Saturday, April 13, 2019

Sustainable Development goal 2

According to Latest Report (2019) of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Despite the implementation of sustainable development goal 2 (Zero Hunger ) sill 52 million people in Near East and North Africa are Undernourished.

Sustainable Development goal 2



 Zero starvation, food safety and better nutrition and sustainable farming promotion 
HUNGER  PAIN  Goal 2 by 2030 #Zerohunger
HUNGER  PAIN  Goal 2 by 2030 #Zerohunger 


The challenge.


Even though there is enough food to feed every person in the world, one in nine people is hungry today. Two-thirds of these helpless people live in Asia. If we did not think deeply about the world's diet and agricultural systems, it is estimated that by 2050, the number of hungry people worldwide will reach two billion. Throughout the world, the number of people who have been exposed to the developing area has reduced by almost half since 1990. It was 23.3% in 1990-1992, which was 12.9% in 2014-2016. But 79.5 million people are still underweight. Inadequate rural transformation hampers efforts to eradicate hunger and malnutrition by 2030 

New Statistics 2019 


According to latest Report(2019) of  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 

Hunger continues to rise in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) where over 52 million people are undernourished, 33.9 million are in conflict countries and 18.1 are in non-conflicting countries . 

  • Children under 5 affected by Stunting (Low Height than age ) = 21.1%
  • Children under 5 affected by Wasting (Low weight than Height ) = 8.7%
  • Children under 5 affected by overweight ( High weight for Height ) = 9.1%

  • #ZeroHunger by 2030 Target of SDGoal2
    #ZeroHunger by 2030 Target of SDGoal2 

Why Sustainable Goal 2 is important?


To improve the condition of food and farming, working to achieve another 16 continuous development goals can have huge impact. This can help to cope with climate change, increase economic growth and contribute to peace and stability in societies across the world. At this time, our soil, fresh water, ocean, forest and biodiversity are increasingly decaying. With climate change, there is a lot of pressure on those resources which we are dependent on and the dangers associated with natural disasters are increasing. When rural women and men fail to live up to their land, they are going to the cities in search of opportunities. Creating the power to face natural disasters is an important part of the struggle of hunger in the world because issues related to food security are severe due to these crisis-hit countries.



India and goal 2


The burden of hunger on South Asia is still the highest. 28.1 crore underprivileged people comprise 40 percent of India's population. How we grow and eat our food, all this has a profound impact on the level of hunger, but this thing does not end there. If done properly, cultivation and forest can be our protectors from the good source of income for the population of the world, the operator of rural development and climate change. Farming is the single largest sector employing the world, 40.6% of the world's population and 54.6% of the total workforce in India have got employment in agriculture.

Regardless of the employment of more than half of the country's population, agriculture sector contribution in India's GDP is only 15%. Government of India has given priority to strengthening agriculture by taking steps in the field of irrigation, crop insurance and better varieties. The government has also taken important steps to increase food security. These include nationwide targeted Public Distribution System, a National Nutrition Mission and National Food Security Act. National Agriculture Development Scheme, National Mission on sustainable farming, and many national schemes about horticulture, agricultural technology and cattle are playing a leading role in improving farming conditions in India.

An objective


  • To eradicate starvation by 2030 and provide safe, nutritious and adequate food to the people living in the condition of helplessness, especially in the condition of poor and infant children.
  • To eradicate malnutrition by 2030, in which involves achieving the internationally agreed target of dwarfism and impairment in children younger than 5 years by 2025. Apart from this, meeting the requirements of adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers and older persons.
  • Due to the productivity of farming by 2030 and especially the income of small food producers including women, native residents, family farmers, shepherds and fishermen. This work is to be done through permanent and equal access to the land, other productive resources and raw materials, information, financial services, opportunities for market and value addition and facilitating non-agricultural employment.
  • Ensuring sustainable food production systems by 2030 and adopting such farming methods of farming which help in conservation of ecological systems, climate change, hard weather, drought, flood and other disasters, Quality of land and soil is constantly improved.
  • By 2020 seeds, grown plants, kept for business and kept genetic diversity of pets and their related wild species protected by well-managed and diversified middle and seed banks at national, regional and international levels and genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge The benefits arising out of the use of the unity and integrity as per international agreement To as dispense and encourage access.
  • Increasing investment in rural infrastructure structures, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and cattle gene banks, including more international cooperation, in addition to increasing agricultural productivity capacity in developing countries, especially in the least developed countries.



 Impact of sustainable development goal 2 


The 2018 Global Hunger Index (GHI) indicates that hunger and malnutrition levels across the world fall below 29.2 in 2000, at a price of 20.9. This improvement has been reduced in every of four GHI indicators since 2000 - under-nutrition, hair stunting, child wasting, and child mortality. This is possible due to sustainable development goal 2.

latest global hunger report 2018
global hunger index 2018


 Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at global, regional, and national levels. GHI scores are calculated each year to assess progress and setbacks in combating hunger. The GHI is designed to raise awareness and understanding of the struggle against hunger.

How is the Global Hunger Index measured?


The problem of hunger is complex, and different words Used to describe its various forms.
Hunger is usually understood to refer to the distress associated with a lack of sufficient calories. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines food deprivation, or undernourishment, as the consumption of too few calories to provide the minimum amount of dietary energy that each individual requires to live a healthy and productive life, given that person’s sex,
age, stature, and physical activity level.

Undernutrition-  

                            under nutrition goes beyond calories and signifies deficiencies in any or all of the following: energy, protein, and/or essential vitamins and minerals. Under nutrition is the result of inadequate intake of food in terms of either quantity or quality, poor utilization of nutrients due to infections or other illnesses, or a combination of these factors. These, in turn, are caused by a range of factors, including household food insecurity; inadequate maternal health or childcare practices; or inadequate access to health services, safe water, and sanitation.

Malnutrition -

                        Malnutrition  broadly refers to both types of malnutrition (Problems caused by deficiencies) and over-nutrition (probe Lunches caused by unbalanced diets, such as consuming too Many calories with regard to or without requirements Less food intake of micro nutrients)

First, for every country, values are determined for four indicators:

1. UNDERNOURISHMENT:
                                                The share of the population that is under-nourished (that is, whose caloric intake is insufficient);

2. CHILD WASTING:
                                     The share of children under the age of five are wasted (that is, who has low weight for their height, reflecting acute under nutrition);

3. CHILD STUNTING:
                                        The share of children under the age of five are stunted (that is, who has low altitude for their age, reflecting chronic under nutrition).

4. CHILD MORTALITY:
                                          The mortality rate of children under the age of five (in part, a reflection of the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).


In the countries included in the GHI, the share of the population that is undernourished stands at 12.3 percent as of 2015–2017, down from 17.6 percent in 1999–2001. Of children under five, 27.9 percent are stunted based on data from 2013–2017, down from 37.1 percent in 1998–2002, and 9.3 percent are wasted, down slightly from 9.7 percent in 1998–2002. Finally, the under-five mortality rate was 4.2 percent as of 2016, down from 8.1 percent in 2000.

global and regional hunger index between 2000 and 2018
global and regional hunger index between 2000 and 2018

According to the 2018 report, India's world hunger index was 103. Which was at 55th rank in 2014. If this is the case? So will India be able to achieve the 2030 target? Which has come down significantly in the last 4 years.

Conclusion 


Despite  improvements, the question remains whether the world will achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2, which aims to end hunger, ensure food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture, by 2030.The ambition of a world without hunger and malnutrition by 2030 will be challenging - achieving it will require renewed efforts through new ways of working.

Thanks for reading !!!
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elonjeevan

Author & Editor

ex science student

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