“Freedom cannot be achieved unless women have been emancipated from all kinds of oppression.”

Environment is no one’s property to destroy; it’s everyone’s responsibility to protect.

Environment is no one’s property to destroy; it’s everyone’s responsibility to protect.
Our planet’s alarm is going off, and it is time to wake up and take action!

One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world.

One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world.
Malala Yousafzai

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Friday, May 7, 2021

Global Warming Essay : Causes, Effects and Solutions

 All living things- birds, animals, trees, insects, and plants, are created by nature. They all have the right to live their lives freely, but the human being is the enemy of all living beings. To fulfill our own needs and greed, we humans are killing nature, and we will pay the price in the form of disaster. one of them is global warming
Global warming is affecting the climatic conditions of Earth. In this essay we will discuss the causes, effects, and solutions to treat global warming. 

Global Warming Essay : Causes, Effects and Solutions
Global warming essay causes effects and solutions

What is Global warming? 

Global warming is the phenomenon of increasing the average temperature since 1950. It profoundly affects the change in a climate near the Earth's surface. 
Natural events and humans mainly cause global warming. But greenhouse gases are one of the significant reasons. As per the scientist, almost 95 per cent of global warming has been caused due to greenhouse gases. 
The greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide(CO2), methane, nitrous oxide, etc., absorb and release heat radiation. As greenhouse gases increase in the atmosphere, it starts absorbing & releasing more heat from the Sun.

What are the Causes of Global Warming?

In this essay, students will be able to understand the significant causes of global warming. 

  • Industrialization

Industrialization is one of the primary causes of global warming. The temperature of earth is increasing rapidly from the past few decades after industrial development.  Harmful gases emitted from factories are causing global warming.
Industrial have been using fossil fuels for power machines. Everything that we use is involved in fossil fuel. For example, when we buy a mobile phone, making mobile phones have involved machines, and machines use fossil fuels, and carbon dioxide is releasing into the atmosphere during the process. Besides industrial, transportation such as cars, trucks are also releasing carbon dioxide, which increases the average temperature of the Earth. 

  • Burning of fossil fuels

Burning fossil fuels such as coal, gas, oil, etc., release a large amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. 
The number of vehicles is increasing every passing year with the increasing population of the world. The use of vehicles results in the emission of a massive amount of harmful gases like carbon dioxide in the air, which causes air pollution and global warming. 

  • Deforestation 

Trees play an essential role in maintaining proper balance in the climatic conditions of the environment. Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen for us. The increasing level of carbon dioxide(CO2) in the air plays a vital role in increasing the temperature of our planet.
Due to excess cutting of trees, the level of CO2 is increasing a lot in the atmosphere. As a result,  imbalance is created in the ecosystem causing global warming. 

  • Ozone layer depletion

 Depletion of ozone layer is a severe problem for the environment. The ozone layer plays an essential role in protecting us from the ultraviolet rays of the Sun.
The ozone layer acts as a protective shield between the Sun and Earth's surface. Still, this protective layer is depleting day by day with Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) released in the environment.
The major causes of CFC emission are the use of  refrigerators and air conditioners . The CFC emission is affecting the atmospheric ozone layer and hence causing an increase in the average temperature.

What are the Effects of Global warming?

The greenhouse gases (GHG's) will stay in the atmosphere for many years since hundreds of years ago. However, the effect that global warming will cause on Earth is severe. Many effects will happen in the future, such as polar ice caps melting, economic consequences, Rising sea level, disturbing biodiversity, climate change etc., now; we will understand every effect of global warming in detail.

  • Increase in Earth's temperature

One of the significant effects of global warming is the increase in the temperature of the Earth. As per the studies, since 1880, Earth's temperature has been increased up to 1.4 degrees. 
greenhouse gases are one of the significant reasons of global warming
greenhouse gases are one of the significant reasons of global warming 

  • Melting of glaciers

Increases in the temperature of Earth are causing the melting of glaciers. As the temperature increase, the ice of the North Pole will melt. Once the ice melt, the first effect will be rising sea levels because the melting glaciers become oceans. Melting ice has also become an enormous problem for the penguins in Antarctica.

  • Causes climate change

Global warming has changed the climatic conditions of the world. Climate change is affecting the weather conditions at high level. The change in the past took a long time to happen, but the rate of change at present is relatively fast, and as a result of these changes, the Earth is getting warmer, which is a further cause of drought and floods at different places.

  • Disturbs the biodiversity

Because of global warming, many animals have to suffer from loss of natural habitat, and many species of plants and animals have been extinct. Some species are endangered because of the temperature rise. In short, It has affected the complete biodiversity of Earth.

  • sudden change in weather

 We know that global warming and climate change are both interlinked to each other. Climate changes lead to the occurrence of extreme weather events in different parts worldwide. The summers are becoming hotter than before, and winters are becoming colder due to global warming.
Rainfall & snowfall has been increased over the past few years. Because of heavy rain, the chances of flood increase a lot. However, some regions experience extreme drought conditions. These type of extreme weather events disturbs the entire ecosystem. 

What are the Solutions to control Global Warming?

Global warming is a serious environmental issue we all must take immediate measures to control as soon as possible. It has become a substantial threat human-made disaster for the earth. Here we are giving some simple steps to control global warming at your level. 

  • Stop cutting trees

Everyone knows trees play a vital role in our environment. Plants act as natural cleaners because they absorb carbon dioxide from the air and give us oxygen to breathe.

Trees are essential for our survival. Hence, we should protest against deforestation and aware of the people for afforestation & reforestation to control global warming. Trees help to improve the temperature on earth.

stop cut trees to control global warming
stop cut trees to control global warming 

  • Eco-friendly products

We should use Eco-friendly products to contribute to the planet's crisis. for example- use cotton or cloth shopping bag instead of single-use plastic bags. 

Related article - Easy Ways To Live Eco-Friendly

  •  sustainable transportation

As we know, carbon dioxide is one of the major causes of global warming, So we should cut down the amount of carbon emission.

We should prefer public transport, carpooling, etc. for travelling. Using carpooling is a simple and effective way to control global warming. 

  • Minimize the use of fossil fuels 

To prevent global warming, we should minimize the use of fossil fuels such as coal or gas. Instead of fossil fuels, we should start using electricity from natural renewable resources such as solar and wind. 

  • Use Energy efficiency products 

We must take some essential steps to save energy. Minor changes will have a significant impact and will help us to fight against global warming. 

For instance- we should use LED bulbs instead of traditional bulbs that consume a lot of energy because it saves cost and environment both. 

  • Adopt recycling

Recycling helps to minimize wastes from the environment. It will also help to reduce the effects of global warming.

For instance, after finishing drinking the water from the bottle, we can reuse it for other purposes.


To conclude, we understood that our earth is "sick". We humans need to "heal" the earth. We are facing many significant environmental issues, and one of them is global warming. We ownself have raised the level of pollution to extreme levels. All the organisms (including plants and animals) have to pay a lot. But now it is the time to act and make everyone aware. Start small but make it big by including everyone to protect our planet. 

Monday, November 2, 2020

Land Pollution: Causes, Effects, and its Prevention


Our environment is deteriorating day by day. Air and water pollution comes to the forefront of our minds whenever we talk about pollution The main cause of it is human itself. Which gives birth to different kinds of environment pollution and one of those kinds is land pollution. 

Before proceeding let's understand the basics of what pollution exactly is? Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment. These harmful substances are called pollutants. Pollutants damage the quality of water, air and land. In this article, we will focus primarily on land pollution its causes, effects and solutions. 

Land Pollution: Causes, Effects, and its Prevention

What is Land pollution ?

Land pollution, means destruction degradation of the Earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, because of human activities. 

It is a global issue which is the need of the hour to fix immediately. The unwanted materials contaminate the quality of our land.

we should  implement the preventive measures to control land pollution, Before that you must be aware of what causes land pollution and how it affects the environment.

Causes of Land Pollution

There are various causes which contribute to this pollution such as agricultural waste, household waste,  industrial waste etc. The most common ones are: 

  • Mining activities

Mining is the extraction of minerals and other geological materials from the ground, which are then used for a wide range of purposes, such as generating electricity, producing gasoline for automobiles etc. 

Mining activities sometimes require harmful chemicals to extract natural resources from the earth's surface. These chemicals can have adverse effects on the soil which can eventually disrupt the life of plants and animals.

  • Deforestation

Deforestation is one of the most common causes of land pollution. Forest lands are sometimes losing trees due to natural causes like forest fires but most of the time due to man-made causes.

We have deforested for various development reasons, but the sad truth is that "once the land is turned into barren land, it will not be able to regain its fertile power."

Land conversion, that is the change or modification of real estate to make it usable for a particular purpose, is another major factor. This gives the ground too much barrier.

  • Chemicals from agricultural activities

Due to the increasing population worldwide, The use of pesticides & fertilizers has been increased a lot these days to improve productivity of the crops.
The harmful chemicals used in the form of fertilizers & pesticides ultimately contaminate the land when mixed with the soil.

  • Landfills

Landfills  are one of the leading causes of land pollution. Every year each household produces tonnes of garbage. Garbage like paper, cloth, wood, aluminum, plastic is collected and sent to the local recycling unit. Most of the items that can not be recycled become a part of the landfills that cause land pollution.

  • Construction Activities.

Every day there is new construction work going on to fulfill needs of the people.  construction work has resulted in huge waste articles like wood, metal, bricks, plastic etc. 
If we do not dispose of these by-products properly after completion of the work, then it may cause harm to the land.

  • Disposal of Nuclear waste.

Nuclear waste is a dangerous way to pollute the earth. Residual radioactive substances contain harmful and toxic chemicals that can affect human health. They are thrown under the ground to avoid any casualty. This way of disposal causes serious consequences for years by contaminating the land.

  • Sewage Disposal

Improper Sewage disposal is one of the major causes of land pollution. It should be treated in a professional way to protect the soil and more importantly, groundwater which is an essential source of water for us.
If sewage is not treated correctly, it produces harmful toxins that seep into the ground, causing land pollution.

  • Littering

Littering is also another major cause of land pollution. It is a common problem, no matter it is an urban or a rural region. People just throw their garbage on the land without caring about the harmful effects on the environment. Garbage contains  plastic, cigarette butts etc. 

Effects of Land Pollution

Land pollution affects all the living organisms whether it is plant, animals, or human beings. The main effects of land pollution are following-

  • Soil Pollution

Soil pollution is another form of land pollution. It is mainly caused by deforestation, overgrazing and other agricultural activities like the use of pesticides or fertilizers. If it continues for many years, then the topsoil will lose its fertility. 

 The regeneration process of topsoil takes at least 500 years for 2.5 centimetres . The United State of America  loses soil at the rate 17 times higher than it usually takes to generate new topsoil.

  • Drinking Water Problem

Drinking water is highly affected by land pollution. According to UNO's Report  2.5 billion people have access to better drinking water, but still 663 million people are deprived. Every day about 1,000 children die of diarrhea which is caused by water pollution. 

  • Groundwater Problems

When harmful substances from industrial processes, chemicals are improperly disposed of on the land it gradually seep in the ground. which  affect the purity of the groundwater.

These toxins contaminate the groundwater that ultimately affects human health.  Even  animals and plants also have to suffer a lot due to groundwater contamination.

  • Climate change

Land pollution is indirectly affect the climatic conditions of the globe. it is responsible for the loss of ecosystem. 

land pollution decreases the fertility rate of topsoil that means less plants will grown in future. Trees plays an important role to cool down the environment because they absorb carbon dioxide. But less forest lead to global warming which causes climate change. 

  • Causes air pollution

One of the leading causes of air pollution is land pollution. A vast number of  burning of garbage emits various toxic gases in the atmosphere. These gases are responsible for the deterioration of the quality of air. 

When we breathe in such unhealthy air, it causes various health issues such as respiratory problems, lung problems, and asthma etc. Due to air pollution, 70 lac people die each year. 

  • Habitat Shifting

When soil erosion and deforestation are in progress, animals are forced to move from their natural habitat to find food & shelter. 
The change is too distressful for some animals, and this even leads to loss of their life. As a result, some species are posed with a greater risk of extinction.

  • Impacts on wildlife

Wildlife plays an important role in our ecosystem. The wild animals  are equally paying for the land pollution caused mainly by human sources. They face a serious threat with regard to the 'loss of habitat' and natural environment. 
Due to deforestation several species are  pushed to the verge of extinction. forests are home for wild animals. 

  • Impacts on plants

Plants are also affected by land pollution. Fertility of topsoil is very important for the growth of plants. The harmful chemicals alter the soil property that creates a big problem for the vegetation of the plant.

The poor-quality of soil causes the extinction of many plant species.

How to prevent land pollution

  • Follow 3 R's

We should aware people of the concept of 3R's that means Reduce, Recycle and Reuse. 3Rs is important to minimize the amount of waste in the landfill.

  • Reduce plastic

Plastic has become a significant issue for the whole world. It is a big environmental issue that not only pollute the land but also causes water pollution and Air pollution. 

  • Reforestation

Reforestation means replanting an area with trees. This can be needed for areas that have experienced Forest fires or where trees had been chopped down and milled. 
This process helps to bind the soil, which helps to protect it from land pollution, prevents soil erosion and flooding.

  • Use less Pesticides and fertilizers

 Reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural activities. it helps a lot to prevent land pollution. 

  • Avoid single use packaging

We should switch to reusable cloth bag for groceries instead of plastic shopping bags to reduce single use plastic waste. Say 'no to single use plastic'  is a small and easy initiative to reduce land pollution. 

  • Raise awareness

 Raising awareness always makes a difference to reduce land pollution. You can share information or discuss the causes, effects, and solutions to mitigate land pollution.

  • By educating people

Education is key to prevent the land pollution. We have to show people the adverse effects of land pollution and the way to reduce them. Convince others to significant contribution to save our environment. Because someone well said



As human beings are majorly responsible for causing land pollution, hence it is our responsibility to reduce this problem. 

As a good citizen it is one's duty to share information with your friends to save our planet. 

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

How to Save Water In daily life ?


After air, water is the most important element in protecting life.

We all know, Water is a limited commodity, if not properly managed water, will water become scarce in the future. 

ways to save water in daily life
ways to save water in daily life

We use water for many purposes every day; Such as, washing dishes, clothes; Sewerage disposal, etc. which is mandatory. As such, regular water wastage is a common thing that directs it to the end.

Though,  Earth consists of 71 percent  of water, there is only 1% of which is fit for drinking. Thus, it becomes necessary to save water .

  Here, we are providing you the most basic and effective tips on how you can save water in your daily life.

Following are the simple Water Conservation methods to save water in daily life:-

  • How to Save Water In Bathroom 
  •  How to Save Water In Kitchen 
  • How to Save Water In outdoors

Now, we will discuss each step in detail to save water. 

 How to Save Water In Bathroom ?

1). Turn off the water tap while brushing your teeth and shaving -

An average tap throws approximately 10 liters of water every minute. So, Don’t running the water tap running while brushing your teeth or shaving . Before brushing, wet your tooth brush and fill a glass for rinsing your mouth.

2).   Turn off the water tap while washing your hands- 

Do not leave the tap running while you’re scrubbing your hands. Firstly,  wet your hands and turn off the tap, turn on the tap when you need to rinse your hand. 

3).  Take bath with tub instead of shower- 

A partially filled tub uses less water than shower. so, use tub to take bath to save water.

4). Use dual-flush toilet-

You can easily reduce your daily water usage by installing a dual-flush toilet. This toilet allows you to use less water to flush liquid waste and more water to flush solid waste simply by pressing the correct button. Surveys show that Dual flush toilets use up to 67 percent less water than conventional toilets. 

Install duel flush to save water
Install duel flush to save water

5). Fix Leaks of taps and showers-

It is estimated that unknown leaks in your  taps, pipes, and toilets  can waste up to 3,000 gallons (11,000 L) of water a year. By  fixing these leaks you can save a lot of water.

How to Save Water In Kitchen 

1). Clean vegetables and fruits in a pan - 

When you need to clean fruits and vegetables with water, fill a pan of water to wash them instead of letting the tap run. By doing this, we can save a lot of water. you can reuse this water for watering the plants.

2). Reuse the RO waste water-

Store the waste water of RO in some tank or bucket and re-use for other household works like washing utensils, floor mopping, washing your car, watering your plants, etc.

3). Use automatic dishwasher for full loads only-

Always remember to load your dishwasher to its full capacity. This will avoid multiple running cycles of the dishwasher. By doing this you can save a lot of water.


4). Fill up your sink with water to rinse the dishes.

 Don’t leave the water running for rinsing when you are washing dishes by hand. Fill up your sink with water or bucket for rinsing the dishes. This will help to minimize the water wastage. 

How to Save Water In outdoors ?

1). Use a broom to clean Verandah or Backyard instead of pipe-

If you are cleaning your backyard, use a broom to remove dry matter. If the area still needs additional cleaning, use a bucket of water. Using a water pipe wastes hundreds and hundreds of gallons of water.

2). Use a rainwater tank to store rainwater- 

A rainwater tank is one of the best ways to save water. You can use collected water from  rain in many household works. 

3). Store overflow water -

Collect overflow water at some place to reuse for other purposes. otherwise, directly 

connect it to your garden for watering the plants. 

Related article - Water pollution essay which every student should know

4). Use a Bucket to Wash your Car-

No doubt using a bucket may require a little more effort. but, it will definitely reduce the wastage of water. Moreover, leaving the traditional methods behind, you can opt for waterless car washing systems available in the market if you can afford the charges. 

use a bucket to wash car
use a bucket to wash car

Conclusion - 

“Let’s all do our share to conserve water with care.” #SAVEWATERSAVELIFE

save water for future generation
save water for future generation

Let’s join hand with us and take a pledge to save the water for future generations. Be more responsible and act now to save our planet and lives before it’s too late.

Share these methods to save water with your friends and start a campaign to make them aware of how they can contribute to Save Water by little efforts. 

Thanks for reading....