Monday, September 30, 2019

Single Use plastic Ban: it's time to use its alternatives.

elonjeevan
  On the occasion of India’s Independence Day (15 August),  Prime Minister Narendra Modi  had appealed to the nation to stop the use of single-use plastic to achieve our goal to make India free from single use plastic by 2022.


India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019
India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019


India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019, on the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. As per reports, six items will be banned  including plastic bags, straws, cups, plates, small bottles and certain types of sachets.

The ban will also cover manufacturing, usage and import of single use plastic items. The campaign is a part of the central government’s ongoing Swatch Bharat Mission.

content:-

  • what is single use plastic?
  • why plastic is being banned?
  • how much plastic each Indian use annually ?
  • how much plastic waste comes in India from foreign countries?
  • which methods are used to dispose plastic waste and why they do not work??
  • what are the replacements of plastic bags?
  • General public should be aware about the harmful effects of single use plastic


Let us now understand what is single-use plastic and why is it being banned.



Single Use Plastic -  In simple words those things which are just one time used and thrown. 

Single-use plastic items -  The single-use plastic items include plastic bags, water bottles, plastic plates, cups, soda bottles, straws, most food packaging and coffee stirrers and many  more.. 


must Read- How plastic harm the environment?


Why is single-use plastic being banned?

As we know that, nowadays  climate change and the environment becoming a growing global concern, plastic pollution and waste management of plastics has become a major topic of concern.

In all over world,Millions of tons of plastic is being produced every year. whereas only In India, about 25,940 tons of  plastic wastes are collected every day. only 60% of which is recycled. The rest of the waste goes into the sea via rivers or is eaten by stray animals that cause their death.

Most plastics are non biodegradable and, over time, this plastic breaks down into small pieces  and releases toxic chemicals into the water reservoir, which in turn makes its way into the food chain and effects our body. 


Each Indian uses 11kg of plastic annually. 

According to FICCI's 2017 report, every Indian uses 11 kilograms of plastic annually. It is 10 times more commonly used in the United States. Therefore, every american uses 109 kilos of plastic annually.
Due to India's population, about 5.5 lac plastic waste is dumped in the sea.

Accordingly, to Nature communication's report 2017 annually 1.10 lac tonnes of plastic waste is dumped into the Bay of Bengal from the Ganges.  According to one estimate, 80 million tons of plastic annually goes into the ocean. If It is not controlled then By 2050 the plastic will be more in sea than fish. 

Also read- Facts about plastic pollution 

Over 1.5 million tons of plastic waste comes from overseas

Every year more than 1.5 lac tonnes of Plastic waste comes  in India from foreign countries.  1.81 lac tonnes of plastic waste was imported in 2017-18 and 2.18 lac tonnes in 2018-19.
In addition, 19,305 tonnes of plastic waste has already arrived in India till April 2019.


There are many recycling units throughout the country, where there is a non-official plastic recycle. But the bulk of the plastic is not recycled which damages the environment.


Plastic waste disposal methods do not work


 Three measures have been adopted to dispose of plastic waste.

1.Usually filled in a plastic pit, because plastic never burns.

2. As a second remedy it is burned, but this method is very polluting. Plastic equipment usually emits carbon dioxide gas. For example, on burning  polystyrene releases chlorofluorocarbons, which are harmful to the ozone layer of the environment. Likewise, poisonous gases such as chlorine, nylon, and polygranium, and nitric oxide are emitted upon burning polyvinyl chloride.

 3. The third and most discussed method of plastic disposal is the recycling of plastics. Recycling means recycling plastic and recreating new plastic products. Plastic Recycling was first started in 1970 by a California firm. Plastic recycling is rarely done. because the cost of recycling plastic is very high. 



What are the plastic bag replacements?



 The whole world is shocked by the use of plastic bags and the damage it causes. As a replacement for plastic bags, clothes, jute and paper bags are being replaced. However, using paper bags may not be the best option as such bags are not strong and durable and they produce carbon in the process of decaying.
 Not only that, wood will be needed to make these paper bags and the wood will need to be cut down the trees. and the cutting of the tree may not be environmentally friendly in any case.

To tackle this problem, the European Commission is considering launching plastic bags that are biologically exhausted so as not to cause any harm to the environment.
But the bag made from maize produces methane gas on decomposing. which causes global warming. In the wake of this effort, a British company claims to have made plastic bags that can be automatically destroyed within 18 months. Until then, using clothes and jute bags is the right choice.


 Although clothing and jute bags are strong and durable,but they are not cheap. In such a situation, it is possible to prevent these problems over time if awareness of the harm caused by the use of plastic bags is brought to light. Hope you are ready to contribute so much to the environment and the world.

Also Read- ways to reduce plastic pollution 


The general public should be aware about the effects of single use plastic. 


The country consumes over 170 million tonnes of plastic annually. With its increasing use, human life is at stake. There is a need for the general public to be aware, although this plastic has become a necessity for every human being, but there is nothing better than life.
 Therefore, the government as well as the general public will have to be aware that where we do not need plastic, we can stop using it. For example, instead of eating with a plastic spoon, eat with a steel spoon.

 These days, alternatives to single use of plastic such as bottles, straws and glasses are being introduced in the market. Jute bags, bowls made from leaves of trees, small plates etc... can reduce the use of  plastic. Marriage - At weddings, big parties, if people are going to use their alternatives instead of single-use plastic, it will probably help to keep the environment safe and healthy.


Become aware, protect the environment and make other people aware of the damage from single use plastic.

Don't forget to share this post.. 

Friday, September 13, 2019

Sustainable development goals 13

elonjeevan

SDG 13- Take immediate action to combat climate change. 

sustainable development goals 13 climate action
sustainable development goals 13 climate action 


The challenge of Sdg 13 


The climate of the earth is changing which have a serious impact on our daily lives.  People have to experience the changing form of weather, rising sea level and harsh weather.
 Due to this climate change, greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are increasing. The emission of greenhouse gases is at the highest level in history today. Since 1880, the world temperature increased by an average of 0.85 °C (1.33°F) over the last century{Source- Down to Earth :climate change} 

Must Read- what is climate change it's causes and effects 

 Every one degree increase in temperature reduces the yield of grains by about 5%. Between 1981 and 2002, yields of maize, wheat and other major crops declined by 40 megatons per year. From 1901 to 2010 the level of seawater in the world increased by an average of 19 centimeters as the warming temperatures and melting of ice led to the expansion of the oceans.
 Global emissions of carbon dioxide have increased by almost 50% since 1990.
So, overall Climate change is tearing down national economies.

Read Now - How climate change is increased the risk of flooding ?

What is SDG 13 climate action?


The SDgoal aims to mobilize US$100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries to adapt to climate change and invest in low-carbon development.


Why is SDG 13 important?

If no action was taken, it is estimated that the average surface temperature in the world will increase in the 21st century and this rise will be 9°F higher by the end of the century.{source- Climate Change in the 21st Century} 
Scientists predict that sea level could rise another 8 inches to 6.5 feet by the end of the century. It has the most adverse effect on the poorest and most helpless people.Apart from this, Climate change also increases Natural disasters, heavy rainfall, hurricanes,droughts and coping with them is essential for protecting our lives and the well-being of future generations.



An objective of SDG 13 



1. Strengthen the capacity to tolerate and adapt to climate hazards and natural disasters in all countries.
2. To incorporate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning process.
3. Improve human and institutional capacity, education and awareness generation to mitigate the impact of climate change, and to provide early warning.
4. To implement the resolutions of the developed countries related to the United Nations Climate Change Framework Conference to raise US $ 100 billion per year by 2020 from all sources, to take meaningful action to reduce climate change and transparency in its implementation To cater  the needs of developing countries.

Must Read-  To Achieve target of goal 13 what we can do to reduce climate change ?

5. Encourage effective climate change-related mechanisms in the least developed countries and small island developing countries to focus on women, youth and local and marginalized communities.

6. Recognizing that the United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change is an international, inter-governmental forum for dialogue on global action about climate change.



India and Goal 13

India is the 3rd highest emitter of CO2 and is accounted for 7% of global carbon emissions.The United States, the largest emitter, was responsible for 14%.
However, the emissions intensity of India’s Gross Domestic Product reduced by 12% between 2005 and 2010.
In October 2015, India made a commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25% compared to 2005 levels by 2020 and by 33-35% by 2030.{source- India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5%} India has also committed to having 40 per cent  of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. 
At present, India has an installed power-generation capacity of 357,875 MW, of which around 22 per cent  or 80,000 MW is generated through clean energy projects such as  wind and solar. With addition of large hydro projects to clean energy segment, India is poised to have 225 gigawatt (GW) of renewable energy by 2022.


Progress of Goal 13 


Climate change is now affecting every country all over the world because of rising greenhouse gas emissions. 

To strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, countries adopted the Paris Agreement at the COP21 in Paris.  In the agreement, all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees centigrade. As of April 2018, 175 parties had ratified the Paris Agreement and 10 developing countries had submitted their first iteration of their national adaptation plans for responding to climate change.

  • As at 20 May 2019, twenty eight countries had accessed Green Climate Fund grant financing for the formulation of national adaptation plans and other adaptation planning processes, with a value of $75 million. Of these, 67% were for least developed countries, small island developing States and African States. Proposals from an additional 7 countries, with a value of $17 million, are in the final stage of approval. In total, seventy five countries are seeking support from the Green Climate Fund for national adaptation plans and other adaptation planning processes, with a combined value of $191 million.{ Source: Report  of the Secretary-General,  Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals }

The UN Climate Action Summit (2019) is being held on 23 September in new York with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, along with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45% over the next 10 years, and to net zero emissions by 2050, according to information available on the UN website.