Wednesday, October 9, 2019

Gender Equality and Women's empowerment: SDG5

nowadays, everyone speaks about Gender Equality and Women's empowerment. but still, 1 in 3 that mean 35% of women have experienced physical or sexual violence.

While in early 21st century,the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment but still many women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in all over the world. 

gender equality and women’s empowerment
gender equality and women’s empowerment

Before we go any further, let's take a look at some facts and figures of gender inequality.

  • Worldwide, 750 million girls were married before the age of 18.
  • About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years give birth each year in developing regions.
  • 1 in 3 that mean 35% of women have experienced physical or sexual violence.
  • Only 52% of women married or in a union freely make their own decisions about sexual relations, contraceptive use and health care.
  • Worldwide, women are just 13% of agricultural land holders.
  • In 39 countries, daughters and sons do not have equal inheritance rights.
  • In 18 countries, husbands can legally prevent their wives from working at public place. 

We will now discuss in detail what the issue is this and why women are facing discrimination. What steps the government and international organizations have taken to address gender equality.

Gender equality:- 

                                         Gender equality means that men and women have equal power and equal opportunities for financial independence, personal development, and education. 

Forms of Gender discrimination:- 

 There are many ways in which a woman is discriminated against. Some of his examples are as follows.

Discrimination with a woman occurs from birth to her last breath.

  • Inequality in Family 
  • Basic Facility inequality
  • Ownership inequality
  • Professional or educational inequality
  • Special opportunity inequality
  • cultural inequality

Causes of Gender inequality 

Main cause of Gender inequality is culture's backwardness. Cultural backwardness is an inconsistency that arises due to a human not being able to adapt to his rapid physical development. Which later comes out through his behavior and emotions.

  • Patriarchy :- It has a patriarchal system that is basically responsible for gender inequality in Indian society. According to the famous sociologist Sylvia Walby, "patriarchalism is the system of social structure in which women are opposed, exploited and dominated by men."

  • Lack of Education and extreme poverty :-  Another major cause of gender inequality is lack of education. Although the world is making progress in achieving gender parity in education, girls still make up a higher percentage of out-of-school children than boys. Approximately one quarter of girls in the developing world do not attend school. Typically, families with limited means who cannot afford costs such as school fees, uniforms, and supplies for all of their children will prioritize education for their sons.  Families may also rely on girls' labor for household chores, carrying water, and childcare, leaving limited time for schooling. Educating the daughter of the house, unfortunately even today is considered a loss deal because one day she has to get married and go to another house.

The saddest among all these things is that women too have accepted themselves as subordinate to men and have considered themselves to be of secondary status. 

Benefits of Gender Equality for future  

The population of countries like India is increasing day by day due to which the government is working hard to provide food for every human being. The main reason for this is the lack of education among women.

1. Prioritizing girls' education probably gives the largest return on investment in developing countries.

 A well-educated girl is do everything such as:-
  • she more likely to postpone her marriage
  •  Nurture a small family
  •  Raise healthy children 
  • send her children to school. 

Apart from this she has more opportunities to earn income and participate in political processes.

2. Women's health and safety is another important area. HIV/AIDS is becoming an increasingly impactful issue for women. These all issues are raised because of lack of education. 

Maternal health is also an issue of specific concern. In many countries, women have limited access to prenatal and infant care, and are more likely to experience complications during pregnancy and childbirth. This is a critical concern in countries where girls marry and have children before they are ready (married before 18). Quality maternal health care can provide an important entry point for information and services that empower mothers as informed decision-makers concerning their own health and the health of their children.

Need of the Hour 

Since gender inequality constitutes one of the history’s most persistent and widespread forms of injustice. it's time to change the thinking of everyone towards the status of women in our society. 

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but also necessary foundation for a peaceful and sustainable world.

so, for this united nation made sustainable development goal 5. 

why is sustainable development goal 5 important? 

Goal 5 aims to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women  and to undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources and access to ownership of property.

Equal access to education, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision making processes are not only rights women should have, they benefit humanity at large. By investing in the empowerment of women, we not only make progress on SDG 5 of the Sustainable Development Goals, but we also make gains on the alleviation of poverty and fuel sustainable economic growth.

SDGoal 5 gender equality
                       SDGoal 5 gender equality 

Target of SDG 5 (sustainable development goal)

 1. End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

2. Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

3. Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation

4. Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

5. Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision  making in political, economic and public life

6. Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

7. Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
8. Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women

9. Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.

Goal 5 and India

India is on track to achieve parity at all education levels. 
Following initiatives are already running by Indian government for women. 

 1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao yogana- For equal opportunity in education for girls . 
 2. Sukanya Samridhi Yojana- For girl child prosperity
 3. Janani Suraksha Yojana- For the pregnant women to reduce mortality rate. 

 India is also confronting the challenge of violence against women. Government of India has identified ending violence against women as a key national priority, which resonates with the Sustainable Development targets of the United Nations on gender equality.

Voice of Malala Yousafzai 

Nobel prize winner malala yousafzai (social activist) doing great work to empowering women. because she thinks that education is a powerful weapon to change any circumstances. 
she emphasis on that education for girls is most important. 

Famous quotes of Malala yousafzai 

we realize the importance of light when we see darkness We realize the importance of our voice when we are silenced we realized the importance of pens and books when we saw the guns. 

Malala yousafzai fight for women rights (Gender Equality and Women's empowerment)
Malala yousafzai fight for women rights
( Gender Equality and Women's empowerment)

"One child, one teacher, one pen and one book can change the world"


Many such provisions will be made in the coming time for Gender Equality and Women's empowerment , strict laws will continue to be implemented, but in reality the change will only come when the mindset of men and society about women will start to change.

When a man does not consider a woman to be under him, he will give her equal status and respect. And mental changes will not only come in men, but women also have to come forward for their rights, they will have to raise their voice and protest against the evils indulged in this patriarchal system.

In ancient times, someone well said that " Behind every successful man Is a strong woman holding him up"

Respect for woman Gender Equality
Respect for woman ( Gender Equality)

Dear friends, now it’s time to speak up for Gender Equality and Women's empowerment ... We will speak for our rights and we will bring change through our voice. Our words can change the world.

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Author & Editor

ex science student


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