“Freedom cannot be achieved unless women have been emancipated from all kinds of oppression.”

Environment is no one’s property to destroy; it’s everyone’s responsibility to protect.

Environment is no one’s property to destroy; it’s everyone’s responsibility to protect.
Our planet’s alarm is going off, and it is time to wake up and take action!

One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world.

One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world.
Malala Yousafzai

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Monday, November 2, 2020

Land Pollution: Causes, Effects, and its Prevention


Our environment is deteriorating day by day. Air and water pollution comes to the forefront of our minds whenever we talk about pollution The main cause of it is human itself. Which gives birth to different kinds of environment pollution and one of those kinds is land pollution. 

Before proceeding let's understand the basics of what pollution exactly is? Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment. These harmful substances are called pollutants. Pollutants damage the quality of water, air and land. In this article, we will focus primarily on land pollution its causes, effects and solutions. 

Land Pollution: Causes, Effects, and its Prevention

What is Land pollution ?

Land pollution, means destruction degradation of the Earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, because of human activities. 

It is a global issue which is the need of the hour to fix immediately. The unwanted materials contaminate the quality of our land.

we should  implement the preventive measures to control land pollution, Before that you must be aware of what causes land pollution and how it affects the environment.

Causes of Land Pollution

There are various causes which contribute to this pollution such as agricultural waste, household waste,  industrial waste etc. The most common ones are: 

  • Mining activities

Mining is the extraction of minerals and other geological materials from the ground, which are then used for a wide range of purposes, such as generating electricity, producing gasoline for automobiles etc. 

Mining activities sometimes require harmful chemicals to extract natural resources from the earth's surface. These chemicals can have adverse effects on the soil which can eventually disrupt the life of plants and animals.

  • Deforestation

Deforestation is one of the most common causes of land pollution. Forest lands are sometimes losing trees due to natural causes like forest fires but most of the time due to man-made causes.

We have deforested for various development reasons, but the sad truth is that "once the land is turned into barren land, it will not be able to regain its fertile power."

Land conversion, that is the change or modification of real estate to make it usable for a particular purpose, is another major factor. This gives the ground too much barrier.

  • Chemicals from agricultural activities

Due to the increasing population worldwide, The use of pesticides & fertilizers has been increased a lot these days to improve productivity of the crops.
The harmful chemicals used in the form of fertilizers & pesticides ultimately contaminate the land when mixed with the soil.

  • Landfills

Landfills  are one of the leading causes of land pollution. Every year each household produces tonnes of garbage. Garbage like paper, cloth, wood, aluminum, plastic is collected and sent to the local recycling unit. Most of the items that can not be recycled become a part of the landfills that cause land pollution.

  • Construction Activities.

Every day there is new construction work going on to fulfill needs of the people.  construction work has resulted in huge waste articles like wood, metal, bricks, plastic etc. 
If we do not dispose of these by-products properly after completion of the work, then it may cause harm to the land.

  • Disposal of Nuclear waste.

Nuclear waste is a dangerous way to pollute the earth. Residual radioactive substances contain harmful and toxic chemicals that can affect human health. They are thrown under the ground to avoid any casualty. This way of disposal causes serious consequences for years by contaminating the land.

  • Sewage Disposal

Improper Sewage disposal is one of the major causes of land pollution. It should be treated in a professional way to protect the soil and more importantly, groundwater which is an essential source of water for us.
If sewage is not treated correctly, it produces harmful toxins that seep into the ground, causing land pollution.

  • Littering

Littering is also another major cause of land pollution. It is a common problem, no matter it is an urban or a rural region. People just throw their garbage on the land without caring about the harmful effects on the environment. Garbage contains  plastic, cigarette butts etc. 

Effects of Land Pollution

Land pollution affects all the living organisms whether it is plant, animals, or human beings. The main effects of land pollution are following-

  • Soil Pollution

Soil pollution is another form of land pollution. It is mainly caused by deforestation, overgrazing and other agricultural activities like the use of pesticides or fertilizers. If it continues for many years, then the topsoil will lose its fertility. 

 The regeneration process of topsoil takes at least 500 years for 2.5 centimetres . The United State of America  loses soil at the rate 17 times higher than it usually takes to generate new topsoil.

  • Drinking Water Problem

Drinking water is highly affected by land pollution. According to UNO's Report  2.5 billion people have access to better drinking water, but still 663 million people are deprived. Every day about 1,000 children die of diarrhea which is caused by water pollution. 

  • Groundwater Problems

When harmful substances from industrial processes, chemicals are improperly disposed of on the land it gradually seep in the ground. which  affect the purity of the groundwater.

These toxins contaminate the groundwater that ultimately affects human health.  Even  animals and plants also have to suffer a lot due to groundwater contamination.

  • Climate change

Land pollution is indirectly affect the climatic conditions of the globe. it is responsible for the loss of ecosystem. 

land pollution decreases the fertility rate of topsoil that means less plants will grown in future. Trees plays an important role to cool down the environment because they absorb carbon dioxide. But less forest lead to global warming which causes climate change. 

  • Causes air pollution

One of the leading causes of air pollution is land pollution. A vast number of  burning of garbage emits various toxic gases in the atmosphere. These gases are responsible for the deterioration of the quality of air. 

When we breathe in such unhealthy air, it causes various health issues such as respiratory problems, lung problems, and asthma etc. Due to air pollution, 70 lac people die each year. 

  • Habitat Shifting

When soil erosion and deforestation are in progress, animals are forced to move from their natural habitat to find food & shelter. 
The change is too distressful for some animals, and this even leads to loss of their life. As a result, some species are posed with a greater risk of extinction.

  • Impacts on wildlife

Wildlife plays an important role in our ecosystem. The wild animals  are equally paying for the land pollution caused mainly by human sources. They face a serious threat with regard to the 'loss of habitat' and natural environment. 
Due to deforestation several species are  pushed to the verge of extinction. forests are home for wild animals. 

  • Impacts on plants

Plants are also affected by land pollution. Fertility of topsoil is very important for the growth of plants. The harmful chemicals alter the soil property that creates a big problem for the vegetation of the plant.

The poor-quality of soil causes the extinction of many plant species.

How to prevent land pollution

  • Follow 3 R's

We should aware people of the concept of 3R's that means Reduce, Recycle and Reuse. 3Rs is important to minimize the amount of waste in the landfill.

  • Reduce plastic

Plastic has become a significant issue for the whole world. It is a big environmental issue that not only pollute the land but also causes water pollution and Air pollution. 

  • Reforestation

Reforestation means replanting an area with trees. This can be needed for areas that have experienced Forest fires or where trees had been chopped down and milled. 
This process helps to bind the soil, which helps to protect it from land pollution, prevents soil erosion and flooding.

  • Use less Pesticides and fertilizers

 Reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural activities. it helps a lot to prevent land pollution. 

  • Avoid single use packaging

We should switch to reusable cloth bag for groceries instead of plastic shopping bags to reduce single use plastic waste. Say 'no to single use plastic'  is a small and easy initiative to reduce land pollution. 

  • Raise awareness

 Raising awareness always makes a difference to reduce land pollution. You can share information or discuss the causes, effects, and solutions to mitigate land pollution.

  • By educating people

Education is key to prevent the land pollution. We have to show people the adverse effects of land pollution and the way to reduce them. Convince others to significant contribution to save our environment. Because someone well said



As human beings are majorly responsible for causing land pollution, hence it is our responsibility to reduce this problem. 

As a good citizen it is one's duty to share information with your friends to save our planet. 

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

How to Save Water In daily life ?


After air, water is the most important element in protecting life.

We all know, Water is a limited commodity, if not properly managed water, will water become scarce in the future. 

ways to save water in daily life
ways to save water in daily life

We use water for many purposes every day; Such as, washing dishes, clothes; Sewerage disposal, etc. which is mandatory. As such, regular water wastage is a common thing that directs it to the end.

Though,  Earth consists of 71 percent  of water, there is only 1% of which is fit for drinking. Thus, it becomes necessary to save water .

  Here, we are providing you the most basic and effective tips on how you can save water in your daily life.

Following are the simple Water Conservation methods to save water in daily life:-

  • How to Save Water In Bathroom 
  •  How to Save Water In Kitchen 
  • How to Save Water In outdoors

Now, we will discuss each step in detail to save water. 

 How to Save Water In Bathroom ?

1). Turn off the water tap while brushing your teeth and shaving -

An average tap throws approximately 10 liters of water every minute. So, Don’t running the water tap running while brushing your teeth or shaving . Before brushing, wet your tooth brush and fill a glass for rinsing your mouth.

2).   Turn off the water tap while washing your hands- 

Do not leave the tap running while you’re scrubbing your hands. Firstly,  wet your hands and turn off the tap, turn on the tap when you need to rinse your hand. 

3).  Take bath with tub instead of shower- 

A partially filled tub uses less water than shower. so, use tub to take bath to save water.

4). Use dual-flush toilet-

You can easily reduce your daily water usage by installing a dual-flush toilet. This toilet allows you to use less water to flush liquid waste and more water to flush solid waste simply by pressing the correct button. Surveys show that Dual flush toilets use up to 67 percent less water than conventional toilets. 

Install duel flush to save water
Install duel flush to save water

5). Fix Leaks of taps and showers-

It is estimated that unknown leaks in your  taps, pipes, and toilets  can waste up to 3,000 gallons (11,000 L) of water a year. By  fixing these leaks you can save a lot of water.

How to Save Water In Kitchen 

1). Clean vegetables and fruits in a pan - 

When you need to clean fruits and vegetables with water, fill a pan of water to wash them instead of letting the tap run. By doing this, we can save a lot of water. you can reuse this water for watering the plants.

2). Reuse the RO waste water-

Store the waste water of RO in some tank or bucket and re-use for other household works like washing utensils, floor mopping, washing your car, watering your plants, etc.

3). Use automatic dishwasher for full loads only-

Always remember to load your dishwasher to its full capacity. This will avoid multiple running cycles of the dishwasher. By doing this you can save a lot of water.


4). Fill up your sink with water to rinse the dishes.

 Don’t leave the water running for rinsing when you are washing dishes by hand. Fill up your sink with water or bucket for rinsing the dishes. This will help to minimize the water wastage. 

How to Save Water In outdoors ?

1). Use a broom to clean Verandah or Backyard instead of pipe-

If you are cleaning your backyard, use a broom to remove dry matter. If the area still needs additional cleaning, use a bucket of water. Using a water pipe wastes hundreds and hundreds of gallons of water.

2). Use a rainwater tank to store rainwater- 

A rainwater tank is one of the best ways to save water. You can use collected water from  rain in many household works. 

3). Store overflow water -

Collect overflow water at some place to reuse for other purposes. otherwise, directly 

connect it to your garden for watering the plants. 

Related article - Water pollution essay which every student should know

4). Use a Bucket to Wash your Car-

No doubt using a bucket may require a little more effort. but, it will definitely reduce the wastage of water. Moreover, leaving the traditional methods behind, you can opt for waterless car washing systems available in the market if you can afford the charges. 

use a bucket to wash car
use a bucket to wash car

Conclusion - 

“Let’s all do our share to conserve water with care.” #SAVEWATERSAVELIFE

save water for future generation
save water for future generation

Let’s join hand with us and take a pledge to save the water for future generations. Be more responsible and act now to save our planet and lives before it’s too late.

Share these methods to save water with your friends and start a campaign to make them aware of how they can contribute to Save Water by little efforts. 

Thanks for reading....

Monday, May 11, 2020

Why deforestation In Amazon rainforest Surges during Pandemic ?


As the Coronavirus epidemic draws global attention, there is a significant increase in deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in 2020, which is a matter of great concern.

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest rose sharply in last month April 2020. Destruction in Amazon forest increased 64 percent in April 2020, compared with the same month in 2019, according to preliminary satellite data from space research agency INPE.

Deforestation reaches highest level in a decade in the Brazilian Amazon
Deforestation reaches highest level in a decade in the Brazilian Amazon (source)

According to the INPE data, in the first four months that means from January to April of this year, Amazon deforestation was up 55 percent from a year ago to 1,202 square kilometers (464 square miles). 

How is the coronavirus epidemic responsible for increasing deforestation?

The outbreak of the new coronavirus has led to sophisticated efforts to combat deforestation, with environmental enforcement agency Obama sending fewer agents to farms due to health risks.

The coronavirus epidemic is only complicating things in the Amazon region.
Brazil, which accounts for more than 60 percent of the Amazon, is the epicenter of the epidemic in Latin America, with about 10,000 deaths so far.

Environmentalists say the government is paying less attention to deforestation due to the coronavirus.

New question arises that how Brazil is protecting its world's biggest rain forest?

The Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rain forest, and scientists say its preservation is vital to stop global warming because it absorbs vast amount of greenhouse gases.

Destruction of the Amazon surged to an 11-year high last year due to massive fire and continues to surge in 2020, which environmentalists blame on the policies of  President Jair Bolsonaro who has emboldened illegal loggers, ranchers and miners.

Last year, in Bolsonaro's first year in office,  soared 85% in the Amazon rainforest deforestation, to 10,123 square kilometers of forest.

The destruction was increased by massive fire across the Amazon forest from May to October in last year, in addition to illegal logging, mining and farming on protected lands. This trend in 2020 is still matter of concern.

President of Brazil has called for more farming and mining in protected areas of the forest, saying it is the only way to lift the region out of poverty.

Causes of  deforestation in the amazon rainforest

Illegal logging, mining and farming on protected lands is the main cause of amazon forest deforestation.

Illegal logging in amazon rainforest
Illegal logging in amazon rainforest 

Cattle ranching is the another leading cause of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.

WWF estimates that 27% – more than a quarter – of the Amazon  will be without trees by 2030 if the current rate of amazon rainforest deforestation continues.

Effects of deforestation in amazon rainforest 

Wildlife habitat destruction due to deforestation will cause more deadly pandemics like coronavirus. Because when you cut down trees and remove the forest, you eliminate the natural environment of many species.

Millions of plant and animal species currently face extinction because of habitat loss.

34 million indigenous people live in the jungles of the Amazon and depend on its resources. Deforestation in the Amazon can be a major problem for these people.

Ways to stop deforestation in the Amazon

Deforestation in the Amazon is no longer an issue for individual countries to deal with alone. It requires an integrated policies and concrete actions to deal with this problem. 

Brazil government has to design and implement “zero net deforestation” plans, create awareness of the issues about deforestation, and recognize indigenous peoples and local communities’ rights.

President of Brazil Bolsonaro already authorized the deployment of armed forces to deter illegal loggers and combat deforestation and forest fires in the region. This measure may help in the short term to stop deforestation but is not a lasting solution.


The Amazon Rain Forest in Brazil is the largest tropical run forest in the world. It is also called the planet's lung because its vast forest releases oxygen and stores carbon dioxide (CO2). 

More than 20% of the world's oxygen is produced in the Amazon rainforest. Therefore, it is a matter of great concern that Amazon Forest is being destroyed day by day. we should think about this problem deeply. 

Thank you!!!