Wednesday, October 9, 2019

Gender Equality and Women's empowerment: SDG5

elonjeevan
While in early 21st century,the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment but still many women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in all over the world. 


gender equality and women’s empowerment
gender equality and women’s empowerment


Before we go any further, let's take a look at some facts and figures of gender inequality.



  • Worldwide, 750 million girls were married before the age of 18.
  • About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years give birth each year in developing regions.
  • 1 in 3 that mean 35% of women have experienced physical or sexual violence.
  • Only 52% of women married or in a union freely make their own decisions about sexual relations, contraceptive use and health care.
  • Worldwide, women are just 13% of agricultural land holders.
  • In 39 countries, daughters and sons do not have equal inheritance rights.
  • In 18 countries, husbands can legally prevent their wives from working at public place. 

We will now discuss in detail what the issue is this and why women are facing discrimination. What steps the government and international organizations have taken to address gender equality.

Gender equality:- 

                                         Gender equality means that men and women have equal power and equal opportunities for financial independence, personal development, and education. 

Forms of Gender discrimination:- 

 There are many ways in which a woman is discriminated against. Some of his examples are as follows.

Discrimination with a woman occurs from birth to her last breath.

  • Inequality in Family 
  • Basic Facility inequality
  • Ownership inequality
  • Professional or educational inequality
  • Special opportunity inequality
  • cultural inequality

Causes of Gender inequality 

Main cause of Gender inequality is culture's backwardness. Cultural backwardness is an inconsistency that arises due to a human not being able to adapt to his rapid physical development. Which later comes out through his behavior and emotions.

  • Patriarchy :- It has a patriarchal system that is basically responsible for gender inequality in Indian society. According to the famous sociologist Sylvia Walby, "patriarchalism is the system of social structure in which women are opposed, exploited and dominated by men."


  • Lack of Education and extreme poverty :-  Another major cause of gender inequality is lack of education. Although the world is making progress in achieving gender parity in education, girls still make up a higher percentage of out-of-school children than boys. Approximately one quarter of girls in the developing world do not attend school. Typically, families with limited means who cannot afford costs such as school fees, uniforms, and supplies for all of their children will prioritize education for their sons.  Families may also rely on girls' labor for household chores, carrying water, and childcare, leaving limited time for schooling. Educating the daughter of the house, unfortunately even today is considered a loss deal because one day she has to get married and go to another house.

The saddest among all these things is that women too have accepted themselves as subordinate to men and have considered themselves to be of secondary status. 

Benefits of Gender Equality for future  


The population of countries like India is increasing day by day due to which the government is working hard to provide food for every human being. The main reason for this is the lack of education among women.

1. Prioritizing girls' education probably gives the largest return on investment in developing countries.

 A well-educated girl is do everything such as:-
  • she more likely to postpone her marriage
  •  Nurture a small family
  •  Raise healthy children 
  • send her children to school. 

Apart from this she has more opportunities to earn income and participate in political processes.


2. Women's health and safety is another important area. HIV/AIDS is becoming an increasingly impactful issue for women. These all issues are raised because of lack of education. 

Maternal health is also an issue of specific concern. In many countries, women have limited access to prenatal and infant care, and are more likely to experience complications during pregnancy and childbirth. This is a critical concern in countries where girls marry and have children before they are ready (married before 18). Quality maternal health care can provide an important entry point for information and services that empower mothers as informed decision-makers concerning their own health and the health of their children.


Need of the Hour 

Since gender inequality constitutes one of the history’s most persistent and widespread forms of injustice. it's time to change the thinking of everyone towards the status of women in our society. 

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but also necessary foundation for a peaceful and sustainable world.

so, for this united nation made sustainable development goal 5. 

why is sustainable development goal 5 important? 


Goal 5 aims to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women  and to undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources and access to ownership of property.

Equal access to education, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision making processes are not only rights women should have, they benefit humanity at large. By investing in the empowerment of women, we not only make progress on SDG 5 of the Sustainable Development Goals, but we also make gains on the alleviation of poverty and fuel sustainable economic growth.


SDGoal 5 gender equality
                       SDGoal 5 gender equality 

Target of SDG 5 (sustainable development goal)



 1. End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

2. Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

3. Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation

4. Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

5. Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision  making in political, economic and public life

6. Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

7. Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
8. Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women

9. Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.

Goal 5 and India

India is on track to achieve parity at all education levels. 
Following initiatives are already running by Indian government for women. 

 1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao yogana- For equal opportunity in education for girls . 
 2. Sukanya Samridhi Yojana- For girl child prosperity
 3. Janani Suraksha Yojana- For the pregnant women to reduce mortality rate. 

 India is also confronting the challenge of violence against women. Government of India has identified ending violence against women as a key national priority, which resonates with the Sustainable Development targets of the United Nations on gender equality.


Voice of Malala Yousafzai 


Nobel prize winner malala yousafzai (social activist) doing great work to empowering women. because she thinks that education is a powerful weapon to change any circumstances. 
she emphasis on that education for girls is most important. 

Famous quotes of Malala yousafzai 


we realize the importance of light when we see darkness We realize the importance of our voice when we are silenced we realized the importance of pens and books when we saw the guns. 


Malala yousafzai fight for women rights (Gender Equality and Women's empowerment)
Malala yousafzai fight for women rights
( Gender Equality and Women's empowerment)







"One child, one teacher, one pen and one book can change the world"










Conclusion 


Many such provisions will be made in the coming time for Gender Equality and Women's empowerment , strict laws will continue to be implemented, but in reality the change will only come when the mindset of men and society about women will start to change.

When a man does not consider a woman to be under him, he will give her equal status and respect. And mental changes will not only come in men, but women also have to come forward for their rights, they will have to raise their voice and protest against the evils indulged in this patriarchal system.

In ancient times, someone well said that " Behind every successful man Is a strong woman holding him up"


Respect for woman Gender Equality
Respect for woman ( Gender Equality)


Dear friends, now it’s time to speak up for Gender Equality and Women's empowerment ... We will speak for our rights and we will bring change through our voice. Our words can change the world.


Thanks.............

Monday, September 30, 2019

Single Use plastic Ban: it's time to use its alternatives.

elonjeevan
  On the occasion of India’s Independence Day (15 August),  Prime Minister Narendra Modi  had appealed to the nation to stop the use of single-use plastic to achieve our goal to make India free from single use plastic by 2022.


India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019
India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019


India is set to impose a nation-wide ban on single-use plastic on October 2, 2019, on the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. As per reports, six items will be banned  including plastic bags, straws, cups, plates, small bottles and certain types of sachets.

The ban will also cover manufacturing, usage and import of single use plastic items. The campaign is a part of the central government’s ongoing Swatch Bharat Mission.

content:-

  • what is single use plastic?
  • why plastic is being banned?
  • how much plastic each Indian use annually ?
  • how much plastic waste comes in India from foreign countries?
  • which methods are used to dispose plastic waste and why they do not work??
  • what are the replacements of plastic bags?
  • General public should be aware about the harmful effects of single use plastic


Let us now understand what is single-use plastic and why is it being banned.



Single Use Plastic -  In simple words those things which are just one time used and thrown. 

Single-use plastic items -  The single-use plastic items include plastic bags, water bottles, plastic plates, cups, soda bottles, straws, most food packaging and coffee stirrers and many  more.. 


must Read- How plastic harm the environment?


Why is single-use plastic being banned?

As we know that, nowadays  climate change and the environment becoming a growing global concern, plastic pollution and waste management of plastics has become a major topic of concern.

In all over world,Millions of tons of plastic is being produced every year. whereas only In India, about 25,940 tons of  plastic wastes are collected every day. only 60% of which is recycled. The rest of the waste goes into the sea via rivers or is eaten by stray animals that cause their death.

Most plastics are non biodegradable and, over time, this plastic breaks down into small pieces  and releases toxic chemicals into the water reservoir, which in turn makes its way into the food chain and effects our body. 


Each Indian uses 11kg of plastic annually. 

According to FICCI's 2017 report, every Indian uses 11 kilograms of plastic annually. It is 10 times more commonly used in the United States. Therefore, every american uses 109 kilos of plastic annually.
Due to India's population, about 5.5 lac plastic waste is dumped in the sea.

Accordingly, to Nature communication's report 2017 annually 1.10 lac tonnes of plastic waste is dumped into the Bay of Bengal from the Ganges.  According to one estimate, 80 million tons of plastic annually goes into the ocean. If It is not controlled then By 2050 the plastic will be more in sea than fish. 

Also read- Facts about plastic pollution 

Over 1.5 million tons of plastic waste comes from overseas

Every year more than 1.5 lac tonnes of Plastic waste comes  in India from foreign countries.  1.81 lac tonnes of plastic waste was imported in 2017-18 and 2.18 lac tonnes in 2018-19.
In addition, 19,305 tonnes of plastic waste has already arrived in India till April 2019.


There are many recycling units throughout the country, where there is a non-official plastic recycle. But the bulk of the plastic is not recycled which damages the environment.


Plastic waste disposal methods do not work


 Three measures have been adopted to dispose of plastic waste.

1.Usually filled in a plastic pit, because plastic never burns.

2. As a second remedy it is burned, but this method is very polluting. Plastic equipment usually emits carbon dioxide gas. For example, on burning  polystyrene releases chlorofluorocarbons, which are harmful to the ozone layer of the environment. Likewise, poisonous gases such as chlorine, nylon, and polygranium, and nitric oxide are emitted upon burning polyvinyl chloride.

 3. The third and most discussed method of plastic disposal is the recycling of plastics. Recycling means recycling plastic and recreating new plastic products. Plastic Recycling was first started in 1970 by a California firm. Plastic recycling is rarely done. because the cost of recycling plastic is very high. 



What are the plastic bag replacements?



 The whole world is shocked by the use of plastic bags and the damage it causes. As a replacement for plastic bags, clothes, jute and paper bags are being replaced. However, using paper bags may not be the best option as such bags are not strong and durable and they produce carbon in the process of decaying.
 Not only that, wood will be needed to make these paper bags and the wood will need to be cut down the trees. and the cutting of the tree may not be environmentally friendly in any case.

To tackle this problem, the European Commission is considering launching plastic bags that are biologically exhausted so as not to cause any harm to the environment.
But the bag made from maize produces methane gas on decomposing. which causes global warming. In the wake of this effort, a British company claims to have made plastic bags that can be automatically destroyed within 18 months. Until then, using clothes and jute bags is the right choice.


 Although clothing and jute bags are strong and durable,but they are not cheap. In such a situation, it is possible to prevent these problems over time if awareness of the harm caused by the use of plastic bags is brought to light. Hope you are ready to contribute so much to the environment and the world.

Also Read- ways to reduce plastic pollution 


The general public should be aware about the effects of single use plastic. 


The country consumes over 170 million tonnes of plastic annually. With its increasing use, human life is at stake. There is a need for the general public to be aware, although this plastic has become a necessity for every human being, but there is nothing better than life.
 Therefore, the government as well as the general public will have to be aware that where we do not need plastic, we can stop using it. For example, instead of eating with a plastic spoon, eat with a steel spoon.

 These days, alternatives to single use of plastic such as bottles, straws and glasses are being introduced in the market. Jute bags, bowls made from leaves of trees, small plates etc... can reduce the use of  plastic. Marriage - At weddings, big parties, if people are going to use their alternatives instead of single-use plastic, it will probably help to keep the environment safe and healthy.


Become aware, protect the environment and make other people aware of the damage from single use plastic.

Don't forget to share this post.. 

Friday, September 13, 2019

Sustainable development goals 13

elonjeevan

SDG 13- Take immediate action to combat climate change. 

sustainable development goals 13 climate action
sustainable development goals 13 climate action 


The challenge of Sdg 13 


The climate of the earth is changing which have a serious impact on our daily lives.  People have to experience the changing form of weather, rising sea level and harsh weather.
 Due to this climate change, greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are increasing. The emission of greenhouse gases is at the highest level in history today. Since 1880, the world temperature increased by an average of 0.85 °C (1.33°F) over the last century{Source- Down to Earth :climate change} 

Must Read- what is climate change it's causes and effects 

 Every one degree increase in temperature reduces the yield of grains by about 5%. Between 1981 and 2002, yields of maize, wheat and other major crops declined by 40 megatons per year. From 1901 to 2010 the level of seawater in the world increased by an average of 19 centimeters as the warming temperatures and melting of ice led to the expansion of the oceans.
 Global emissions of carbon dioxide have increased by almost 50% since 1990.
So, overall Climate change is tearing down national economies.

Read Now - How climate change is increased the risk of flooding ?

What is SDG 13 climate action?


The SDgoal aims to mobilize US$100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries to adapt to climate change and invest in low-carbon development.


Why is SDG 13 important?

If no action was taken, it is estimated that the average surface temperature in the world will increase in the 21st century and this rise will be 9°F higher by the end of the century.{source- Climate Change in the 21st Century} 
Scientists predict that sea level could rise another 8 inches to 6.5 feet by the end of the century. It has the most adverse effect on the poorest and most helpless people.Apart from this, Climate change also increases Natural disasters, heavy rainfall, hurricanes,droughts and coping with them is essential for protecting our lives and the well-being of future generations.



An objective of SDG 13 



1. Strengthen the capacity to tolerate and adapt to climate hazards and natural disasters in all countries.
2. To incorporate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning process.
3. Improve human and institutional capacity, education and awareness generation to mitigate the impact of climate change, and to provide early warning.
4. To implement the resolutions of the developed countries related to the United Nations Climate Change Framework Conference to raise US $ 100 billion per year by 2020 from all sources, to take meaningful action to reduce climate change and transparency in its implementation To cater  the needs of developing countries.

Must Read-  To Achieve target of goal 13 what we can do to reduce climate change ?

5. Encourage effective climate change-related mechanisms in the least developed countries and small island developing countries to focus on women, youth and local and marginalized communities.

6. Recognizing that the United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change is an international, inter-governmental forum for dialogue on global action about climate change.



India and Goal 13

India is the 3rd highest emitter of CO2 and is accounted for 7% of global carbon emissions.The United States, the largest emitter, was responsible for 14%.
However, the emissions intensity of India’s Gross Domestic Product reduced by 12% between 2005 and 2010.
In October 2015, India made a commitment to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25% compared to 2005 levels by 2020 and by 33-35% by 2030.{source- India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5%} India has also committed to having 40 per cent  of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. 
At present, India has an installed power-generation capacity of 357,875 MW, of which around 22 per cent  or 80,000 MW is generated through clean energy projects such as  wind and solar. With addition of large hydro projects to clean energy segment, India is poised to have 225 gigawatt (GW) of renewable energy by 2022.


Progress of Goal 13 


Climate change is now affecting every country all over the world because of rising greenhouse gas emissions. 

To strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, countries adopted the Paris Agreement at the COP21 in Paris.  In the agreement, all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees centigrade. As of April 2018, 175 parties had ratified the Paris Agreement and 10 developing countries had submitted their first iteration of their national adaptation plans for responding to climate change.

  • As at 20 May 2019, twenty eight countries had accessed Green Climate Fund grant financing for the formulation of national adaptation plans and other adaptation planning processes, with a value of $75 million. Of these, 67% were for least developed countries, small island developing States and African States. Proposals from an additional 7 countries, with a value of $17 million, are in the final stage of approval. In total, seventy five countries are seeking support from the Green Climate Fund for national adaptation plans and other adaptation planning processes, with a combined value of $191 million.{ Source: Report  of the Secretary-General,  Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals }

The UN Climate Action Summit (2019) is being held on 23 September in new York with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, along with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45% over the next 10 years, and to net zero emissions by 2050, according to information available on the UN website.



Tuesday, August 27, 2019

How Amazon rainforest fire (an environmental catastrophe) causes climate change ?

elonjeevan
After the fire in the forests of Amazon, the issue of climate change and environmental protection has once again come to dominate the whole world.

The forest of Amazon, which is known worldwide as the Heart of Oxygen, is now in the grip of pollution itself.

Due to The lack of media coverage over Amazon fire many people still are unaware about the massive fire in Amazon Rain forest. You will be surprised to know that this year more than 72000 fire incidents have come to light in this forest.

 it is very important to know about it from the perspective of environment. 


Record Breaking fire in Brazil's Amazon Forest
Record Breaking fire in Brazil's Amazon Forest 


Because Approximately 20 percent of the world's oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rain forest. That is why it is called as the "lungs of the planet".

If you do not know about world's largest ecosystem no need to worry. here we will discuss in detail about Amazon forest. 

Let's start ............

Content:- 


  •      What is the Amazon rain forest?
  •      Where is amazon rain forest located?
  •      Total Area of amazon forest 
  •      How much oxygen does the Amazon produce?
  •      Why is the Amazon rain forest so important?
  •      What is problem in Amazon Rain Forest Nowadays?
  •      Causes of Massive Amazon Forest Fire
  •      What is the connection of Amazon Fire with climate change?
  •      Final Thought 


   

1. What is the Amazon rain forest?

Arial view of Amazon Rainforest
Arial view of Amazon Rainforest 


The Amazon rain forest is the world’s largest tropical rain forest (approximately 2 times greater than all over world's all forests), famous for it's massive biodiversity of animals, plants, rivers and insects etc. It is Intercrossed by thousands of rivers, including world's largest river "The Amazon River" (by quantity of water) and in it is world's second largest river after Nile river. 



2. where is amazon rain forest located? 

Amazon Rain Forest is Located in South America continent.  

Green shade shows that Amazon forest is located in nine countries
Green shade shows that Amazon forest is located in nine countries


percentage wise located in following countries

1. Brazil - Majority of the forest is in Brazil i.e 60%.
2. Peru -  13%
3. Colombia - 10%

Other minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.


3. Total Area of amazon forest. 

Total Area of this forest is  5,500,000 square km (2,100,000 sq mi) area of dense tropical forest, this is the largest rain forest in the world. that mean If Amazon  were a country, it would be the ninth largest country in the world. The rain forest is so big that it comprises more than half of the world’s remaining rain forests even thought it covers only 6 percent of the earth’s surface.

4. How much oxygen does the Amazon produce?

Nearly  20% of the world;s oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rain forest. because More than half of the world's estimated 10 million species of plants(39000 crores) , animals(17000 species) and insects live in the tropical rain forests. One-fifth of the world's fresh water is in Amazon Basin. and we know that Tiny ocean plants called phytoplankton produce maximum amount of oxygen in earth's atmosphere. 


5. Why is the Amazon rain forest so important?


Amazon Rain forests is often called "the lungs of the planet" for their role in absorbing CO2 (2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide),  greenhouse gas (that contributes to global warming), and producing oxygen(20%), upon which all living organs depend for survival. 

Must Read - What are Greenhouse Gases ?

it helps to control the earth's climate change and slow global warming by fixing carbon dioxide over emission and also  helps maintain the water cycle by producing large quantities of rainfall (between 1,500 mm and 3,000 mm) every year.

6. So Question is that, what is the problem here?


 There is a fire in the Amazon rain forest.  It is a matter of concern that this fire is spreading very fast.  And has been continuously engaged for the last three weeks.  By the way, there is a fire in the forests not only by natural reasons.  Sometimes due to the negligence and deliberate actions of humans.

This fire of Amazon is said to be mixed.  Meaning, some part of this fierce fire is due to natural reasons.  The rest is mostly due to humans.  According to reports, this time, there were more than 72,000 different fires in Brazil.
The National Institute for Space Research says its satellite data shows an average 85 percent increase on the same period in 2018.






7. Causes of Massive Amazon Forest Fire


 Fire incidents are common in Brazilian forests in the dry season between July and October.  There is a fire here due to natural reasons. But Experts claim that the incidence of fire is increasing due to deforestation in Brazil.  A few days ago some cities were covered by black deep smoke, which caused the problem of tremendous air pollution and everything became foggy.  Environmental activists blame Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro for the current situation.  He says that Brazilian presidents appease people in timber smugglers and illegal mining, adding to the plight of the forests.

 Country wise fire incidents:-

 Brazil-- 75,000

 Venezuela 26,500

 Bolivia- 17,200

 Colombia -14,200

 Peru- 5,680

 Guyana- 890

 Ecuador- 290

 French Guiana- 11



8. What is the connection of Amazon Fire with climate change?


 Greenpeace said forest's fire and climate change operate in a vicious circle. As the number of fires increase, greenhouse gas emissions do too. This makes the planet's overall temperature rise, the organization said. As the temperature increases, extreme weather events like major Flooding and droughts happen more often. 

Must Read - How climate change is increased the risk of flooding ?

Must Read - Effects of Climate Change On Future Generation



"In addition to increasing emissions, deforestation contributes directly to a change in rainfall patterns in the affected region, extending the length of the dry season, further affecting forests, biodiversity, agriculture and human health," Greenpeace said in the release. 


Final Thoughts 


Natural resources present on the earth are getting depleted day by day.  This is a danger bell for the future.  If strict steps are not taken to save  these natural resources, otherwise in the coming few years, the results will be terrible.

it's very sad that At a time when the world needs billions more trees to absorb the carbon  that we continue to emit on a daily basis, but our planet is losing its biggest rain forest.


Thanks for Reading .. Don't Forget to share with your Friends..


Saturday, August 24, 2019

How climate change is increased the risk of flooding ?

elonjeevan
In areas where there was havoc of drought till a few weeks ago, there is now a havoc of floods. Then, we were looking at drought in the context of climate change. Now the flood is in terrible havoc, now we are watching the flood from the point of view of climate change. Due to floods on the land, there are policies made by humans, which is called "Man Made Crisis". Unfair use of natural resources increases the causes of climate change.


Presently, the rapid erosion of the natural resources of our biosphere has led to serious changes in the global climate here, which have serious effects on the human and other animal species.  Due to not being able to adapt this climate changes, dinosaurs and other organisms have not been able to save their existence.  Climate change is due to natural, mechanical and anthropological processes like greenhouse gases for example carbon dioxide, methane etc., is called climate change.  These gases accumulate in the atmosphere and raise the temperature and this changes the climate.

Must Read- What are Greenhouse Gases and how effect environment ?

Climate change, global temperature rise, rise in sea level, change in crop cycle, etc. Apart from this climate changes are not only for our children but also for our children and their children's children, there are great calamities for landslides, tsunamis, epidemics, migration and health.

This year there has been a lot of disaster in many states of the country. These states look like a disaster area because floods have sank many villages. Roads have been broken, crops have been damaged, rail services have been shut down, airports have been closed and the economy has collapsed.

Floods have killed more than 370 people so far, leaving more than 1 million homeless. 

The devastation of the flood is called the will of God, but the harm it causes is certainly man made and the fault of the human being. It's called the "Man Made Disaster."


Climate change Causes Cloudburst



If we look closely at the problem of the last few years in India, the effect of climate change is visible directly. Like the city of Leh was devastated by a cloudburst in August 2010. in September 2014, Jammu and Kashmir suffered the worst of 60 years of severe floods, affecting six lakh people and killing more than 200 people.

Recently, in August 2019,due to cloudburst in Uttrakhand and heavy rain in northern states death toll reaches to 37. 



Floods in Punjab, India
Floods in Punjab, India 


It is no secret that India is an agricultural country. And Most of India's agriculture is dependent on the monsoon.Two-thirds of the country's population is dependent on agriculture and it is certain that to provide the availability of food grains, to everyone has negative impact it will affect the entire human race.  


Impact of climate change in India:- 


Climate change has a negative impact on humans.  After the 19th century, the overall temperature of the Indian land has increased from 0.5° to 1°.  This increase in temperature may seem only minor on a large scale, but it may later take the basis of the great disaster. 

Farming / Agriculture:- Due to increasing population, demand for food is increasing day by day. Which is increasing pressure on natural resources. 


Agriculture Rich India
Agriculture Rich India 


 Climate change is having a direct impact on Indian agriculture.  Because there is a change in temperature, rainfall, humidity etc., which is affecting the capacity of the soil and it is causing virus-causing organisms and diseases, which is slowly eroding the fertility of the soil.

Must Read- What are the Causes of Climate Change ?


weather:-



 The cycle of rainfall is affected when the weather is warm.  Due to this there is an increased risk of floods or drought, recently there has been severe floods in Maharashtra, karnataka, Assam, Kerala, Himachal pradesh,punjab etc.. Clouds are bursting in northern India. Which is clearly the effect of climate change.


Increase in sea level:- Another major factor of climate change is the rise in sea level.  With the warming of the sea, melting of ice, it is estimated that the water level of the inter seas will increase by 1/2 meter in the coming century.  Many ill effects will emerge from this.  Such as wastage of coastal areas, floods, soil erosion, rise of salt water, etc., the coastal life of southern part of India will be disturbed and farming, drinking water, fisheries and human settlement will be destroyed here.

Must Read - Ways to Reduce Climate Change 

Conclusion- 

   The government must take the necessary steps to deal with the rising floods and develop a better flood alert system. Climate change should be taken into account, maximizing trees, not tampering with rivers.

The forest area should be expanded as the forest absorbs more water.

We all need to think seriously about this issue as the situation is getting complicated due to climate change, in places where there was not much rainfall before, now there are floods and some areas are facing drought.

After the floods a question arises: Is human being responsible for these conditions or the nature ????

Share your thoughts.......


Saturday, August 10, 2019

ways to reduce climate change

elonjeevan
Climate change is the most essential issue of our generation; we are the first to witness its early signs and the last who have a chance of stopping them from happening.
Living in a bubble of denial can only get us this far; the planet which is our home is already a scene for melting glaciers, raising floods, extinction of species… the list goes on and on.

Tackling climate change is a shared mission for mankind.  Let's join hands to combat with climate change. Because as individuals we can slow down climate change effect by implementing small more sustainable actions within our community.

Before Knowing about how to fight with climate change everyone should have complete Knowledge about climate change , its causes, and facts. 

what is Climate Change (Definition, Causes,Effects,Actions and solutions )



Let us tell you about daily habits that can be adopted to fight with climate change locally.



Major Ways to Fight with Climate change In Your Home 


1.  Put the 3 R's of sustainability into Daily practice

The goal of the 3R's is to prevent waste and conserve natural resources. which helps to reduce climate change effect. 


  • - Reduce: consume less, more efficiently.
  • - Reuse: Try to use the old stuff as much as possible. Take the advantage of second-hand markets to sell your old things and to buy second hand things. You'll be saving money and reducing your consumption.
  • - Recycle - if you are really concerned about Environment then keep one thing in Mind that Don't through anything away that can be recycled. Recycling helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions by reducing energy consumption.

Recycling eliminates the need for new raw materials to make new products. For Example, By recycling one ton of paper saves 19 trees from being cut. Tree preservation in turn leads to the protection of water catchment areas and promotes the capture of CO2, reducing greenhouse gas emission.

 Studies indicate that deforestation and landfills account for an estimated 25% of the global greenhouse gas emissions annually. 

2. Reduce Greenhouse gas emissions 

Greenhouse gas emission is a major cause of climate change.  we have to avoid those things which increase emissions. such as, Fossil Fuel, Coal and  Natural gas used for electricity, Heat and Transportation... 

  •  Start walking - Is there any single Sustainable action that’s better for your mind, your body, and your planet? 
  • Bicycling-  use cycle for short distance it keeps us fit and healthy. use less car as much as possible. 
  • Carpooling - use carpooling for same destination. Enjoy that time with your friends it's really wonderful. 
  • Use public Transport- For Long Distance travel Buses and Trains are best alternative of cars. According to the Study, each liter of fuel that your car uses, equals 2.5 kilos of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere.
  •  Add solar panels to your house- within reasonable price you can install solar panels in your house. How to Add Solar Power to a Home??  renewable energy ministry provide many subsidies on solar panel. 



3. Save energy in your Home appliances


Saving energy is not only good for the fight against climate change, it's also good for your wallet.




  • Replace Your Bulbs with LEDs- Traditional  light bulbs consume an excessive amount of electricity and must be replaced them with energy efficient alternatives.compact fluorescent lights (CFLs), and light-emitting diode bulbs (LEDs) consume 25-80% less electricity and last three to 25 times longer than traditional bulbs.

  •   Install a programmable or smart thermostat- Always adjust the thermostat for heating and air conditioning.
  •  Purchase energy efficient appliances- Before purchasing an appliance, you must pay attention to the initial purchase price and the annual operating cost.
    Use always energy star appliances
    Use always energy star appliances 
  • Although energy efficient appliances usually have higher purchase prices, their operating costs are 9-25% lower than conventional models. You should look on the ENERGY STAR level of appliances. For Example-  ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers consume 25% less energy and 45% less water than others. 
  •  Clean or replace HVAC filters time to time - A dirty filter on your air conditioner or heater will make the system work harder and waste energy.
  • Hang-dry your clothes instead of using the dryer- Almost 80-90 percent people use dryer to dry clothes. Do you Know how much electricity does a dryer consume?

4.  Raise voice against Deforestation 

  Buy Eco- Friendly Furniture - Deforestation is a serious problem, so we all have to buy sustainable furniture. using Eco- Friendly Furniture is not only saving environment but also save money. Here are some Places to Find Sustainable Furniture. 


buy sustainable furniture to stop deforestation
buy sustainable furniture to stop deforestation 


Plant more trees - On average, 1 acre of new forest can sequester about 2.5 tons of carbon annually. Young trees absorb carbon dioxide at a rate of 13 pounds/tree each year. when Trees reach their most productive stage of carbon storage at about 10 years  they are estimated to absorb 48 pounds of carbon dioxide/year.

5. Eat low carbon footprint diet-

 cheese, Meat, and eggs have the highest carbon footprint. Fruit, vegetables, beans and nuts have much lower carbon footprints.


Eat local and seasonal food : Eat those food that is produced in the local area, avoid imports which create more emissions due to transportation. Also, eat seasonal items, to avoid less sustainable production methods.


 Avoid excessive packaging and processed foods as much as possible.  here are 10 Processed Foods that you should Avoid



6.  Reduce food waste- 

Food waste is an enormous source of greenhouse gases. Recently,The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report , 


IPCC's new report on climate change and land
IPCC's new report on climate change and land 


"entitled Climate Change and Land",  notes that roughly 25 to 30% of total food produced annually is lost or wasted — and that has consequences. From 2010 to 2016, global food loss and waste contributed eight to 10 per cent of human-caused GHG emissions. Food waste directly effect climate change


7. Use Reusable Water Bottles- 

Landfills already contain more than 2 million tons of plastic bottles. 1.5 million barrels of oil are used to manufacture water bottle every year. single use plastic water bottles take more than 1,000 years to biodegrade. so, reusable water bottle does sound like a good idea.

8. Always Bring your own shopping bags.

 Plastic bags are very harmful for the environment: They take hundreds of years to break down, contaminate soil and waterways, and cause widespread marine animal deaths. To fight with this  problem, many country make laws to ban plastic-bags or fees on single-use bags. Switch to reusable bags and use them consistently.


“What do you think about climate change"?  Share your thoughts in the comment box and give your opinion. 

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