Friday, June 7, 2019

"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India for climate change, is this True?

India has ranked 11th out of 56 nations and the European Union (EU) at the 2019 Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI), which is published by GermanWatch, the NewClimate Institute and the Climate Action Network.

"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India, for climate change, is this True?


US President Donald Trump on Wednesday blamed big economies India, China and Russia for  climate change stating that these countries do not have any sense of cleanliness and pollution. He further claimed that the United States has one of the “cleanest climates” in the world.


"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India, for climate change
"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India, for climate change

The American president further said that these countries do not make much contribution to the world's environment, while trump claiming that "cleanest climates" is in the United States.


Now we will see how much India is responsible for climate change, is Trump says correct?


India has ranked 11th out of 56 nations and the European Union (EU) at the 2019 Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI), which is published by GermanWatch, the NewClimate Institute and the Climate Action Network.
There is no doubt that India has improved CCPI's ranking than in 2018.


what is Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) ?

Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an important tool designed to develop clear understanding of international climate politics and increase transparency.Since CCPI's first release in 2005 it monitors the efforts made by countries to deal with climate change.
Its aim is to increase political and social pressure on the countries which have so far failed to take ambitious action on climate protection.

Based on the standardized criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 56 countries and EU, which is responsible for more than 90% of  global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Ranking results are divided into four categories
1. 'GHG emissions',
2. 'renewable energy'
3. 'Energy Use'
4. 'Climate Policy'
Under 14 indicators, the country has been defined on the basis of overall performance.


1. Greenhouse gas emission by india --   

                                                                 India is the world's third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), after China and the US.
India is very vulnerable to  climate change,  notably due to the melting of the Himalayan glaciers and changes to the monsoon.pollution is directly Proportional to population and we all know india's population is 1.3 billion . only few crore people concerned about climate  change and global warming. reason behind this is poverty still in india approximately 13% of indian people does not have access electricity and more than 60% of rural people use solid fuel for cooking.

{solid fuel}*
                - Solid Fuel refers to various forms of physical materials that can be burned to mix energy, heat and light can be provided through the combustion process. ... Common examples of solar fuel include timber, charcoal, peat, coal, wood summer, corn, wheat, mustard and other grains.



Apart from this india is second largest consumer of coal after china, mostly coal is used to generate electricity in india coal is one of the major cause of pollution and greenhouse gases.
 other major reason is india's almost half population depends upon agriculture for bread and butter . stubble burning is responsible for climate change and global warming.

2.  'renewable energy'

                                        coal is one of the major cause of increase in greenhouse gases . Therefore, India has given constant emphasis on enhancing solar and wind power capacity.
The share of renewable energy in the country's total power generation capacity will increase to 18 percent by 2022. It's 7.8 percent now.India is continuously promoting renewable energy so that the environment can be saved.

On green India Mission , India looks to set achieve its goals on greenhouse gas emission and non-fossil fuels sources.  

India Climate Change Policy 

India has made three commitments under Paris Agreement 

1. India's GHG emission intensity of its GDP is reduced by 30-35% by 2030
2. second agreement is that 40% of india's power capacity would be based on non-fossil fuels
3. And the last one is that India will create an additional 'carbon sink' of 2.5 to 3 billion tons of CO2 equivalent through 2030.

Also Read --  World environment day 2019 to Beat Air pollution 

Conclusion 

There is no doubt that since industrialization, there has been a great increase in greenhouse gases in India, which has affected the environment very much. On the other hand, according to the CCPI, there is considerable variation in India's ranking, while the US is behind India in this report.

By Trump ,Blaming India for climate change is true for some extent ,but ignoring India's efforts is also a big mistake. Developed nations should Support  developing countries so that they can win the war of the climate change.

Thank You !!

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elonjeevan

Author & Editor

ex science student

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