control this problem with our little efforts.

You can take initiative to take some helpful steps to reduce water pollution, such as by using less pesticides, using Eco-friendly detergents etc. You can also work in a group at your school to aware more people about water pollution, its causes, effects, and preventive measures.

I hope you like this essay (essay on water pollution) please share it with your friends. so that everyone can help to control water pollution. 

Thank you!!

Saturday, April 25, 2020

What are major Ocean Environmental Problems and solutions ?


Ocean environmental pollution is a major threat to the ocean ecosystem and marine life. The oceans cover about 70 percent of the earth's surface. Despite these vast areas, the world's oceans are in grave danger.
Human activities are a major threat to the health of the world's oceans. About 80% of marine pollution comes from land-based activities (trash and debris). From coral bleach to rising sea levels, marine environments are changing rapidly.

Marine Debris is a major problem ( flickr)
Marine Debris is a major problem 

Plastic and global warming greatly affect the marine animals. Around 8 million tons of garbage are dumped into the ocean every day. Due to Global warming the temperature of oceans increases and it is threatening many  marine species that cannot cope with higher temperatures. Overfishing has also become a serious problem for all over the world.

In this article we will discuss the major ocean environmental problems one by one in detail and try to find their solutions.

1). Plastic Pollution

Plastic pollution not only threatens human health, but is also harmful for Marine Species. Over 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year, half of which is used to make single-use items such as shopping bags, Disposal cups and plates, straws etc.

About eight million tons of plastic end up in oceans every year, and make up 80 percent of all marine debris from  surface water to deep-sea sediments.


As we know Plastic is a Non-Biodegradeable substance. In the ocean it is divided into small pieces called microplastic. Marine species ingest or are entangled by plastic waste, which causes severe injuries and deaths. so plastic is one of the major reasons for the extinction of marine species. (IUCN)

Have you Read - 

How does plastic harm the environment
Facts About Plastic Pollution (2019), Which you have to know

2). Overpopulation

The current population of the Earth is over 7.6 billion people and growing day by day. It could reach Eight billion by 2025. As the human population grows, the rate of extinction of species is increasing. because human beings are doing all illegal activities to fulfill their needs. such as, Over fishing, hunting and Poaching.

One more thing, A vast amount of the discarded waste of consumers also finds its way to the oceans which Causes deaths of marine species.

The demand of an unsustainable human population for large-scale terrestrial food production also affects the oceans in devastating ways. Marine fish provide 15% of all animal protein consumed by humans. Under this pressure - 15% of total Population (and growing every year) global fisheries are collapsing.

Lastly, overpopulation is a major threat for oceans and marine species.

3). Ocean temperature rise

Climate change is the main cause of rise in ocean temperature. Scientific reports  indicate that the Earth's atmosphere and ocean are warming day by day, and these changes are mainly due to greenhouse gases derived from human activities.

The Rise in ocean temperature is the cause of the killing of coral reefs across the planet. Coral reefs are home to the widest diversity of fish and plant species in the ocean, but rise in ocean temperature due to Climate change causing them stress.


4). Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification refers to a reduction in the pH of the ocean which is caused mainly by ingestion of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere.
 The concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere is increased due to the burning of fossil fuels, and other agricultural activities.
Oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the environment to maintain heat on the earth's surface.  but the excess amount of heat increases the ocean temperature. which lowers the pH, making oceans more acidic.

Ocean water is less acidic than fresh water. Normal ph of ocean water is 8.2 . But as the ocean absorbs more and more carbon dioxide(CO2) from the atmosphere, it becomes more acidic. Which is very harmful for marine species such as coral reefs, Algae and plankton etc, that  disturb the whole food chain.

The alkalinity of the oceans is very important in maintaining a balance needed for marine animals. If the ocean water is too acidic, the animals may not be able to make strong shells. ( Climatekids )

5). Unsustainable Aquaculture

Vigorous aquaculture at sea advocates the proliferation of pollutants in ocean water.

The production of marine fish, crustaceans and bivalves involves the use of antibiotics, pesticides and other chemicals.  one of them nitrogen-based wastes can negatively affect the marine ecosystem.

6). Invasive species in the ocean

Invasive species can lead to the extinction of native marine species, destroy biodiversity, and permanently alter habitats through both direct and indirect effects. Invasive species may negatively affect native marine species due to direct interactions like Predation and competition. For example, they can spread diseases in native species.This can cause native species to be  vulnerable.

Without  check and balances in invasive's new range, their population can increase dramatically in a short period of time. This growth may reduce habitat quality, lower biodiversity, and eventually impact fishery resources and protected marine species. (Invasive and Exotic Marine Species)

7).  High Levels of Mercury 

Excess mercury causes severe illness in humans and marine life. High levels of mercury can cause serious diseases. 
Mercury enters the environment through many routes and one of them enters the human body is through the ingestion of fish. As the temperature of the ocean rises the level of mercury in fish also increases. 
 As a result, the consumption of  the black scabbard fish and tuna should be regulated. 

8). Ocean habitat destruction

When marine environment or the ecological setup is unable to support marine species is called marine habitat loss or destruction. 

 Main causes of habitat destruction are climate change, land pollution, plastic pollution, unsustainable fishing, shipping impact etc. 

Habitat loss causes less oxygen construction in ocean water which is not able to support aquatic life. Animals such as whale, sharks depend on other aquatic ones for food. In the last marine habitat loss disturbs the food chain. 

9). Overfishing

Over fishing has some serious effects on our oceans. Overfishing is not only wipe out fish species but also responsible for the extinction of those species which directly or indirectly depend upon fishes for food.

10). Oil Spilling

Oil spills can be catastrophic to local marine species such as fish, birds and others. Oil spills make up about 12 percent of the oil that enters into the ocean. The other 88 percent come from shipping travel, drains and dumping.

As we all know that Oil cannot dissolve in water and forms a thick layer in the water. This sludge layer suffocates fish, gets caught in the feathers of marine birds. another major threat is that this oilly layer  blocks light from photosynthetic aquatic plants.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1). What does coral bleaching mean?

When ocean water is too warm, corals will expel the algae (zooxanthellae) living in their tissues causing the coral to turn completely white. This process is called coral bleaching.

2). What is the most toxic form of mercury?

Methylmercury  [CH3Hg] is the most toxic form. It affects the immune system, enzyme systems, alters genetic and damages the nervous system.

Ocean Pollution Solutions

  1.  We must reduce single-use plastic items, such as straws, plastic bags, plastic cups, cutlery etc. 
  2.  Proper waste management is must to save the oceans. As a solution an international aid programme should be established to develop waste management and recycling infrastructure. 
  3.  Goverenment must increase funds for clean up to solve the plastic problem.
  4.  Avoid Products Containing Microbeads (Tiny plastic particles). Microbeads are found in face scrubs, toothpastes, and bodywashes, and they readily enter our oceans through our sewerage systems, and affect marine species. 
  5.  Support those Organizations which are Addressing Plastic Pollution such as  Oceanic Society, Plastic Pollution Coalition, 5 Gyres, Plastic Soup Foundation, and others. 
  6. Reduce Carbon Emissions to stop ocean acidification which harm marine life.
  7. Do not buy jewelry or other items made from coral, tortoise shells, or other marine species. 
  8. Donate as much as possible to an organization that protects the ocean. such as Blue Ocean Society, Greenpeace, Ocean Conservancy etc. 


Oceans are boon for us. Because they absorb carbon dioxide from the environment which is important for the existence of human being on earth. so, we should take care of our oceans by changing our daily habits.

Thanks for Reading!

Thursday, March 26, 2020

How to spend time during coronavirus lock down

How to deal with exceptional events such as self-isolation, social distance, and a national lock down. 

Ways to use time wisely during coronavirus lock down
Ways to use time wisely during Coronavirus lock down

In times of crisis, people come together to share experiences, show solidarity and support one another. It is an important factor in avoiding the bad effects that these events for our mental health. The outbreak of the corona virus is different in that the advice to isolate yourself and distance yourself from others is just the opposite of what you as a human being in a crisis can do.

You are lucky enough to have time to spend on social media, the Internet and so on. At this point you do not think that this time will pass in some way.
This is true that time is a very precious thing in our life.
The Need of the hour is that we have to use this crisis time in a positive direction so that we can gain something new within 21 days. Take this time as a golden opportunity because then this time will not come back.

Sometimes we want to learn something new but we say that I have no time. I think this is a precious time to improve your personality.

Here are some tips for you which are helpful for you to improve yourself. 

1).  Learn New Hobbies 

Since childhood we have been surrounded by friends but now is the time to improve ourselves. Take this 21 days as a blessing. Try to learn something new these days that you wanted to learn from childhood but because of busy routine you could not learn that.
such as - learn new language, improve computer skills, fluency in English etc. 

2). Read Books 

Books can  keep all kinds of information, stories, thoughts and feelings unlike anything else in the world. Reading is a timeless form of entertainment and information. 

Time table to listen book summery during lock down
Time table to listen book summary during lock down

If you are not interested to read books.  You can listen book summery from GIGL app. Which helps you to improve yourself. 

Download gigl aap for book summery 

3). Make introvert yourself 

sometimes you see that there is common thing among all famous personalities is that their introvert nature. they love to spend time with themselves. so, give some time to yourself for self realization. set your goals for future.

4). Stay away from Television 

During this period media create panic environment among people by spreading fake news. So, please avoid television and make your time productive. 

5). Start a blog 

 Start write something new. If you want to share your writing content with friends and others. Then you can start your blog without any cost. This is a free platform to start career as a writer. 
You can choose any topic according to your interest. 

Here is some Guidance by india's famous blogger Harsh agarwal

Start a new blog step by step free of cost. 

6).  Spend some time with family

In our busy lives, it is easy to not spend as much time as we should with our family. But this is a golden period to spend time with family. 

  • Help your wife / mother in-house chores. 
  • Play some  games with children. 
  • Do exercise with family. 
  • Discuss plans for future. 

7). Improve skills related to your career 

 If you are a student or preparing for government exams then do not waste this waste just like holidays. This is a opportunity for you to lead others so make a proper time table to fulfill your dreams. 
Try to learn something new by joining online classes. 
Many channels provide best study materials online. 

8. Meditate

To stable your mind meditation is very important. It helps you to self realization. Wake up early in the morning at least before sunrise and enjoy the morning.

9).  Physical fitness

Physical fitness is important as much as mental health fitness. Give at least 20-30 minutes to your body for exercise. Do whatever you want. It includes yoga, warm up, cardio exercise, jumping, running etc.

 10).  Learn dance online

Dance is not only skill for enjoyment but also it is helpful to improve your physical fitness. So try to learn some basic steps by joining online free classes. Many courses are available on you tube. 

Stay at home, stay healthy,  save lives.

War against corona..... 

Thank you !!

Saturday, February 22, 2020

What are the different ways to live Eco-friendly

Earth Day reminds us of how blessed we are to live on such a wonderful, beautiful planet, and inspire all of us to live an environmentally friendly lifestyle. it's our responsibility to maintain the beauty of earth by using Eco-friendly products in limited extent. 

Different ways to live Eco-friendly

Different ways to live Eco-friendly
Different ways to live Eco-friendly

Here are some ideas and Ways that help us to live a little bit Eco-friendly at all times.

1). Turn off electrical appliances 

Energy  maintenance is one of the most important things you can do to reduce your carbon footprint. Leaving your electronics on standby uses unnecessary energy leave - let's hit the switch and you can see drastic improvements, most notably in your energy bills!
 Unplug the appliances you are not using, and you might be surprised at the cost savings on your next monthly energy  bill.

so, from now make habit to turn off all the electrical appliances when they are not working.  and another point is always keep in mind during buying any new electrical appliances is that invest in energy saving products. 

Turn off electrical appliances to live Eco-friendly
Turn off electrical appliances when they are not working 

2). Eat less meat

Being mindful of what you are using is meant to be more Environmentally friendly, and reducing the amount of meat you eat can have a lot of impact. Avoiding red meat - whether it's only two or three days a week - can have a significant impact on reducing your carbon footprint.

3). Recycle more 

Try to ask one question yourself that what are you recycling in daily life ?
Now if you do not have any idea that which thing can be recycled then answer is here, actually Almost anything can be recycled, from batteries, to paper, plastic, even vehicles.

Before throwing anything , just take a minute to think how it can be used again?

Recycle more to become Eco-friendly
Recycle more to become Eco-friendly 

4). Use less plastic

Cut down the use of plastic really helps you to become more Eco-friendly. Every person uses plastic in his daily routine because plastic is easily available at every place but if we do not reduce the use of plastic we have to face its harmful effects on our future. 
Giving up plastic isn’t as difficult as you might think – 
  • bring a reusable carry bag with you when you go shopping.
  • always carry a traveling water bottle with yourself.

use less plastic as much as possible to become Eco-friendly
use less plastic as much as possible to become Eco-friendly  

5). Use Eco-friendly cleaning products

A lot of cleaning products have harmful chemicals in them that aren’t environmentally friendly. In fact, repeated exposure to these cleaning products can affect your health as well as the environment. Green cleaning products use more natural and organic methods of cleaning which are far less harmful. Many items you already have around the house, such as baking soda and white vinegar, can be used to tackle most cleaning jobs with ease.

6). Use LED light bulbs

Not only do LED light bulbs last longer than conventional light bulbs, they are far more efficient.No doubt  LED light bulbs may cost more initially, but they will save your money in the long run due to their extreme energy efficiency, and you will no need to replace them frequently.
Apart from this, LED bulbs are available in a range of brightness and designs so that you can select them according to your choice.

Use energy efficient LED lights
Use energy efficient LED lights 

7). Buy local products and Food 

 From clothes to food, always buy these from local markets. it helps to reduce the carbon footprint because of less transportation. Not only that, but you will be supporting the local economy of your country which means that in time you’ll likely have even more local items to choose from.

8).  Make habit of more compost 

If the amount of wastage food in your kitchen is high then you need to keep it in the bin of compost, rather than in the dustbin. Not only will it help to create a natural fertilizer and keep your garden green, it will also reduce the amount of waste going into the landfill - and as it will not be toxic, no methane gas will be produced.

Also Check -   What is waste management, types and its  importance? 

9). Grow your own food

If you are making compost in an effort to be Eco-friendlier, why not use it to make a healthy garden grow? Growing your own vegetables can cut way down on your grocery bill, and it also help you to lead a healthier life.Growing your own vegetables  are not just a good way to save money, it is also a great way to cut down your carbon footprint and be Eco-friendly.

Grow chemical free vegetables at home
Grow chemical free vegetables at home 

10). Plant more trees

Ecological sustainability is very essential when it comes to Eco-friendly living. Without a stable ecosystem, things start to fall apart. Making sure that we are planting more trees to protect the environment and improve air quality.

Plant more trees to make environment clean
Plant more trees to make environment clean 


we shared different methods to become Eco-friendly with all of you . now it's your responsibility to use them and protect our precious planet and environment. 
if you have any other way please share with us . we will update it. 

Thanks a lot !!!  for your precious Time. 

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Different Types of Environmental Pollution

When pollutants enter the environment, which cause harmful effects not only for the living organism but also for the environment, it is called environmental pollution. These pollutants can be present in any form, such as substances  (liquid, gas, solid) and energy ( heat, light, radiation, noise) in the environment,but excess amount of these substances causes environmental deterioration. In other words, Pollutants are commonly called pollutants because they contaminate and alter the natural environment.

Now we will discuss each type of detail and try to find out solution ta tackle with these problems 

Different types of environmental pollution
Different types of environmental pollution 

Types of Environmental Pollution

1). Air pollution 

Air pollution is one of the major types of environmental pollution that can have a very detrimental effect on humanity and the environment.  With the increase of urbanization and industrialization, the rate of air pollution is increasing day by day.
Air pollution can be caused by both human and natural activities. 
It includes various types of harmful toxins such as NO, SO2, CO2, methane, hydrocarbon, dust etc. 

Toxic chemicals of air pollution
Toxic chemicals of air pollution 

For instance- Emission of harmful substances from industries and factories which cause air pollution is human activity. 

On the hand side massive fire in forest is example of natural activity. 

Read more about Amazon fire in Brazil 

Air pollution causes many health problems such as,  lung cancer, asthma, heart attack etc. 

Here are some statistics about air pollution - 

Air Pollution causes over 2 million deaths due to heart disease every year. its a major Environmental risk to health. 

Also check - what is air pollution and its causes and solution 

2). Water pollution 

Water is considered to be the second most polluted environmental source after air pollution.

Water is our basic need of our life.We can't even think our lives without water, but on the other hand side it's also a matter of concern if we drink polluted water it mean we welcome the health hazardous problems. unfortunately waterways such as rivers, oceans, lakes, underground water, are being polluted day by day at an alarming rate. Water gets polluted when harmful chemicals, industrial residues, fertilizers, etc. are entered in it. 

industrial waste  drainage into rivers
industrial waste  drainage into rivers 

The increased  use of non- biodegradable materials and especially the use of plastics causes  water pollution.  Plastic materials such as carry bags, plastic straws, bottles, etc. are chocking our drains and harmed marine and aquatic life.

Read more - How does plastic harm the environment?

Various initiatives are being taken by different countries  to tackle water pollution around the world.
I think so it is responsibility of every person who is really concerned for our planet. 

3).  Land pollution 

When the quality of the earth's surface decreases, it is called earth pollution. 
Many times, this happens directly and indirectly due to human activity and abuse of ground resources.
 Human activity mainly causes soil pollution.  
Land pollution occurs when litter and garbage are not properly disposed of, thus introducing toxic substances and chemicals to the land.
The main causes of land pollution include rapid construction, mineral exploitation, acid rain, chemicals used in agriculture and so on.  Land pollution ultimately hinders the health of living organisms.

4). Noise Pollution 

Noise pollution is mostly an unwanted sound that causes severe discomfort to the ears.
Sound pollution is measured in decibels (dB)
When the intensity of the sound exceeds 85 dB, it causes us both mental and physical distress.Sound levels greater than 100 dB can cause permanent hearing loss, and noise of around 90 dB can cause hearing impairment.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the industrial volume limit is 75 dB.

noise pollution is  very harmful for human being
noise pollution is  very harmful for human being 

Noise pollution causes hypertension, blood pressure problems, increased stress levels, anxiety Etc.. There are several causes of noise pollution such as loudspeaker, disco, wedding procession, industrial noise, etc.
We must take the necessary measures to prevent the environment from noise pollution. 
 For instance -
  •  Don't use earplugs at maximum limit because it may damage your hearing power permanent. 
  • stop using loudspeakers late at night, 
  • strictly follow the noise pollution limits, at sensitive noise zones like hospitals and schools etc. 

5). Soil pollution 

Soil pollution occurs when unwanted toxic chemicals are added to the soil.
The pesticides and insecticides used for agriculture make the soil inert by absorbing nutrients.  Deforestation is also one of the major causes of soil pollution.
Soil erosion also contributes to soil pollution, and it is due to excessive grazing, over-farming, or mining activities.  Major causes of soil pollution include agricultural activities, landfills, industrial activities, mining, and acid rain.
Soil pollution is deteriorating the surface of the earth, and hence the environment being contaminated.

6). Light Pollution 

Light pollution is also referred to as  photo pollution or  luminous pollution . 
It is caused by prolonged exposure and excessive use of artificial lights, as a result of brightening the night sky. As a result, it upsets the activities and natural cycle of wildlife and also affects the well-being of humans. Whenever artificial lights are used where they are not intended, this causes a disturbance.
Light pollution is mainly seen in metropolitan and busy cities.

7).  Thermal pollution

The release of too much heat into the environment is called thermal pollution. The main causes of thermal pollution are industries or factories and vehicles. Excessive heat released from factories and vehicles can cause unwanted changes in nature.

Thermal environmental pollution
Thermal environmental pollution 

 Thermal pollution is also polluting water resources on the surface of the earth. Usually, this happens when factories and industries perform activities that suddenly reduce or increase temperature of water bodies, which may include seas or oceans, lakes, rivers. In short, thermal pollution is a major  cause of water pollution. Thermal pollution is increasing the temperature of the earth day by  day and is ultimately causing climate change, global warming, the destruction of wildlife.

Also Check - what is Climate Change (Definition, Causes,Effects,Actions and solutions )

8). Industrial Pollution

Industrial  pollution is also one of the leading environmental pollution.
When industrial waste, chemicals, toxic substances, pollutants, etc. are releasing into the atmosphere through air, water and land, it causes industrial pollution.

Industrial  pollution
Industrial  pollution

 Air is polluted by industrial fumes, and  water is polluted by the drainage of contaminated water (that is wastage of factories), and waste from the industries is dumped into the landfills, which pollutes the environment. 
This Type of pollution can cause imbalances in the ecosystem, impede the health of plants, animals and humans, and disturb the environment of water resources also. 

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