Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Labor Day 2021: History, Significance and theme

Labor Day 2021: It is also known as, International Labor Day, International Worker's Day, and May Day.

Labor Day and its Theme 2021



The day of May 1st is celebrated as Labor Day. International Worker's Day is celebrated for the last 132 years.


In 1877, the workers started the movement to decide on working hours. On May 1, 1886 millions of workers from all over America started a strike together. At least 380,000 workers of 11,000 factories participated in this strike and thus began to commemorate the first May as Mazdoor Diwas.


 It was started in India since 1923. Behind this day, there is a strike of workers unions that were not done for more than eight hours. During the strike, there was a bomb blast in Hay Market of Chicago. To combat this situation the police fired, in which seven laborers were killed.


Every Year  May 1st is celebrated as Labor Day.
Every Year  May 1st is celebrated as Labor Day.



What is the theme of Labor Day 2021 ?

The theme of International Labor Day 2021 is yet to be announced. The 2020 theme of labor day was “Maintaining safety and security at the workplace”.


History: Labor Day commenced on 1st May 1886


On May 1, Labor Day is celebrated in almost all the countries of the world. Labor Day is celebrated in the honor of working people in India. It was started in India by the Labor Kisan Party of Hindustan on 1 May 1923 in Chennai (Madras).

 In the past, the condition of the working class was extremely pathetic. Workers were employed for 10 to 15 hours a day. Workplace was so heterogeneous and unfavorable that there were incidents of accidental death of laborers only during the daytime work there. Due to these circumstances, some workers in the US began to raise voice for the welfare of the workers by "Troubleshooting Federation" and "Socialist Union".


How the Labor Day Begins


International Labor Day commenced on 1 May 1886 when the labor unions of the United States decided together that they would not work more than 8 hours, for which organizations organized a strike. A bomb blast occurred in Chicago's Hey market during this strike, to combat the police, the police fired on the workers in which many workers died and more than 100 injured. 

After this, a proposal was passed in the second meeting of the International Socialist Conference in 1889, in which it was announced that Memorial Day will be celebrated as International Labor Day on May 1 in memory of the innocent people killed in the Hey market .



In Europe Labor day is Celebrated as pagan festival .


Celebration of Pagan Festival on Labor Day in Europe
Celebration of Pagan Festival on Labor Day in Europe 


This day in Europe is historically associated with rural Pagan festivals. Labor Day was celebrated as the first celebration on September 5, 1882 in America. Similarly, Labor Day in New South Wales and South Australia is celebrated on the first Monday of October.

 However, till now it is not known who was the Founder of Labor Day? Some believe that the founder of the American Federation of Labor Peter J. McGuire made his debut. At the same time, some people also believe that Mathew Magura introduced it.


How is labor day celebrated?


Today, the days of uncertain work of the workers of the world were transformed into 8 hours. The working class organizes big rallies on this day. The conference is organized by the International Labor Organization (ILO) on this day. 

On this day, special assistance and gifts are also offered to the working class by the government on the day of progress  of the working class of the country. For this class people are provided free or reduced price ration, clothes, education,loan for House etc. 

 On Labor Day, programs are broadcast for labor awakening by media such as TVs, newspapers, and radio, and large political parties also make several important announcements for the welfare of the working class on this day.


Rallies Organised on Labor day
Rallies Organised on Labor day 


With this, there is a national holiday on this day in almost 80 countries of the world, and on this day, all workers  are on leave. The progress of any country depends on the farmers and workers (laborers / workers) of that country. 

As the strong "foundation" plays an important role in building and supporting a house, workers (employees) have a special role to create a society, country, industry, institution, business in the same way, Those who make the society strong and mature and lead society to success, who work for any organization or privately anybody, and in turn pay a salary, all the people of the working class Come in.



Labor Day has been known as a celebrated festival day of the world. This day is dedicated to the working class who, by working hard and earnestly by working hard day and night in different parts of the world, contribute its priceless contribution to the progress of that country. 

Every person who is physically and mentally working, is a laborer, whether it is brick cement, or an employee sitting under the file in the AC office, the working class is an integral and important part of any society, giving him the respect Is duty. 

If injustice is being done to the laborers in any place or they are being oppressed, then making the matter public and raising the voice against that evil is the duty of every responsible citizen. All these laborers, workers' day is celebrated to give respect to the workers.


Thank you !!


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elonjeevan

Author & Editor

ex science student

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