Sunday, July 28, 2019

Facts About Plastic Pollution (2020), Which you have to know

elonjeevan

No doubt plastic plays an important role in our life because it is a cheap and an affordable product for everyone. But do you know some shocking Facts about plastic pollution?


 In 1950, the world's population of 2.5 billion produced 1.5 million tons of plastic waste; in 2020, a global population of more than 7.8 billion people produced over 400 million tons of plastic. Every year approximately more than 8 million pieces of plastic are dumped into oceans.


What is Plastic?


Plastic is mainly made from synthetic resins emitted from petroleum substances. Plastic contains molecules of chlorine, fluorine, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen etc.

What is Plastic Pollution?


 Plastics collected on the ground or in water are called plastic pollution, which has a bad effect on the lives of birds, animals and Humans. Plastic pollution has a dangerous effect on humans and habitat of animals. 

Plastic pollution affects the Earth, Air, Waterways and seas. Plastic is very dangerous for the environment. Everyone should know that how does plastic harm our environment. 


PLASTIC POLLUTION FACTS-

Plastic is a valuable resource in many ways, but plastic pollution is an unnecessary and unsafe residue of that source. Here are some lesser-known facts about plastic pollution which you have to know:


1). Worldwide About 2 million Plastic bags are used every minute.


Annually approximately 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. And about Two million single use plastic bags are used every minute.

It seems like an unbelievable number but this report is given by EcoWatch 

In an effort to reduce unnecessary waste of plastic, some countries have placed bans on plastic bags and the results are also seen.



countries which are really concerned about plastic pollution ban plastic bags
countries which are really concerned about plastic pollution ban plastic bags 



The ban on plastic sacks has already proven very effective. In the UK, for example, the introduction of a 5p plastic bag charge launched in 2015 has reduced plastic bag use by 85%. (According to The Guardian report). 

Recently, On July 20th, 2019  Panama became the latest Country to ban single-use plastic bags.

You can see how many single use plastic bags are used right now click here 



2). A plastic bag has an average “working life” of 12 minutes.


Plastic bags are only used for an average of 12 minutes but they pollute the environment for hundreds of years, because plastic bags take 1000 years to decompose in landfills. By clogging our drain pipes, posing a huge threat to our marine life, and working their way into our food chain.

It is predicted that by 2050, plastics will become as abundant as fish in the ocean.



average life of plastic bag is 12 minutes
average life of plastic bag is 12 minutes 


3). 20,000 plastic water bottles are bought around the world every second.


It’s astonishing to think that we produce 20,000 water bottles every second but may only use them for a few minutes.  Only 9 percent plastic is recycled. 

Of the plastic bottles that are thrown out, 91% of plastic is not recycled. That’s about 8.3 billion tonnes incorrectly thrown in the garbage. Remember, we produce 20,000 bottles a second; that’s 19,800 bottles per second that end up in the trash.

4). People eat at least 50,000 plastic particles a year.


According to TheGuradian report , The average person eats at least 50,000 particles of microplastic a year and breathes in a similar quantity, according to the first study to estimate human ingestion of plastic pollution.

Microplastic pollution is mostly created by the disintegration of plastic litter and appears to be ubiquitous across the planet. Researchers find microplastics everywhere they look; in the air, soil, rivers and the deepest oceans around the world.

Another report tells us that an average person consume a credit card of plastic in a week that mean we eat 5g plastic in a week. Through food chain these microplastic particles enters in our body.

new study found that just one tea bag can Release billions of microplastic particles into your drink.

·      ·         A single plastic tea bag can release 11.6 billion microplastic and 3.1 billion nanoplastic particles into a single cup of tea, according to new research.

5). Nearly 700 species, have been affected by plastics. 

Millions of animals are killed by plastics every year, from birds to fish to other marine organisms.


Plastic material in the stomach causes many marine organisms to die
Plastic material in the stomach causes many marine organisms to die




Research indicates that half of sea turtles worldwide have ingested plastic. A recent study found that sea turtles that consume only 14 pieces of plastic have an increased risk of death.


According to PEW,  Plastic waste kills 1 million seabirds a year. Scientists estimate that 60 percent of all marine species have eaten plastic pieces, a figure they estimate will increase to 99 percent by 2050.


6). Since 1950, around 8.3 billion tons of plastic have been produced worldwide.


It is estimated that 13 million metric tons of plastic are ends up in ocean  annually. which is  equivalent to the weight of a garbage or rubbish truck load's worth every minute. 

Every minute, one garbage truck of plastic is dumped into our oceans
Every minute, one garbage truck of plastic is dumped into our oceans



The researchers found that Humans have created 8.3 billion metric tons of plastics since large-scale production of the synthetic materials began in the early 1950s, out this total wastage only 9 percent is recycled , 12 percent is incinerated and 79% accumulated in landfills or the natural environment.


 According to the study, Worldwide production of plastics increased from 2 million metric tons in 1950 to over 400 million metric tons in 2015. 

7).  Worldwide 83 Percent of sea litter is plastic 


Every minute, one garbage truck of plastic is dumped into our oceans. About 8 million metric tons of plastic are thrown into the ocean annually. Of those, 236,000 tons are microplastics. 

it is estimated that, the amount of plastic in the ocean is set to increase tenfold by 2020. By 2050, there will be more plastic in the oceans than there are fish.


Conclusion


Till now, we have understood the facts of plastic pollution.  Need of the hour is to take this problem seriously and we all have to find solutions to reduce plastic pollution on our own.
 If you have no idea about it, here we are giving you some steps to reduce plastic pollution which may help you a lot.  But, what are you doing at your own level please share with us. We will upload your innovative ideas on post.
Our main motive is just to make more people aware of the negative effects of plastic pollution.

Thanks!! 


Friday, July 12, 2019

Effects of Climate Change On Future Generation

elonjeevan
Scientists researching on climate change believe that there has been a significant increase in the temperature of the earth in the last few years compared to the last 200 years. Its bad consequences are being seen, but the situation in the future will become even more terrible, at that time there will be a serious crisis for all living beings. The main reason for this is that the top layer of the earth has to be rapidly heated. which is called global warming. 

Due to climate change we have lot of changes in different country's weather

Heat Record 


Bahrain hit by the hottest weather for June in more than 100 years (since 1902) . Report says that the average temperature in June was 36.3 degrees Celsius (97.3 Fahrenheit), about 3.9 degrees Celsius (7 degrees Fahrenheit) above the long-term normal for that month. Hottest Day is recorded at 45.3 Celsius.

The average temperature for June in Bahrain was 36.3°C, almost four degrees higher than in the same month last year.
The average temperature for June in Bahrain was 36.3°C, almost four degrees higher than in the same month last year.


Heavy Rain and Storms 


Droughts, intense rains and floods which have been seen in India for the past few days are due to the climate change. For example, water crisis in Chennai , and heavy rain in Mumbai.

Mumbai people stuck in heavy rain
Mumbai people stuck in heavy rain 


Due to climate change, Humans and all animals face new challenges for survival . More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, heavy rain falls, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals and Human beings, destroy the places where they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities.


Drought In Chennai (India) 


Indian women stand in line and waiting to fill water
Indian women stand in line and waiting to fill water


Due to global warming, the glaciers are melting. Sea level is rising and Due to meeting in the sea drinking water is getting salty day by day In the coming days, the crisis of drinking water will be more serious. The level of ground water will deepen further.

India’s monsoon season usually begins in June, but in 2019, it was delayed for a few weeks. which causing Chennai’s major water sources to dry up. And over the past five years, rainfall has fallen below average. it's all because of climate change.


Effects of Climate Change on Jobs In India 


According to the United Nations Organization for International Labor Organization (ILO), due to global warming, India will see 5.8 percent reduction in working hours by 2030. This is equivalent to the loss of 3.4 million jobs. The biggest impact of this will be on the agriculture and construction sector. Every year, 2 percent of the work hours will be reduced. Recently ILO released a report in this regard.

According to ILO's this Report, the entire planet will become hot and it will have an impact on work. The report says that by 2030, the work hours will be reduced by two to more than two percent per year.

By the end of the century, the global temperature will rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It will also be affected at the working hours. By 2030, worldwide, the work hours will be reduced. This will be equivalent to 8 crore full time jobs.


The largest impact of climate change on Agriculture in South Asia by 2030 


 This will be a loss of $ 2400 billion (about 16,450 crore) by 2030. If the heat is not stopped, this figure may increase further. At least 2 percent of jobs will be lost  in two-thirds countries of South Asia, According to the report, it will have the most effect in India. In 1995, there was a reduction in 4.3 percent of the work hours and it would decrease by 5.8 percent by 2030. Due to global warming, many country's GDP will be affected. The GDP of Thailand, Cambodia, Pakistan and India will be reduced by almost 5 percent. Almost 94 million people cultivate the world. This will be a big loss to the farmers.

Unprecedented weather by 2050 


The climate is certainly changing. Tom Crowther, a researcher at ETH Zürich said that By 2050, many U.S. cities will face unprecedented weather. 
To prove their findings the Crowther Lab in Switzerland created a global data map that pairs one city’s future climate conditions with current ones. In which he shows that by 2050, 520 major cities will have weather like they have never seen. 


Britain women refuse to have baby : Birthstrikers 

Climate change is becoming a serious problem for the world. Due to which future generations will face problems like drought, flood and global warming. Because of these issues , the British women decided not to have children, saying that by doing so, they would be able to make the living standard of the next generation a little easier. Whereas the world's increasing population will be the cause of food shortage, there will be other problems associated with it.


Someone will have to move forward in the direction to control Population.
The consequences of working against  nature are global warming, and before its results begin to come, we should start doing work to make our earth lash green, so that, the next generation will Get  clean air, clean water and cultivable soil.
 Do not forget that as the earth becomes hot, changes in the weather will almost certainly end. Man and cattle - Birds will be forced to spend their life in one season instead of seasonal changes like heat and rainfall. More efforts should be made to protect earth from pollution. Under this link,we have to do strong attempts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. because Greenhouse gases emission is a main cause of Global Warming. 


Conclusion 

It is important  that human beings avoid living in physical comfort and live a life while establishing relationships with nature. After this, It is possible that  there will be some reduction in the speed of climate change and once again the land will prove to be a boon for the coming generations.

Thanks !!!



Saturday, July 6, 2019

ways to reduce plastic pollution

elonjeevan
Plastic pollution has become a serious problem nowadays. it is a blight in our cities and landscapes and harming our oceans. According to latest Data by India Government about 20,000 tonnes of Plastic wastes get generated every day in the country.


whereas, if we talk about world, about 300 million tonnes of plastics produces every year. out of which 8.8 million tonnes of these plastic dumped into the oceans. Almost this is a Single use Plastic  trash. That’s about 40 billion plastic bottles, 100 billion single-use plastic bags.



  • The Citarum River, Located in Indonesia is the most polluted river in the world. 
  • Whereas, three indian Rivers,  the Ganga, the Indus and the almighty Brahmaputra  carry 90% of plastic wastes. 
Plastic garbage on the banks of rivers and oceans
Plastic garbage on the banks of rivers and oceans



plastic pollution is not just an environmental Issue but also a serious threat to our health. Its time to come forward to deal with this mammoth problem without wasting time to blaming each other.

mostly disposable plastic items are found on the banks of rivers: such as  plastic bags, cigarette butts, plastic bottles, caps, straws, food wrappers and food containers.

According to Environmental Protection Agency, an average single use  plastic bottle takes up to 450 years to break down. Plastic can break down into small pieces (less than 5nm) called microplastics enter into food chain which are very harmful for our Health . 

According to WWF's new report an average person consume 5gm plastic in a week through microplastic which is equivalent to weight of credit card.

 Common ways to Reduce Plastic Pollution 


1. Avoid plastic Bags or Polythenes

Single use plastic bags contaminate our Rivers, Oceans and landfills. when they get into soil, by passing time plastic bags release toxic Chemicals which decrease fertility rate of land and in oceans  they break down into small pieces called microplastic.

 unfortunate marine animals eat them and often choke and die. 
Recently, New york ban single use plastic bags every country's government should take strict action against plastic bags. 

2. Promote Water Refill Stations at Public Places

The Best way to reduce single use plastic bottle pollution is that aware more people to use less disposable bottles and awake them to again use these bottles by refilling from public water stations. 

refill water stations to reduce single use water bottles
refill water stations to reduce single use water bottles 

Public water refill stations are key to decreasing single use plastic water bottle consumption. but one point keep in mind firstly you have to gain trust of people by providing quality water at refill station. because people don't want to compromise with their health.

 In India, already many communities doing this great job which is a praiseworthy step to reduce single use water bottles trash. 

Eastern Municipal Water District (EMWD) in Southern California, in partnership with other local agencies, has installed nearly 120 water bottle fill stations at schools and popular community facilities.

3. Government should make strict rules to stop plastic pollution



Many single-use plastic items are made of low-value material. And are very dangerous for environment and for human. Many plastic are not easily recycled and dumped into oceans


Govt. action to restrict single use plastic distribution is an effective way to decrease plastic pollution.


on world environment day 2018 with theme "beat plastic  pollution" hosted by India . India's prime minister narindra modi declared that India will ban all single-use plastics by 2022. 

But when we go into market plastic polythenes are used in large quantity without any fear. Action surely matters more than words and so far the words have meant nothing. so, it is must to make strict laws so that people don't use single use plastic. 



4. Follow reduce, reuse, recycle plastic Theory 

First of all, the best way to deal with plastic pollution is that use less plastic as much as possible, but we all know zero plastic use is impossible because it is very cheap and convenient product. 



use triple RRR theory to reduce plastic pollution
use triple RRR theory to reduce plastic pollution 




Reduce your own plastic, Firstly you Recognize that which type of plastic is mostly used in your home by using plastic calculator. then take steps to reduce the use and waste of plastic

  • Reuse - Always bring your own reuseable clothing bag for shopping , say no to single use plastic bag. 
  • Instead of buying single use plastic water bottle, Always carry  reuseable water bottle with you and fill it from public water filler stations.
  • Choose clothing and other personal items made from earth-friendly materials instead of microfibers and other synthetic fibers, because these  synthetic fibers break down into small pieces called microplastic. which pollute our water when enter into rivers and oceans.  

Recycle - Return single use plastic at grocery shops for recycling. you may earn some money buy returing plastic. 



5. Proper Management of Plastic waste 


Only using high amounts of plastic is not a problem, (Nearly, 15000 tonnes of plastic waste is generated by India each day). but also management of plastic waste is another problem for us.


Simple solution is that, If plastic waste production is very low, then it will be easier to manage it. So it is important to keep in mind what kind of plastic is more safe and long lasting when we go for shopping. for that everyone must know about plastic recycling codes.


Firstly separate plastic into bins according to their categories like Biodegradable and non-biodegradable plastic waste.

Also check- What is waste management, types and its importance? 


Biodegradable plastic is plastic that decomposes naturally in the environment by the action of living organisms likely bacteria.

 Biodegradable plastics are made from all-natural plant materials.like,corn oil, orange peels, starch, and plants. due to sweetness they can be easily decomposed by bacteria. 
Examples of Biodegradable plastic- PHA Bioplastic which is used for food packing.

Before buying any product check that polythene is biodegradable or not.


Ecogreen  are biodegradable polythen
Ecogreen  are biodegradable polythene

                                                          
Non-Biodegarable plastic last a long time in the environment without breaking down approximate 400-500 years. due to light weight it floats on the surface of oceans which cause ocean pollution and also marine species. so it is necessary to recycle plastic.

Also check- ways to live Eco-friendly . 

Milk jugs, oil bottles are made from stiff  HDPE Plastic which can be easily recycled into flower pots and plastic pipes. 
Single use plastic water bottles are made from PET (polyethylene terephthalate) which can be turned into thermal jackets and sleeping bags. 



Conclusion 

As all we know plastic pollution is a serious problem for human being, animals as well as for marine species. Burning of plastic in the open air, leads to Air pollution due to the release of toxic chemicals. so, we need to avoid plastic as much as possible. 
everyone should follow these steps to reduce plastic pollution. 

Thank you !!