Sunday, June 30, 2019

What is waste management, types and its importance ?

elonjeevan

 What is waste management, types and its importance ? 


The waste management becomes a major problem not only for our country but for the whole world. If we do not pay attention to this time, then in the future we will have to bear the most terrible consequences.

Time to know about waste management
Time to know about waste management 

What is Waste Management ?

Solid waste management is the  proper management of the disposal of wastes by its production and recycling. Therefore, solid waste management can be defined as: systematic control, collection, storage, transportation, exhaust separation, processing, treatment, retrieval and disposal of solid waste production.

Average household waste produced  per week


 Approximately 7.8 billion people live on Earth, and every person in the world produces waste through packaging, paper, glass, plastic envelopes and other waste products, and produce about 40 lac tonnes of waste every day around the world. That means 280 lac tonnes in a week.  If we talk about India, then in our cities  from 200 grams to 600 gm per person waste is produced. There is a 5 percent increase in the amount of this waste every year. The most dangerous of this is the plastic garb, which we use the most.

How much plastic debris  in the ocean?


 So far, it has been accepted that 26900 tonnes of plastics in the oceans are floating on the surface of the water. Because of this, nearly 100,000 species of marine creatures perish in this plastic. According to a survey it is also believed that there are 46,000 pieces of plastic pieces in every ocean square. Day by Day  plastic content is  Increasing in the ocean. Every day 1300 to 15000 thousand pieces are thrown into the sea.

Plastic Bag Pollution 


Apart from this, plastic bags play the biggest role in waste pollution. According to a survey, nearly 100 cows die every day in India due to plastic reasons. According to one company estimates, there is about 50 kg (average) plastic in a stomach of one cow which are  roaming around the city. When we throw garbage out  by packing in  plastic bags.when various animals and cows eat the waste garbage, then they also eat these plastics along with some food items in that garbage. its  consequences are  very terrible.

Must Read - How Plastic Harm our Environment?

Must Read- Ways to Reduce Plastic Pollution 

How to dispose waste properly?


 Mixed garbage also plays an important role in contaminating the atmosphere. When the garbage is burnt, it attracts the bacteria . which causes the skin diseases, fever, diarrhea and many diseases of respiration. When mixed litter burns, methane and many other Greenhouse gases come out of it which have a major effect on our health, which impacts our environment and also brings many diseases to our body. It is clear from this that if we do not pay attention to this, we should understand that we are the killers of the coming generations.

So let us know how this waste can be disposed properly.

What are Types of waste management?


 Roughly the garbage is divided into three parts and by using three types of dustbin, we can handle the garbage properly.

1. Green color picker for wet garbage
2. Blue color dustbin for dry garbage
3. Red color for domestic hazardous waste

Types of waste management
Types of waste management 


1. In wet garbage, we accept kitchen waste, vegetables, fruit peel, surviving food, tea dump bags, leaf plates, excess flower leaves, etc., and this Use green paint bin to troubleshoot waste. This can be used to re-fertilize.

2. The material that can be reproduced by collecting and recycling such as newspaper trash, cans, box, pens, paper cups, plastic covers, bottles, chips and biscuits, dry leaves, dry pots etc. Has been added to. we can reuse this type of waste by collecting. To resolve this kind of garbage, we must collect them in a blue dustbin.

3. Domestic and hazardous means of sanitary waste such as sanitary napkins, diapers, medicines, bandage, used tissue paper, dirty plastic and paper, earbuds and cotton, leather goods (boots, bags etc.), used clothes, rubbing, bubblegum , Sharp razors and blades, used syringes on needles, injection vials, etc., come in domestic and dangerous garbage. Wrap this garbage in a newspaper and make a red mark on it and use a red dustbin for disposal of such waste.


For more - ways to live Eco-friendly 

why waste management is important?

It is very important to separate the garbage from the roots because the garbage in the house is in very small amounts and the waste can be properly separated. Doing this will make it easier to rebuild the waste.
Just like green garbage can be used for garbage compost and the blue bin garbage can be reused by taking them to factories. But it is our tragedy that 95 percent of the plastic is given for reconstruction and only 5% is recycled.

This is the facility to give the waste in the last red garbage container to the government hospital.

1. Today's circumstances are not hidden from anyone. For the sake of some reason, in today's worst situation, we are equally responsible  as our governments. Governments here also need to strictly enforce the laws that are made. (On world Environment day, 2018 hosted by India , declared that India will ban single plastic use by 2020). Because the court has imposed a complete ban from polythene, but if you go to the markets today, then using polythene is being used without fear. So, we are so guilty that we do not take bags from our homes when buying goods.

2.The second cause is shopkeeper is guilty who does not demand that you have brought a bag to take your luggage?

3. Third, our governments do not have any legal clout on what they all are seeing.

Conclusion 


Therefore, in today's times, we need to understand that we can not reform at all, but you can find something to save the environment. If our thinking changes today, then anyone else's thinking can change tomorrow. For this reason, waste management should be done properly, because if we are aware of the waste management now, then it is possible to make clear and clean environment for future generations.


Thanks for Your precious Time . but Don't forget to share with your friends. 

Monday, June 24, 2019

Do You Know You Are "Eating a Credit card" of plastic a Week?

elonjeevan

Do You Know You Are "Eating a Credit card" of plastic a Week? 

an average person consume 5gm plastic in a week equivalent to weight of credit card
an average person consume 5gm plastic in a week equivalent to weight of credit card

  • An  average person could be consuming 1,769 particles of plastic in a  week from water only. 
  • On An average Every person could be ingesting around 5 grams of plastic every week, which is the equivalent weight of a credit card. Study by Australia’s University of Newcastle.

What Does It Mean "A CREDIT CARD A WEEK" ?


Everyone knows that nobody eat plastic Directly , but indirectly everyone eat plastic . How ??
Let's Discuss , 

Plastic pollution has become hot topic nowadays and really its a serious problem for humans as well as animals and Marine species. because plastic is non biodegradable product.

This plastic that we consume comes from "microplastics" --
Microplastic are particles smaller than five millimeters -- which are making their way into our food, drinking water , shellfish  and the air.

Tiny particles of plastic
Tiny particles of plastic 



On An  average person could be consuming 1,769 particles of plastic in a  week from water only. 
Globally, we are ingesting an average of 5 grams of plastic every week, the equivalent of a credit card, a new study commissioned by the environmental charity WWF International  with the help of the University of Newcastle, in Australia.

{ WWF - WWF is one of the world’s largest and most experienced non governmental  conservation organizations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in more than 100 countries.}


This study shows us that everyperson could be consuming on average over 100,000 microplastics every year. Which is approximately 21 grams a month, just over 250 grams a year. 


How Microplastic Enter in Human  Body ? 

More than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans every year. whereas only India produces over 25,000 tonnes of plastic waste daily, much of which ends up in landfills. An average single use plastic bottle take approximately 450 years to completely degrade.

 only 10% plastic is recycled other waste is dump into rivers, oceans, landfills etc. Then they break down into tiny particles called microplastic . These tiny particles can originate from many sources, such as artificial clothes fibers, and microbeads found in some toothpastes etc. 

Apart from this,  those plastic which dump into oceans eaten by fishes and other marine species and then  enter into food chain. 
Microplastics have been found in many everyday foods and drinks, such as water, beer, shellfish and salt. 

Must Read --  How common man identify plastic  

Is Microplastic Damaging Our Health ?


Most plastic becomes trash after a single use. It has contaminated the soil, rivers and oceans. It’s even entered our food chain through fishes and marine species. If you are vegetarian still plastic effects your body. This report tells us that The amount of plastic pollution varies by location, but nowhere is untouched. 


In the United States, approximately 95% of tap water samples contained plastic fibres, with an average of 9.6 fibres/litre. European water is less polluted, with fibres showing up in only 72.2 % of water samples, and only 3.8 fibres/litre.

An  average person consuming 1,769 particles of plastic in a  week from water only.
An  average person consuming 1,769 particles of plastic in a  week from water only. 


How much plastic effect our health this is not still clear but this is a growing concern about health risk. 

its crystal clear that plastic is harmful for our health but "We cannot just remove it," said Kavita Prakash-Mani, global conservation director at WWF International. it is very difficult to remove plastic from environment. 


How we can solve Microplastic problem ?


Many of us are doing our bit to reduce plastic pollution for example , say to "no use polythene" , by using reuseable water bottles etc. but this is not sufficient. nowadays plastic pollution has become mammoth problem for world. 

it,s time that government and big companies take this problem serious and together find solution to tackle with this problem. 

statistics data shows us that Every day approximately 8 million pieces of plastic is dumped into oceans. There may now be around 5.25 trillion macro and microplastic pieces floating in the open ocean. And about 100,000 marine creatures a year die from plastic entanglement. 



some countries already ban plastic 


Already many country's governments are concerned about plastic pollution . 

1. on world environment day 2018 with theme "beat plastic  pollution" hosted by india . India's prime minister narindra modi declared that india will ban all single-use plastics by 2022. 

Also read - World Environment Day 2019 to "beat air pollution" 

2. recently, Canada prime minister said that,  "Canada to ban single-use plastics as early as 2021" 
3. on  may 2019,  Plastic straws, cotton buds and drink stirrers to be banned in England. 



These are very praiseworthy steps taken by governments . other countries also come forward to reduce plastic pollution. 


Thank you!!


Friday, June 21, 2019

What are Renewable Energy sources?

elonjeevan


As we know that "climate change " has become hot topic nowadays. it is mainly because of high CO2 Emission . There are many reasons of high CO2 emission such as Greenhouse Gases ,  burning of Fossil Fuels , deforestation, and many more.


Sources of Renewable energy
Sources of Renewable energy (image credit)




Fossil Fuels include petrol, oils ,coal, natural gas which causes carbon emission . apart from fossil fuels are renewable they are in limited quantity. The fastest finished mineral and oil are the two largest sources of energy in the present time and therefore the whole world is moving forward to the use of renewable energy sources to meet the needs of its current and future energy.
so, we need Some Alternative of fossil fuels. 


What is renewable energy?


Such energy which is immensely in nature and freely present, is called renewable energy.  In other words we can say that renewable energy is the energy that we get from those sources, which are available in very large amounts in nature.

The sun, the wind, and the running water are the source of some energy that will never end because they are produced again by nature.  All these renewable energies are stored by transforming the forms of electricity and are delivered to us for our use.



What are the source of renewable energy?


 The sun, air, and natural water flows are the three most prominent sources of renewable energy, which are being adopted in India along with various parts of the world. Biomass and geothermal energy have also been kept in the category of renewable energy sources. Solar energy is obtained from the Sun, while wind power is achieved by wind turbines running by air.

 Similarly, hydroelectric power is also achieved by stopping the flow of water from dams and by running hydro electric turbines.  The same biomass energy is generated by biological commodities and waste from trees and animals.


Statistics of investment in Renewable Energy 


  • Global investment 11 per cent down compared to 2017, driven in part by falling solar costs
  • Renewable energy investment in most of the developing world increased 6 per cent to USD 61.6 billion, a record high
  • Investment in Europe rose 39 per cent to USD 61.2 billion


Renewable energy examples 


  At the macro level, we can classify these renewable energies on the basis of their sources.  Like air, sunlight, wind and ocean are also examples of various types of renewable energy sources.
 

1. Hydropower Energy :    Hydropower is the energy that is produced by stopping the flow of water from the river and by running the turbines using the flow of the river.  Pumped-storage-hydropower and run-of-river-hydropower are two different ways in which electricity is produced by hydropower projects.

2.  Bio-energy :    It has been originated from biomass bioenergy, which is a renewable energy source for generating liquid fuels in which the fuel is obtained by the decomposition of various types of agricultural waste.

3. Geothermal energy :      Geothermal energy is such a renewable energy that arises from the heat inside the earth.  Geothermal power plants produce electricity by absorbing the energy of the earth and hot cliffs.  Apart from this, geothermal energy can also be used to keep water and buildings warm.


4. Solar energy :    This energy is generated by the sun's heat, solar energy is absorbed by all solar energy resources by absorbing the sunlight, heat or electricity is produced.  Solar energy is the renewable energy used widely in India.

5. Wind Energy :    Wind power is an excellent example of renewable energy, in which energy is produced by air.  When the wind flows in the wind turbine, renewable energy is generated by its rotational motion.  This wind turbine is connected to the energy generated by the wind, by which the electricity is produced.  Wind chakkiyas are constructed at large levels for the construction of wind energy, where the wind flows very fast.


Turbines to Generate Wind Energy
Turbines to Generate Wind Energy 




6. Ocean energy  :    Ocean energy is also one of the major sources of renewable energy, in which energy can be generated by tidal waves and sea waves. Although there has not been any particular development in the field of ocean energy, but as much as 70 percent of the Earth's surface is surrounded by the ocean, then there is a great potential for energy generation in this area. Therefore, the energy produced by the ocean can be a big contributor to our energy needs in the future.



Thank You !! 

Wednesday, June 12, 2019

what is radon gas and where does it come from ?

elonjeevan

what is radon gas and where does it come from ?


Radon Gas is one of the major Cause of  Indoor Air pollution.  now question arises  what is Radon and how it is harmful for our health .

What is Radon (where is radon found) ?

Radon is a odorless, colorless radioactive gas.

chemical properties of Radon 


  • Element Name:        Radon

  • Radon Symbol:        Rn

  • Atomic Number:      86
  • Element Group:        Group 18 (Noble Gas)
  • Period:                      Period 6
  • Appearance:             Colorless Gas

  • radon atomic mass   222.0 atomic mass units



Radon forms naturally from the decay of radioactive elements ,such as Uranium(found in soil and rock). radon gas from soil move into air and also in underground water.

Radon gas is present both in outdoors and indoors. but normally it can be highly found in houses , underground water such as well water.

How Radon effects our Body ?

Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer overall (after smoking) and the leading cause of lung cancer in non-smokers.

Radon causes Lung cancer
Radon causes Lung cancer 


Radioactive Radon breaks into solid radioactive elements called radon progeny.
Examples of Radio progeny 

  • polonium-218, 
  • polonium-214, 
  • lead-214


These Radio progeny can attach to dust and can be breathed into the lungs and causes lung cancer. As radio progeny breaks down into air and emit Radiations that can damage the DNA inside of body's cells.

how radon gets into homes

In our homes Air pressure  is usually lower than the pressure in the soil around our home's foundation. Because of this difference in pressure, our house acts like a vacuum, comes radon in through foundation cracks and other openings. Then, home traps the radon inside, where it can build up.
Radon enters into house through soil, and ground water
Radon enters into house through soil, and ground water 

What are the symptoms of radon in your home


  1. shortness of breath.
  2. hoarseness (abnormal change in the voice)
  3. chest pain, especially when you cough or laugh.
  4. persistent cough.
  5. coughing up blood.
  6. wheezing.
  7. frequent infections such as  bronchitis*  and pneumonia.

Definition of Bronchitis 

                                         Bronchitis is swelling of the bronchial tubes (bronchi), the air passages between the mouth and nose and the lungs.

Radon is mainly found in United States About 1 out of every 15 homes in the United States have a level of radon that is too high. Breathing in radon over time can cause lung cancer, 



 Radon  Uses 


As we know that Radon gas is a colorless, odorless gas and leading cause of lung cancer but it is used for many purposes.

1. Radon decays into radioactive polonium (radon progeny). and alpha particles. These emitted radiation made radon useful in cancer therapy.
2. Radon is used in some hospitals to treat tumours.


how to detect radon in house

Radon is commonly found in united states. About 1 out of every 15 homes in the United States have a level of radon is too high.If the radon level in your home is high, you can take steps to fix it. 

1. Take a  radon kit  and free measure the level of radon in your house . 

Testing your home for radon is easy and doesn't cost very much.  There are 2 main types of radon test kits.
  •    
  • 1. Short-term tests take between 2 and 90 days.
  • 2. Long-term tests take more than 90 days. 
If your home has a radon level of 4 or higher, fix your home.


Conclusion 

 Radon is leading cause of indoor  air pollutionIndoor air pollution is 3.5 times worse than outdoor air pollution. Take this problem seriously because radon causes lung cancer. And it has also many other severe effects on our Health. 

Thanks !! 



Friday, June 7, 2019

"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India for climate change, is this True?

elonjeevan

"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India, for climate change, is this True?


US President Donald Trump on Wednesday blamed big economies India, China and Russia for  climate change stating that these countries do not have any sense of cleanliness and pollution. He further claimed that the United States has one of the “cleanest climates” in the world.


"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India, for climate change
"No sense of cleanliness and pollution": Trump blames India, for climate change

The American president further said that these countries do not make much contribution to the world's environment, while trump claiming that "cleanest climates" is in the United States.


Now we will see how much India is responsible for climate change, is Trump says correct?


India has ranked 11th out of 56 nations and the European Union (EU) at the 2019 Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI), which is published by GermanWatch, the NewClimate Institute and the Climate Action Network.
There is no doubt that India has improved CCPI's ranking than in 2018.


what is Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) ?

Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an important tool designed to develop clear understanding of international climate politics and increase transparency.Since CCPI's first release in 2005 it monitors the efforts made by countries to deal with climate change.
Its aim is to increase political and social pressure on the countries which have so far failed to take ambitious action on climate protection.

Based on the standardized criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 56 countries and EU, which is responsible for more than 90% of  global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Ranking results are divided into four categories
1. 'GHG emissions',
2. 'renewable energy'
3. 'Energy Use'
4. 'Climate Policy'
Under 14 indicators, the country has been defined on the basis of overall performance.


1. Greenhouse gas emission by india --   

                                                                 India is the world's third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), after China and the US.
India is very vulnerable to  climate change,  notably due to the melting of the Himalayan glaciers and changes to the monsoon.pollution is directly Proportional to population and we all know india's population is 1.3 billion . only few crore people concerned about climate  change and global warming. reason behind this is poverty still in india approximately 13% of indian people does not have access electricity and more than 60% of rural people use solid fuel for cooking.

{solid fuel}*
                - Solid Fuel refers to various forms of physical materials that can be burned to mix energy, heat and light can be provided through the combustion process. ... Common examples of solar fuel include timber, charcoal, peat, coal, wood summer, corn, wheat, mustard and other grains.



Apart from this india is second largest consumer of coal after china, mostly coal is used to generate electricity in india coal is one of the major cause of pollution and greenhouse gases.
 other major reason is india's almost half population depends upon agriculture for bread and butter . stubble burning is responsible for climate change and global warming.

2.  'renewable energy'

                                        coal is one of the major cause of increase in greenhouse gases . Therefore, India has given constant emphasis on enhancing solar and wind power capacity.
The share of renewable energy in the country's total power generation capacity will increase to 18 percent by 2022. It's 7.8 percent now.India is continuously promoting renewable energy so that the environment can be saved.

On green India Mission , India looks to set achieve its goals on greenhouse gas emission and non-fossil fuels sources.  

India Climate Change Policy 

India has made three commitments under Paris Agreement 

1. India's GHG emission intensity of its GDP is reduced by 30-35% by 2030
2. second agreement is that 40% of india's power capacity would be based on non-fossil fuels
3. And the last one is that India will create an additional 'carbon sink' of 2.5 to 3 billion tons of CO2 equivalent through 2030.

Also Read --  World environment day 2019 to Beat Air pollution 

Conclusion 

There is no doubt that since industrialization, there has been a great increase in greenhouse gases in India, which has affected the environment very much. On the other hand, according to the CCPI, there is considerable variation in India's ranking, while the US is behind India in this report.

By Trump ,Blaming India for climate change is true for some extent ,but ignoring India's efforts is also a big mistake. Developed nations should Support  developing countries so that they can win the war of the climate change.

Thank You !!