Saturday, April 13, 2019

what are sustainable development goals 

Termination of all forms of poverty from all over the world. 2. Promotion of hunger, food safety and better nutrition and sustainable agriculture. 3. Promote health-care and healthy life among people of all ages.

The sustainable development goal (SDG) is the set of future goals related to international development. They have been created by the United Nations for sustainable development. When the Millennium Development Goals are canceled at the end of 2015, they are replacing them. This goal will last from 2015 to 2030.

sustainable development goals
sustainable development goals 2030

History of SDG Goals 

Minneapolis Goal  - In 2000, the United Nations meeting was held. There the United Nations passed the resolution of the Millennium Development Goal. That goal was to achieve by 2015. It had 8 goals and the number of Associated Targets was 18.

Earth Conference   - This conference was held in Brazil in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Just 20 years later in Rio, the conference was called in 2012 by RIO + 20, where it was decided that the Kyoto Protocol will continue until 2020 and what to do after 2020, by deciding all the countries in the 2015 Paris conference. have to keep. It was also decided in this conference that there will be something like sustainable development goals. In its research, in September 2015, 17 Sustainable Development Goals were adopted in the United Nations Sustainable Development Conference, the date of commencement date is June 1, 2016, and the last date for obtaining the goal is 2030. The number of Associated Targets in the sustainable development goal is 169.

In 1987, the Commission formed to suggest environmental and development, named after the Brundtland Commission, firstly defined sustainable development.

According to the Economic Survey, SDG has 17 goals and 169 Associated Targets, which requires a lot of money to complete. So, by the year 2030, all the goals should be completed, it is not possible. Therefore, we will fulfill the goals based on priority.

In August 2015, 193 countries agreed on the following 17 goals.

What are the 17 sustainable development goals 

1. No poverty.

2. Promotion of hunger, food safety and better nutrition and sustainable agriculture.

3. Promote health-care and healthy life among people of all ages.

4. Give an opportunity to everyone to learn as well as ensure inclusive and equitable quality education.

5. gender equality.

6. Ensure availability of cleanliness and sustainable management of water for all.

7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy.

8. Promote continuous inclusive and sustainable economic development, complete and productive employment, and better work for all.

9. Promote flexible infrastructure, inclusive and sustainable industrialization.

10. Reduce inequality between countries and within.

11. Build safe, flexible and durable city and human settlements.

12. Ensuring sustainable consumption and production pattern.

13. Climate Action. 

14. Protection and use of oceans, sea and sea resources for sustainable development.

15. Attempts to prevent the growing loss of terrestrial ecosystems, safe forests, land degradation and biodiversity promoting continuous use.

16. To promote peaceful and inclusive committees for sustainable development, to be effective and accountable at all levels so as to ensure justice for all.

17. Strengthening the means of over-execution of reviving global partnership for sustainable development.

Now let's talk about the first sustainable goal.

 End poverty in all its forms

 Poverty ending everywhere

Elimination of poverty from the face of humanity is the biggest challenge. However, the number of people living in extreme poverty has dropped by more than half from 1.9 billion in 1990 to 800 million in  2015. Many people in 2015 are still struggling to meet the basic human needs.

Globally, more than 800 million people are still living less than $ 1.25 a day; Many people Don't  have food, clean drinking water and lack of hygiene. In countries like China and India, rapid economic growth has brought millions out of poverty, but development is unequal. Women are inadvertently impressed; They are more likely to live in poverty due to unpredictable access to pED work, education and property.

Progress is also limited to other areas, such as South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, which is used for 80% of the people living in extreme poverty. Due to climate change, new risks brought by conflict and food insecurity, the rate is expected to increase.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have a bold commitment to abolish it, and poverty has been eliminated in all the farms and measurements by 2030. 

Statistics about SDG 1 (2019)

After the implementation of sustainable goal 1, there was considerable difference. Poverty in the last 3 years has dropped from 823 million to about 600 million.

India has made a lot of contribution to it. By 2030, the figure is expected to be 436 million. It is a matter of great pleasure that 2019 has started with the lowest poverty in human history. The bad news is that poverty reduction rates will fall significantly in the next decade. Consequently, only 20 million people can avoid extreme poverty in 2019. At this rate, it will take five years to reduce to 500 million worldwide - so it is almost impossible to eliminate poverty by 2030.

India's success to achieve sustainable goal 1

                           The world's largest country, India is reducing extreme poverty across the country and the world is estimated by India's achievements. World Data Lab has anticipated the effects of this procedure that 50 million people of India will come in the form of extreme poverty levels, which will fall below 40 million (a poverty rate below 3%) by the end of 2019

Africa's stagnation.

                                In 2019, almost 70 percent of the world's poor are living in Africa, 50 percent five years ago. By 2023, Africa's share will increase by 80 percent. But now there is a hope that, in the year 2019, for the first time since the implementation of SDGs (2016), Africa will start reducing the total number of people living in extreme poverty, which is very difficult Is.

2030 aims of sustainable development goal 1 -

                     Asia will leave behind every developing area and in the beginning of 2019, the world's largest continent will have an average poverty rate of less than 3%. That part is estimated to fall further by 2025. Three Asian countries that will not be able to eliminate poverty by 2030 are Afghanistan, North Korea and Papua New Guinea. South America currently has a rate of poverty equal to 4 percent. Data shows that Venezuela, Suriname, and Bolivia sign off-track to eliminate poverty by 2030. They are affiliated with Guatemalan, Honduras, Belize and Haiti in Central America and the Caribbean. 

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