Friday, September 13, 2019

Sustainable development goals 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change (global issue) and it's impacts.

SDG 13- Take immediate action to combat climate change. 

sustainable development goals 13 climate action
sustainable development goals 13 climate action 

The challenge of Sdg 13 

The climate of the earth is changing which have a serious impact on our daily lives.  People have to experience the changing form of weather, rising sea level and harsh weather.
 Due to this climate change, greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are increasing. The emission of greenhouse gases is at the highest level in history today. Since 1880, the world temperature increased by an average of 0.85 °C (1.33°F) over the last century{Source- Down to Earth :climate change} 

Must Read- what is climate change it's causes and effects 

 Every one degree increase in temperature reduces the yield of grains by about 5%. Between 1981 and 2002, yields of maize, wheat and other major crops declined by 40 megatons per year. From 1901 to 2010 the level of seawater in the world increased by an average of 19 centimeters as the warming temperatures and melting of ice led to the expansion of the oceans.
 Global emissions of carbon dioxide have increased by almost 50% since 1990.
So, overall Climate change is tearing down national economies.

Read Now - How climate change is increased the risk of flooding ?

What is SDG 13 climate action?

The SDgoal aims to mobilize US$100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries to adapt to climate change and invest in low-carbon development.

Why is SDG 13 important?

If no action was taken, it is estimated that the average surface temperature in the world will increase in the 21st century and this rise will be 9°F higher by the end of the century.{source- Climate Change in the 21st Century} 
Scientists predict that sea level could rise another 8 inches to 6.5 feet by the end of the century. It has the most adverse effect on the poorest and most helpless people.Apart from this, Climate change also increases Natural disasters, heavy rainfall, hurricanes,droughts and coping with them is essential for protecting our lives and the well-being of future generations.

An objective of SDG 13 

1. Strengthen the capacity to tolerate and adapt to climate hazards and natural disasters in all countries.
2. To incorporate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning process.
3. Improve human and institutional capacity, education and awareness generation to mitigate the impact of climate change, and to provide early warning.
4. To implement the resolutions of the developed countries related to the United Nations Climate Change Framework Conference to raise US $ 100 billion per year by 2020 from all sources, to take meaningful action to reduce climate change and transparency in its implementation To cater  the needs of developing countries.

Must Read-  To Achieve target of goal 13 what we can do to reduce climate change ?

5. Encourage effective climate change-related mechanisms in the least developed countries and small island developing countries to focus on women, youth and local and marginalized communities.

6. Recognizing that the United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change is an international, inter-governmental forum for dialogue on global action about climate change.

India and Goal 13

India is the 3rd highest emitter of CO2 and is accounted for 7% of global carbon emissions.The United States, the largest emitter, was responsible for 14%.
However, the emissions intensity of India’s Gross Domestic Product reduced by 12% between 2005 and 2010.
In October 2015, India made a commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25% compared to 2005 levels by 2020 and by 33-35% by 2030.{source- India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5%} India has also committed to having 40 per cent  of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. 
At present, India has an installed power-generation capacity of 357,875 MW, of which around 22 per cent  or 80,000 MW is generated through clean energy projects such as  wind and solar. With addition of large hydro projects to clean energy segment, India is poised to have 225 gigawatt (GW) of renewable energy by 2022.

Progress of Goal 13 

Climate change is now affecting every country all over the world because of rising greenhouse gas emissions. 

To strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, countries adopted the Paris Agreement at the COP21 in Paris.  In the agreement, all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees centigrade. As of April 2018, 175 parties had ratified the Paris Agreement and 10 developing countries had submitted their first iteration of their national adaptation plans for responding to climate change.

  • As at 20 May 2019, twenty eight countries had accessed Green Climate Fund grant financing for the formulation of national adaptation plans and other adaptation planning processes, with a value of $75 million. Of these, 67% were for least developed countries, small island developing States and African States. Proposals from an additional 7 countries, with a value of $17 million, are in the final stage of approval. In total, seventy five countries are seeking support from the Green Climate Fund for national adaptation plans and other adaptation planning processes, with a combined value of $191 million.{ Source: Report  of the Secretary-General,  Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals }

The UN Climate Action Summit (2019) is being held on 23 September in new York with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, along with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45% over the next 10 years, and to net zero emissions by 2050, according to information available on the UN website.

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