Friday, April 19, 2019

Sustainable development goal 3

main motive of Sustainable development goal 3 is to Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

Sustainable development goal 3


Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Poor health and suffering are the most basic types of harassment. In these years, significant achievements have been made in reducing the average age of people and reducing some of the most common diseases responsible for infant and maternal mortality. Despite global progress, proportion of infant deaths in Saharan's South African countries and South Asia region is increasing. Since 2000, there has been a decrease in major infectious diseases including HIV / AIDS, Malaria and TB in the world, but in many areas of the world these diseases and new epidemics are still a big challenge. We have made tremendous progress in exploring the technology for new treatments, vaccines and healthcare across the world, but making affordable health care to all is still a challenge.


The sustainable development goal 3
The sustainable development goal 3 


Why did we need the sustainable development goal 3 ?

The disease does not affect the well-being of one person only, but it creates a burden on family and public resources, reduces the weakness and capacity of the community. The health and wellness of people of all ages is a center for sustainable development.

Solutions to Achieve  sustainable development goal 3 


The international community has resolved world efforts to end disease, strengthen the treatment system and strengthen healthcare, and to resolve new and emerging issues through third-generation sustainable development. Therefore, new areas of thinking and research are needed to speed up the efforts of public policy. For better health, ensure that all health services are accessible, medicines and vaccines are fully available. It has also been suggested that issues related to mental health should be considered in new ways. The second major reason for suicide among people aged 19 to 25 is mental disorder in the world. Health and fitness are closely related to the quality of our environment.


India and goal three


India has made some progress in reducing the mortality rate of children under five years of age. In 1990, there was a mortality of 125 per 1000 people, which was reduced to 49 per 1000 people in 2013. India has made significant progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and AIDS in such categories as high risk of infection. Their trend in adults in 2002 was 0.45 percent, which was down to 0.27 percent in 2011. About one-quarter of the world's TB patients are in India. Tuberculosis is detected in approximately 22 million people every year and for this reason, some 220,000 people die. Government of India's National Health Mission, HIV In order to deal with HIV / AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, national programs are being preferred by national prosperity.


Target of  Sustainable development goal 3

  • By 2030, decreasing maternal mortality rates in the world by decreasing by one to 70 per lakh live child births.
  • Reduce preventable deaths in infants by the year 2030 and children at the age of five years. The purpose of all the countries is to reduce the infant mortality rate to one thousand live births at least 12 and to reduce the mortality rate of children in less than five years to less than 25 per thousand live births.


  • Major target is to decrease mortality rate

  • To end AIDS, TB, malaria and neglected tropical diseases by 2030 and face hepatitis, water borne diseases and other communicable diseases.
  • Reducing one-third reduction in rescue and treatment of untimely deaths from untreated diseases by 2030 and promoting mental health and well being.
  • Safeguard prevention and treatment with the use of narcotic substances and the harmful intake of alcohol.
  • Reduce the number of deaths and injuries caused by road accidents in the world by 2020.
  • To provide sexual and reproductive health services, including family planning information and education to all by 2030 and to include reproductive health in national policies and programs.
  • Providing health care for all, including financial risk protection, facilitating the best quality of health services and providing safe, effective, affordable and cost-effective medicines and vaccines to all.
  • Due to severe reduction in deaths and diseases caused by harmful chemicals, air, water, and soil pollution and pollution by 2030.

Facts and Figures 


  • 36.9 million people globally were living with HIV in 2017.
  • 21.7 million million people were accessing antiretroviral therapy in 2017.
  • 1.8 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2017.
  • 940 000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2017.
  • Over 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2015, primarily of children under five years of age in sub-Saharan Africa. The global malaria incidence rate has fallen by an estimated 37% and the mortality rates by 58%



Some steps  to achieve sustainable development goal 3?




  1. Substantially increase health financing, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.
  2. Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks
  3. Strengthen the implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate.




PROGRESS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 3 


1. Reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health


  •    Since 2000, the maternal mortality rate has dropped by 37%. However, in 2015, 303,000 women worldwide died during pregnancy or childbirth. During the period of 2012-2017, with the help of skilled health workers, 80% of the world's livestock, which was 62% in 2000-2005.
  • Globally, from 2000 to 2016, the under-5 mortality rate dropped by 47%, and the neonatal mortality rate fell by 39%. Over the same period, the total number of under-5 deaths dropped from 9.9 million to 5.6 million.
  • In 2016, 1.5 billion people were reported to require mass or individual treatment and care for neglected tropical diseases, down from 1.6 billion in 2015 and 2 billion in 2010.
  • Unsafe drinking water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene continue to be major contributors to global mortality, resulting in about 870,000 deaths in 2016. These deaths were mainly caused by diarrhoeal diseases, but also from malnutrition and intestinal nematode infections.
  • Globally, the incidence of HIV declined from 0.40 to 0.26 per 1,000 uninfected people between 2005 and 2016. For women of reproductive age in sub-Saharan Africa, however, the rate is much higher, at 2.58 per 1,000 uninfected people .
  • Available data from 2005 to 2016 indicate that close to 45 per cent of all countries and 90 % of least developed countries (LDCs) have less than one physician per 1,000 people, and over 60 per cent have fewer than three nurses or midwives per 1,000 people.



PROGRESS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 3 IN INDIA 


India has played an important role in shaping sustainable development goals (SDG). Therefore, it is not surprising that the National Development Goals of the country are being implemented by the SDG For example, India is fully committed to getting the SDG even before it is fully cleaned.


1. In addition to increasing access, a number of initiatives are being taken to improve the quality of health services. These include the development and award of a composite index to ensure a clean environment in government health services.

2. The National Health Policy, 2017, aims to widen primary health care, reduce child mortality rates and under 5, prevent untimely deaths due to non-communicable diseases, and increase government spending on health.

3. To deal with the death of children due to vaccine-preventive diseases and incomplete vaccinations, the government has been able to treat diphtheria, black cough, tetanus, T. BC seeks vaccine for all non-monis or partially immunized children from polio, measles and hepatitis.

4. As a step towards achieving comprehensive health coverage, the Government of India has declared a health insurance cover of Rs. 1,00,000 ($ 1,563) for families below the poverty line.


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elonjeevan

Author & Editor

ex science student

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