Monday, September 30, 2019

Single Use plastic Ban: it's time to use its alternatives.

India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic to make india free from single use plastic by 2020.

  On the occasion of India’s Independence Day (15 August),  Prime Minister Narendra Modi  had appealed to the nation to stop the use of single-use plastic to achieve our goal to make India free from single use plastic by 2022.


India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019
India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019


India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019, on the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. As per reports, six items will be banned  including plastic bags, straws, cups, plates, small bottles and certain types of sachets.

The ban will also cover manufacturing, usage and import of single use plastic items. The campaign is a part of the central government’s ongoing Swatch Bharat Mission.

content:-

  • what is single use plastic?
  • why plastic is being banned?
  • how much plastic each Indian use annually ?
  • how much plastic waste comes in India from foreign countries?
  • which methods are used to dispose plastic waste and why they do not work??
  • what are the replacements of plastic bags?
  • General public should be aware about the harmful effects of single use plastic


Let us now understand what is single-use plastic and why is it being banned.



Single Use Plastic -  In simple words those things which are just one time used and thrown. 

Single-use plastic items -  The single-use plastic items include plastic bags, water bottles, plastic plates, cups, soda bottles, straws, most food packaging and coffee stirrers and many  more.. 


must Read- How plastic harm the environment?


Why is single-use plastic being banned?

As we know that, nowadays  climate change and the environment becoming a growing global concern, plastic pollution and waste management of plastics has become a major topic of concern.

In all over world,Millions of tons of plastic is being produced every year. whereas only In India, about 25,940 tons of  plastic wastes are collected every day. only 60% of which is recycled. The rest of the waste goes into the sea via rivers or is eaten by stray animals that cause their death.

Most plastics are non biodegradable and, over time, this plastic breaks down into small pieces  and releases toxic chemicals into the water reservoir, which in turn makes its way into the food chain and effects our body. 


Each Indian uses 11kg of plastic annually. 

According to FICCI's 2017 report, every Indian uses 11 kilograms of plastic annually. It is 10 times more commonly used in the United States. Therefore, every american uses 109 kilos of plastic annually.
Due to India's population, about 5.5 lac plastic waste is dumped in the sea.

Accordingly, to Nature communication's report 2017 annually 1.10 lac tonnes of plastic waste is dumped into the Bay of Bengal from the Ganges.  According to one estimate, 80 million tons of plastic annually goes into the ocean. If It is not controlled then By 2050 the plastic will be more in sea than fish. 

Also read- Facts about plastic pollution 

Over 1.5 million tons of plastic waste comes from overseas

Every year more than 1.5 lac tonnes of Plastic waste comes  in India from foreign countries.  1.81 lac tonnes of plastic waste was imported in 2017-18 and 2.18 lac tonnes in 2018-19.
In addition, 19,305 tonnes of plastic waste has already arrived in India till April 2019.


There are many recycling units throughout the country, where there is a non-official plastic recycle. But the bulk of the plastic is not recycled which damages the environment.


Plastic waste disposal methods do not work


 Three measures have been adopted to dispose of plastic waste.

1.Usually filled in a plastic pit, because plastic never burns.

2. As a second remedy it is burned, but this method is very polluting. Plastic equipment usually emits carbon dioxide gas. For example, on burning  polystyrene releases chlorofluorocarbons, which are harmful to the ozone layer of the environment. Likewise, poisonous gases such as chlorine, nylon, and polygranium, and nitric oxide are emitted upon burning polyvinyl chloride.

 3. The third and most discussed method of plastic disposal is the recycling of plastics. Recycling means recycling plastic and recreating new plastic products. Plastic Recycling was first started in 1970 by a California firm. Plastic recycling is rarely done. because the cost of recycling plastic is very high. 



What are the plastic bag replacements?



 The whole world is shocked by the use of plastic bags and the damage it causes. As a replacement for plastic bags, clothes, jute and paper bags are being replaced. However, using paper bags may not be the best option as such bags are not strong and durable and they produce carbon in the process of decaying.
 Not only that, wood will be needed to make these paper bags and the wood will need to be cut down the trees. and the cutting of the tree may not be environmentally friendly in any case.

To tackle this problem, the European Commission is considering launching plastic bags that are biologically exhausted so as not to cause any harm to the environment.
But the bag made from maize produces methane gas on decomposing. which causes global warming. In the wake of this effort, a British company claims to have made plastic bags that can be automatically destroyed within 18 months. Until then, using clothes and jute bags is the right choice.


 Although clothing and jute bags are strong and durable,but they are not cheap. In such a situation, it is possible to prevent these problems over time if awareness of the harm caused by the use of plastic bags is brought to light. Hope you are ready to contribute so much to the environment and the world.

Also Read- ways to reduce plastic pollution 


The general public should be aware about the effects of single use plastic. 


The country consumes over 170 million tonnes of plastic annually. With its increasing use, human life is at stake. There is a need for the general public to be aware, although this plastic has become a necessity for every human being, but there is nothing better than life.
 Therefore, the government as well as the general public will have to be aware that where we do not need plastic, we can stop using it. For example, instead of eating with a plastic spoon, eat with a steel spoon.

 These days, alternatives to single use of plastic such as bottles, straws and glasses are being introduced in the market. Jute bags, bowls made from leaves of trees, small plates etc... can reduce the use of  plastic. Marriage - At weddings, big parties, if people are going to use their alternatives instead of single-use plastic, it will probably help to keep the environment safe and healthy.


Become aware, protect the environment and make other people aware of the damage from single use plastic.

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elonjeevan

Author & Editor

ex science student

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