Friday, May 31, 2019

Indoor Air pollution

elonjeevan

Indoor Air pollution (Hidden Pollution In Our Homes )


When you think of  air pollution, it is possible that you think of things like smog, electricity plants and pollution from cars and trucks. These are all examples of external Air pollution, but the inner air is more polluted. There are many harmful contaminates  in the pollutant air; So domestic air pollution occurs when chemicals from pollutants such as gases and particles contaminate the indoor air.

indoor Pollution is a major cause of Asthma
indoor Pollution is a major cause of Asthma 


Statistics About Indoor Air Pollution 


  • Living with mould increases the risk of asthma by 40%.
  • Indoor air pollution is responsible for 99,000 deaths in Europe every year.
  • Indoor air pollution is 3.5 times worse than outdoor air pollution
  • 600 000 deaths from respiratory infections and tuberculosis

Mold or Mould --  

                                  Molds are a form of fungus. Molds grow best in moist, warm and humid environments - easily created in the home during the winter.

Black Mold in House
Black Mold in House 

Indoor Air Pollution Examples 





Internal air pollution is a very dangerous thing because the internal air is more contaminated than the outdoor air pollution. It is estimated that 2.2 million deaths per year are due to domestic air pollution (compared to 500,000 deaths from outdoor air pollution). There are many sources of indoor air pollution, but they are different for development and developing countries. We will first look at the developing countries to see how indoor air pollution in these places.

Indoor Air in Developing Countries


Indoor air pollution has a far greater impact on developing countries than it does on developed ones because fuel, such as wood, charcoal and animal dung, is mostly used to make food. There is Rarely proper ventilation to allow the pollutants to escape, so these contaminated pollutants are very dangerous to our Health.
cooking with solid fuel is very harmful to Health
cooking with solid fuel is very harmful to Health


These Indoor air pollutants from  burning of Solid fuel lead to serious human health problems, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, cancer, heart disease and asthma (respiratory problems).

{solid fuel}*
                - Solid Fuel refers to various forms of physical materials that can be burned to mix energy, heat and light can be provided through the combustion process. ... Common examples of solar fuel include timber, charcoal, peat, coal, wood summer, corn, wheat, mustard and other grains.

Indoor Air in Developed Countries


An average American spends about 90% of their lives indoors. You may think that even in developed nations, there may be indoor air pollution. It is a bit difficult to believe, but it is true that in developed countries like America, there is a large amount of indoor air pollution. The two most dangerous indoor air pollutants in Developed countries  are tobacco smoke and radon.

1. Tobacco Smoke is a major cause of Indoor air pollution.  Even if you are not a smoker, secondhand smoke can cause many of the same health problems as directly inhaling from cigarettes - things like lung cancer, emphysema, asthma and heart disease. Even if inhaling secondhand, you are still taking in over 4,000 chemicals, a large number of which are carcinogens, or cancer-causing chemicals.

 According to WHO's  new report -- 8 million people die each year because of tobacco.
60,000 children die every year because of second-hand smoking.

3.3 million tobacco-related deaths - more than 40 % of the total - come from lung diseases, such as cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and tuberculosis.
Out of that 3.3 (million), about half a million people are those who are exposed to second-hand smoke and die from it.

2. Radon Gas is the second major cause of lung cancer by indoor air pollution in America.  Radon gas is a radioactive gas which comes from the natural breakdown of uranium in rock,soil  and water. When the uranium breaks down, the radon gas seeps up and can get into buildings. Radon is mainly  dangerous because it is  colorless and odorless, which makes it impossible to detect without special testing equipment.

Radon is very Dangerous to Health
Radon is very Dangerous to Health 

Apart From tobacco and radon, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) create a variety of pollutants in indoor air.Concentrations of  VOCs are consistently higher in  indoors (up to 10 times higher) than outdoors. VOCs are carbon-containing compounds that are released by common products which are used in everyday life - Such as  perfume, paint, plastic, household cleaners, adhesives, furniture, carpet etc. 

 Living things can also create indoor air pollution. Things like dust mites, pet dander, mildew and airborne bacteria are all living creatures that cause human health problems by polluting indoor air.




Also Read   what is air pollution and its causes and solution

Causes of Indoor Air Pollution 

1. SecondHand Tobacco smoke -  second hand tobacco contains  over 4,000 chemicals, a large number of which are carcinogens, or cancer-causing chemicals.

Secondhand tobacco is injurious to health
Secondhand tobacco is injurious to health 

2. Dry cleaned clothes- which contains trichloroethylene {(TCE) is a volatile, colorless liquid organic chemical}. and perchloroethylene (PCE), which are highly toxic substances that are known to cause cancer.

3. Daily based Used Household cleaning chemicals, paints and solvents-- These products contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that cause sick building syndrome such as headaches, skin and throat irritation when people are regularly exposed to them.


4. Insecticides, herbicides and pesticides--  Vapors of agricultural chemicals contain toxic substances such as arsenic that are known to destroy the endocrine system and lead to cancerous growth.

5. Synthetic fragrances, perfumes----  Substances like perfumes and deodorizers are largely unregulated and are not monitored by the government. Some of the highly volatile and semi-volatile chemicals have been found to be toxic and are able to cause allergic reaction, cancer, birth defects, central nervous system disorders, and reproductive disorders.

6. Radon Gas --    Radon Gas is the second major cause of lung cancer by indoor air pollution in America.  Radon gas is a radioactive gas which comes from the natural breakdown of uranium in rock,soil  and water.   

Apart from these main causes Dust, Fumes from paraffin wax candles, volatile organic gases released by building, chlorine products are also responsible for air pollution.

How to Reduce Indoor Air Pollution

1. To avoid indoor pollution, it is important to avoid the disruption of air in your home. Install the ventilation system in your house in such a way that clean air coming and going home at all times. Especially you have better ventilation in your living and kitchen areas, you can avoid pollution. There are many solutions for this, which you can use. Chimneys, big windows, smoke hoods, etc. can be helpful.


2. We often use  plastic  plants to decorate our homes to give it a fresh look. There is dust clay on them, which can give us allergies. In this context,you should avoid using such items.

3. Pollution is present in mattresses, pillows, sheets, sofas, even carpets in our homes, which we do not see by naked eye. Keep washing them time to time. At least they should be kept dusting time to time.


4.  Many Things that are present inside the house, which emit carbon in environment. In most of the houses, lamps, incense, candles, camphor etc. are burnt, which causes smoke in the house. The climate of our home is polluted by this same smoke, which adversely affects our health. Therefore it would be good to keep these things out of the house or to use in limited quantities.


5. Use Alternative of Solid Fuel -- Indoor air pollution can be drastically reduced, if we use alternate fuels instead of solid fuel such as biomass, wood, coal etc. Nowadays there are many such options, such as LPG, biogas, solar energy and electricity etc.

6.  Plants not only make our homes beautiful, but also provide us fresh air. With fresh air we can overcome pollution in our home. For this, we should plant some plants in our home, which absorb polluting factors. Such as money plant, aloevera, green basil, boston fern, sensoria plant etc.


7. Reduce levels of moisture by, for example, drying clothes outside, ensuring extraction fans are switched on in the bathroom and kitchen, covering pans when cooking and shutting the bathroom door when showering


Also Read -- World Environment Day ( Theme 2019 ) Beat Air Pollution 

Conclusion 

The air of our country is constantly becoming poisonous, due to which the death toll due to air pollution is also increasing. In such a situation, we need to be cautious about cleaning our climate so that we can avoid its adverse effects.

Thank YOU !!!


Monday, May 27, 2019

What are Greenhouse Gases (causes,Effects, solutions)

elonjeevan

Nowadays, climate change and global warming have been the subject of much discussion. Nowadays the globe is heating up harshly. Rise in both land temperature and rise in sea level are much higher than in the 18th-19th century.

 Have you ever wondered what are the reasons behind this ? This is all because of the greenhouse gases.

Today we will cover Greenhouse gases in full detail.



what are greenhouse Gases
what are greenhouse Gases 


What are Greenhouse Gases?


Greenhouse is a group of gas compounds that are capable of trapping the infrared radiations in the atmosphere, it keeps the surface of the earth warm which is enough to sustain Life on earth.

Greenhouse gases allow sun rays (shortwave radiation) to pass in the atmosphere freely, where it is partially absorbed by the surface of the earth. As the amount of  greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, the same heat is on the earth.That is why increasing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere increases the greenhouse effect which results in global warming and consequently climate change.




Name of greenhouse gases

Name of greenhouse gases


  •               water vapor,
  •     carbon dioxide, \
  •     methane,
  •  Nitrous oxide, 
  • ozone,         
  • chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs),
  •  hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs),
  •   perfluorocarbos (PFCs),
  •   sulfur hexafluoride,
  •  nitrogen trifluoride, etc.


Out of above mentioned Greenhouse Gases. Primary  GHGs are water vapor (the most important), ozone, carbon dioxide(CO2), methane(CH4), and nitrous oxide, which are naturally present in the atmosphere. 

Other Greenhouse Gases are synthetic chemicals that are emitted only as a result of Man Made activities.


Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ) related to Greenhouse gases. 


1. Is CFC a Greenhouse Gas ?

   
  Yes, but CFC(chlorofluorocarbons) is a synthetic chemical which is produced by human activities. This gas is mainly emitted when we use common equipment such as Air conditioner,fridge, computer, Laptop , vehicles etc.


2. How human activities produce greenhouse gases ?


The main human activity which produces greenhouse gas is Burning of fossil fuels such as petrol, natural gas and coal (which emits the most carbon per unit of energy supplied) mainly used to generate electricity. 

Second activity is Deforestation main cause of emission of carbon dioxide 

Rice cultivation is also the cause of emission of methane.

Use of Fertilizer increases nitrous oxide emission.

3. What produces the most greenhouse gas?


Actually, Humans themselves are responsible for the excess emission of greenhouse gases. human activities such as burning of fossil fuels, deforestation , industries, stubble burning, over use of single plastic, air conditioning, excess vehicles etc. 




4. Is the greenhouse effect natural or man made?  

 mainly greenhouse gases are natural but in the last 6-7 decades greenhouse gases are produced due to human activities.  CFC(chlorofluorocarbons) is a synthetic chemical which mainly is produced by human activities.

On the other hand, emission of CO2 is also increased by burning  fossil fuels but its molecules also naturally occur in the atmosphere. 

5. Which sector is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases?


 Energy production mainly electricity generation is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases because coal is used to generate electricity , but solar energy , hydro electric power generators do not emit greenhouse gases. 

6. Which country has the most greenhouse gases? 


The top three greenhouse gas emitters- China, the European Union and the United States-contributed more than half of total global emissions.
whereas India's energy emission is 4.64% of global greenhouse gas emission. 


7. How much CO2 do cows produce? 

A cow on average releases between 70-120 kg of Methane per year. but the bad effect of methane is 23 times higher than the effect of CO2 on climate. so, release of about 100 kg Methane per year for each cow is equivalent to approximately 2300 kg CO2 per year. 

Let's compare this value with the burning of petrol. The same amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) is generated by burning 1000 liters of petrol. With using 8 liters of petrol we can drive a car per 100 km, you could drive 12'500 km per year (7'800 miles per year) with this amount of petrol which is equal to production of CO2 by each cow per year.

Causes of greenhouse gases

1. Burning of Fossil Fuels -   

Fossil Fuels -- Fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content.

The burning of fossil fuels emits harmful chemicals into the environment.

Carbon fuels such as coal, petrol and coal  release unburnt carbon particles in the environment. These particles are very Harmful pollutants and cause respiratory diseases such as asthma.

The combustion of fossil fuels releases a large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is a  primary greenhouse gas which is responsible for Global warming.  Global warming is a rise in the overall temperature of earth’s surface. 

Nowadays the alternative of these fossil fuels is CNG (compressed natural gas) because it is a cleaner fuel and produces less harmful products.



2). How Does Deforestation contribute to the greenhouse effect


Deforestation is responsible for approximately  18% of all global greenhouse gas emissions due to human activities – which is more than global emissions from transport.

As we know that Forests store large amounts of carbon. Trees and  plants absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and release oxygen.

When forests are cleared, stored carbon is released into the atmosphere, mainly as carbon dioxide (CO2) which is responsible for increase in Greenhouse Gases. 

3. Agriculture greenhouse gas emissions

    
 The third-highest sector after energy and industry to effect Greenhouse gases is Agriculture in India.

As we all Know “Rice (paddy) is a water-loving plant”  it requires standing water in the field,   such conditions are ideal for methane (CH4)-producing bacteria to produce methane.

methane gas is also released by cattles. A cow on average releases between 70-120 kg of Methane per year.



Effects of greenhouse gases


1. Global warming


Although the level of greenhouse gas has been rising since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, it’s growth has been particularly fast in the past few decades.

The heat trapped by carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases has increased the surface temperature to 0.75 degree Celsius (1.4 degree Fahrenheit) over the past 100 years.

Global warming is harming the environment in many ways like: - Making land barren, ice melting has increased, sea level rise etc.



Effects of Greenhouse gases on climate
Effects of Greenhouse gases on climate 



2. Ocean Acidification


Carbon dioxide(CO2) has made the world's oceans 30% more acidic.

The ocean acts as a sink for this gas and approximately absorbs one-fourth carbon dioxide which is emission by humans, when it reacts with seawater, they make organic acids, so when carbon dioxide levels rise in the atmosphere The ocean's acidification increases.

3. Smoke and ozone pollution


Since the past century, ozone concentration has increased two times more methane and nitrogen oxides, mainly due to human emissions.

At the ground level, ozone is an air pollutant, which is a major component of smog, which is dangerous for both humans and plants.


Solutions for reducing Greenhouse Gas Emission 


1). Afforestation --   

Avoid deforestation  because plants absorb carbon dioxide which heats up our environment.

2). Buy Energy Efficient Products -- 


Use energy efficient products like LED bulbs so that less electricity is used because electricity generation is one one of the major causes of greenhouse gas emission. 

3). Use Less Heat and Air Conditioning --

   
Extra use of air conditioning is the cause of CFCs which is a synthetic chemical.  Turn down the heat while you’re sleeping at night or away during the day, and keep temperatures moderate at all times.

4). Avoid burning of Fossil Fuels.  

  
Use the alternative of fossil fuels CNG because it is a cleaner fuel and produces less harmful products.

Conclusion-

Greenhouse gases are essential for human life, but due to excessive increase, global warming begins to occur, which has a bad effect on humans and animals.
So we should try to save the environment.

My purpose for writing this post is so that everyone can understand  greenhouse gases in a simple language and in detail.



Thank You !!!!


Friday, May 24, 2019

what is Climate Change (Definition, Causes,Effects,Actions and solutions )

elonjeevan

what is Climate Change 

Climate change is two words that you will often hear about these days. Why is there so much talk on this subject? Climate change has taken the form of an international problem. It not only effects Developing Countries but all the countries of the world are suffering From Climate change. How is this a matter of concern for us? Let us start by understanding each of these words.

Earth's Climate change
Earth's Climate change 

What is the climate?


According to a proverb, the climate is what you expect; The weather is that which we get. We often do not differentiate the word 'climate' and 'weather'.

What is Difference between "Weather and Climate"


 The weather is that which is shown on TV every night as maximum and minimum temperature at various places, cloud and air conditions, rainfall forecast, humidity etc. The change in the external atmospheric conditions at some place at a given time, is called  the weather.

 On The Other Hand Side, Climate is the weather condition of a particular region.
Climate scientists consider the weather information of at least 30 years as necessary to detect the climate of a particular place. Climate shows us how a place is. For example, the climate of Ahmedabad and Delhi is generally dry; In contrast, the climate is humid in Mumbai and Visakhapatnam; The climate of Bangalore and Pune is pleasant.

What is Definition of Climate Change 



The world is much warmer than at any time of the last 2000 years.  During the 20th century the global temperature has increased to about 0.60°C. According to NASA: April 2019 was the 2nd warmest on record globally, behind 2016: +0.99°C above the 1951-1980 average. 


hottest year 2016 due to climate change
hottest year 2016 due to climate change 


More than 4°C above normal in parts of Greenland, North of Norway, and in NE-Siberia. 

 Changes in weather can take place in a short time.  It can be rainy for one hour and after that it can also get strong sunlight. Climate can also change. Climate change is natural and the climate of the Earth has been changing.  The change in the past took a long time to happen, but the rate of change at present is quite fast and as a result of these changes the earth is getting warmer.


 Facts about Climate change 

  • Methane is a Powerful greenhouse gas which is responsible for 25% of current global warming.
  • The most abundant Greenhouse Gas , accounting for about two-thirds of Greenhouse Gas's, is carbon dioxide (CO2), is largely the product of burning fossil fuels.
  • Presently the earth is getting hotter three times faster than the 1970s.
  • For the past 100 years, the average temperature of Antarctica is increasing twice the temperature of the Earth's average. Antarctica has reduced the snow covered area by 7 percent, while the seasonal decrease has increased by 15 percent.
  • NASA and NOAA data show that global averages in 2016(hottest year) were 1.78 degrees F (0.99 degrees C) warmer than the mid-20th century average.


The Main Greenhouse Gases 


Earth's atmosphere is composed of many gases including some greenhouse gases. Greenhouse is a layer of gases that contains carbon dioxide (CO2), methane(CH4) and Nitrous oxide (N2O). 


Gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect
Gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect 


1). Methane 

Methane is a Powerful greenhouse gas which is responsible for 25% of current global warming. 
Methane is produced through natural and human activities. For example,agricultural activities, and fossil fuel extraction and transport all emit CH4The oil and gas sector is the largest industrial source of methane emission.

2). Carbon Dioxide 

CO2 is a primary greenhouse gas that is contributing to recent climate change.CO2 is absorbed and emitted naturally as part of the carbon cycle, through plant and animal respiration, volcanic eruptions, and ocean-atmosphere exchange.
Scientists have found that since the industrial revolution, the amount of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is increasing very much. In the past 100 years the world temperature has increased at least 0.85 degree Celsius (1.53 degrees Fahrenheit). Not only this, the sea level has increased by 20 centimeters (8 in).
Approximately 280 parts per million by volume (ppm) in the 18th century to over 415 ppm in 2019. 

you can also check  weekly CO2 report 



Atmospheric CO2 weekly average report 2019 compares with 2009 data
Atmospheric CO2 weekly average report 2019 compares with 2009 data  by Mauna Loa observatory 

3). Nitrous Oxide -

  Nitrous oxide greenhouse gas produced by soil cultivation practices, especially the use of commercial and organic fertilizers, fossil fuel combustion, nitric acid production, and natural biological processes. N2O concentrations have increased more rapidly during the past century.

What is the relation between greenhouse gases and climate change?


As we know, the earth is the only planet on which life is possible. The favorable temperature on the surface of the Earth is an important factor in the presence of life, the average surface temperature of the earth is 14.40°C. The average surface temperature of Venus is 4490°C and Mars -550°C. These are our closest neighboring planets. Because of the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the temperature of the earth is favorable for life. These air absorbs some heat released from the sun's light and keep them close to the surface of the Earth. This natural process is called 'greenhouse effect'.


'greenhouse effect process
'greenhouse effect' process



But too much amounts of greenhouse gases can cause problems. As the volume of these increases, the quantity of heat on the earth surface also increases, resulting in 'global warming'. Because of this kind of earth warming, climate change.

For example, scientists believe that if we continue to emit carbon dioxide at this rate, then this level of air will double before the industrial revolution. As a result, by the year 2050, the average temperature of Earth will rise to 5.80°C. Although this increase may seem less noticeable, but its results will be universal.




Carbon dioxide (CO2) and climate change


CO2 is both a pollutant and the natural part of the atmosphere. At present, 380 molecules per million molecules in the air are CO2 (380ppm). Its volume of emissions is growing at a rate of one percent per annum. The amount of CO2 before the Industrial Revolution was 270-280 ppm.
Approximately 280 parts per million by volume (ppm) in the 18th century to over 415 ppm in 2019

CO2 is responsible for more than 55% of the greenhouse gases caused by human activities for the current global warming. The life span of CO2 molecules is longer and they last for about 200 years in the atmosphere.



Causes of climate change

Over the years, heavy changes have been observed in the natural climate. The two main causes are natural and man made.

Natural causes 

There are several natural causes of climate change such as the erosion of continents, volcanoes, and the earth's rotation.

1. Earth's inclination

This titled position of the earth axis is known as inclination.Earth is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees in its orbit. Changes in its inclination changes  the order of the weather. More inclination means more heat and more cold and less inclination mean less heat and less cold.

2 .volcanic eruptions

When volcanic eruption* occurs, it emits sulfur dioxide, water, dust and ash particles in the atmosphere in large amounts. Although volcano only works for a few days, but during this time the excessive amount of gases can affect the climate for a long time.

volcanic eruptions-- volcano is a mountain from which hot melted rock, gas, steam, and ash comes out  from inside when the Earth sometimes burst.


Human reason

1. Green house gases

Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, are mainly responsible for climate change. These include high emission carbon dioxide.
Power plants use large amounts of fossil fuels (like coal) for power generation. All of this produce large amounts of CO2. It is believed that 20% of the CO2 emitted worldwide due to the gasoline engine engaged in vehicles. Apart from this, 3 billion people continue to use solid fuels* and open fires for cooking,heating and lighting. The amount of carbon dioxide emitted in them is very high.

{solid fuel}*
                - Solid Fuel refers to various forms of physical materials that can be burned to mix energy, heat and light can be provided through the combustion process. ... Common examples of solar fuel include timber, charcoal, peat, coal, wood summer, corn, wheat, mustard and other grains.



Sources of greenhouse gas emissions


  • Deforestation
  • Use of non-biodegradable substances such as plastic
  • Use of more fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture
  • power station
  • Industrial factories
  • Vehicles and trains
  • Farming Products: Insecticide, pesticides 
  • Fossil fuels (coal and petrol)
  • domestic waste
  • Burning of biomass
  • Burning of garbage


impacts of climate change


1.Rise in Sea Level 

Major consequence of climate change is the increase in sea level.Global sea levels could rise more than two meters (6.6 feet) by the end of this century if emissions continue unchecked new report tells us that sea levels may rise much faster than previously estimated due to the accelerating melting of ice sheets in both Greenland and Antarctica.
 The melting of the glaciers is being speculated that within half a century the water level of the ocean will increase to about half a meter. Wasting of coastal areas, floods, soil erosion, rise in saline water, etc. will lead to many adverse consequences.

2. Effect on agriculture 

The population of developing countries is increased day by day so the demand of food is also increases. climate change has direct effect on agriculture such as change in temperature , rainfall etc.Soil erosion is increases due to the rising incidents of floods. Apart from its effect on crop yields, many species have disappeared due to climate change.

3. change in weather 

Climate change has seen a lot of changes in the weather. Unexplained rainfall in many places in India, or overheating that has a very bad effect on crops and animals.Just recently, the arrival of "fanny" cyclone in Orissa is due to all the climate change.


solution of  climate change

  1. Trees and forests should be saved and more plantation should be done.
  2. Materials like non-biodegradable plastic, should not be used. must Ban on single use plastic.
  3. The more cars on the road, the higher the emission of greenhouse gases. use public transport wherever possible. Walk for a short distance trip or use bicycles. commuters must use carpooling for same office, school etc.
  4. save power (Electricity) --Whenever we use electricity, then electric gadgets emit  the greenhouse gases in the air. By cutting off the lights, equipment, TVs, computers etc. when not in use, we can significantly reduce this emission.
  5. use LPG connection in homes for cooking. solid fuel emit harmful gases in environment.

Read more what is Air pollution ,causes and solutions


School strike for climate Lead by Greta Thunberg 

Greta Thunberg(school girl climate change worrier)
Greta Thunberg(school girl climate change worrier)

Greta Thunberg(school girl climate change worrier), the 16-year-old Swedish student whose solo protest last August prompted the global movement, said: “We proved that it does matter what you do and that no one is too small to make a difference.”
need to take strict steps against climate change 
on 24,may 2019, schoolchildren will be out on the streets again,in 150 countries, at over 4,000 events, demanding that governments immediately provide a safe pathway to stay within 1.5C of global heating.
For more details click here

 School students protest against the climate crisis in Melbourne, May 2019.
 School students protest against the climate crisis in Melbourne, May 2019.

Appreciate steps taken by countries for climate change 


  • UK and Ireland declare 'climate emergency' 
  • Plastic straws, drink stirrers and cotton buds with plastic stems will be banned from sale and use in England from April 2020.

Conclusion 

Due to the problem of climate change in the world, the threat is increasing. The melting ice in the Arctic, gliding glaciers, the flow of severe storms is telling us that we are going through the 'weather change' phase. The point of note is that its impact will not only affect coastal areas but it will be everywhere. It is believed that due to this the moisture will increase in the tropical desert. There will never be any heat in the plains, due to which various types of fatal diseases will arise.

Earth is the only planet in the universe where life has originated, but due to excessive pollution emissions and the exploitation of natural resources it is facing an imminent crisis of existence. In such a situation, the whole world is considering environmental protection to save human life and natural resources. We have to keep in mind that we do not resent nature so much that it is compelled to end our existence. We should respect him and take care of him, then he will take care of us.

Thank you!!